idiographic and nomothetic Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in idiographic and nomothetic Deck (11)
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1

What is the idiographic approach?

Describe the nature of individuals
No comparison to a group
Produce qualitative data, case studies

2

What is the nomothetic approach?

Produce general laws of behaviour
Scientific method, experiments
Large samples to establish similarities and differences

3

How is humanistic psychology an example of idiographic approach?

Phenomenological approach to studying people
Document experience of individual
Investigating unique experience

4

How is the psychodynamic approach idiographic?

Case study method
However Freud assumes he’d identified universal laws of behaviour

5

What approaches are the nomothetic approach linked to?

Those that are reductionist and determinist
Hypotheses are formulated and tested
Analysed for significance

6

How are the behaviourist, cognitive and biological approaches nomothetic?

Skinner studied hundreds of rats
Cognitive - inferences about memory using large samples
Biological - brain scans on many to make generalisations about localisation

7

Evaluation - case for idiographic

Complete account of individual
Complements nomothetic approach by shedding light on general laws
Single case may generate hypotheses for further study (HM)

8

Evaluation - case against idiographic

Narrow and restricted
Oedipus complex developed from single case study
Case studies are not scientific and rely on subjective researcher

9

Evaluation - case for nomothetic

Scientific - standardised conditions, statistical analysis
Psychology has greater scientific credibility

10

Evaluation - case against nomothetic

Losing the whole person
Knowing there is a 1% lifetime risk of schizophrenia tells us little about the disorder
Pps treated as scores rather than people

11

Evaluation - complementary not contradictory

Not mutually exclusive
General patterns of behaviour while looking at atypical case studies