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Flashcards in IDPX Practice Test Questions Deck (127):
1

This system is divided into the following three parts: General/Products/Execution?

CSI MasterFormat

The organization of the technical sections has been standardized through the general adoption of the MasterFormat system developed by the Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) and Construction Specifications Canada (CSC) to standardize the numbering and format of project-related information for use in specifying, cost estimating and data filing.

The MasterFormat system establishes a standard way of organizing any particular specification section. The first level of division within a section is the three–part format.

This includes:

Part 1, General
Part 2, Products
Part 3, Execution
All sections include three parts, while the specific articles within the parts vary with the type of material or product being specified.

2

One of the primary goals of the design you are currently working on is to reduce energy consumption.
Which of the following would NOT be a strategy to accomplish this goal?

1. control ventilation

2. specify high reflective finishes

3. avoid the use of CFC based refrigerants in tenant spaces

4. complete the building commissioning process

Control Ventilation

There are many strategies an interior designer can use to reduce energy consumption. These can be grouped into four broad categories: Building commissioning, mechanical systems, electricity use and plumbing.

Controlling ventilation is one of the 4 broad categories for maintaining good indoor air quality, but not conserving energy.

3

Storage rooms that exceed this many sq ft/m2 must be one hour fire rated:

100 sq ft

4

The minimum clear knee space at an accessible (barrier free) counter is:

30"W x 17"D

5

What determines the maximum travel distance?

furthest point of the tenant space to an exit

6

When designing an ADA compliant toilet stall, all of the following apply EXCEPT?

1. an 18" (455 mm) clear space on the pull side of the door and a 12" (305 mm) clear space on the push space must be maintained

2. there must be at least one grab bar at the toilet

3. a minimum clear space of 60" (1525 mm) is required for maneuvering in the stall

4. grab bars are to be mounted between 33"-36" (840 mm - 915 mm) AFF

There must be at least one grab bar at the toilet

An ADA compliant toilet stall requires two specifically sized grab bars. A 36" (915 mm) bar at the back of the toilet and a 42" (457 mm) grab bar on the side wall.

7

Which of the following is the BEST approach to designing an accessible lavatory?

1. Mount in a vanity base cabinet, with top of counter no higher than 34” AFF

2. Mount in a counter at 34” AFF with insulated wrapped pipes and clear floor space of 30x40

3. Wall mount at 34” AFF with insulated wrapped pipes

4. None of these

Wall mount at 34" AFF with insulated wrapped pipes

Mounting the lavatory in a base cabinet is incorrect because it does not allow clear space under the lavatory for a person in a wheelchair.

Mounting in a counter with a 30x40 clear space is incorrect because the required clear floor space at a lavatory is 30x48.

Lavatories must allow someone in a wheelchair to move under the sink and easily use the basin and water controls. Wall-hung lavatories are usually best to use when accessibility is a concern.

If pipes are exposed below the lavatory, they must be insulated and otherwise protected and there must not be any sharp or abrasive surfaces under lavatories or sinks.

Also refer to NCIDQ Building Codes, 5.0 ACCESSIBILITY

8

When locating exit signage in a public space, which is not a consideration?

That lettering be placed on a matte background

Exit signs should be visible and are placed so that the arrows direct toward the nearest exit but do not conflict with other design elements like lighting. The background of the lettering has nothing to do with exit signage.

9

During space planning, the designer must locate a 36 in door leading from a corridor, where limited space is available, into another room.

One option is to orient the corridor either perpendicular or parallel to the wall separating the corridor from the room and to swing the door in any direction. The door will have a latch only, with no closer.

In order to provide for accessibility and minimize the width of the corridor, which of the following door orientations and approach directions would best meet the criteria?

1. front approach, door swings into corridor

2. hinge side approach, door swings into room

3. front approach, door swings into room

4. latch side approach, door swings into corridor

Hinge side approach, door swings into room

Required maneuvering clearances indicate that the side approach with the door swinging into the room only requires a minimum of 42 in (assuming the door has no closer). This would allow the use of a 44 in minimum corridor. The front approach (door swings into room) and latch side approach (door swings into corridor) both require a minimum of 48 in. The front approach (door swings into corridor) would require a 60 in corridor (a 36 in door plus 24 in of side clearance).

10

Rentable Area, the portion of a tenant’s rented space plus a pro-rated portion of any shared spaces is calculated by:

Multiplying the gross Occupant Area by the Building Load Factor

11

What is the characteristic of a Class I fire-rated carpet?

It does not ignite

12

NFPA 701 relates to which of the following items?

Draperies

13

If, during construction, an interior designer repeatedly tells a contractor how to install certain finishes, this could give rise to what?

Third party claim

An interior designer is not responsible for the means and methods of construction beyond those given on the drawings and in the specifications. Advising the contractor on the exact methods of doing something may imply to the courts that the designer's responsibility extended beyond what the contract permits. This could give rise to a third-party claim.

14

Acquiring what type of bonds would be the best way to protect the owner from a defaulting contractor?

Performance Bond and Labor and Materials Payment Bond

A Performance Bond ensures completion of the contact in the case of a defaulting contractor.

A Labor and Materials Bond insures payment for labor and materials in the case of a defaulting contractor. The owner is best protected if both types of bonds are acquired.

Bid Security does not protect against a defaulting contractor, its purpose is to compensate the owner for the difference between the low bid and the next lowest bid. This would be necessary to protect the owner, during the bidding process, if the low bidder does not enter into an agreement after being awarded the project.

“Although a performance bond ensures the completion of the contract, it does not guarantee payment for labor and materials by a defaulting contractor. The result of nonpayment could be liens against the property or litigation by subcontractors and material suppliers. Accordingly, a labor and material payment bond is usually required along with a performance bond to protect the owner against both types of problems.”

“Bid security is used to ensure that the successful bidder will enter into a contract with the owner.”

15

If a partially completed low partition constructed according to the interior designer’s drawings falls over during construction and injures a worker, who is responsible?

Contractor

The contractor is responsible for all means and methods of construction and all safety concerns on the job site.

16

All of the following are benefits of performance evaluations EXCEPT?

1. help direct hiring

2. enables the firm to remain in compliance with the National Labor Relations Act

3. help the firm to understand the strengths and weaknesses of personnel

4. serve as a basis for pay increases, promotions or termination

Enables the firm to remain in compliance with the National Labor Relations Act

All of these are benefits of performing employee evaluations except compliance with the National Labor Relations Act.

The National Labor Relations Act (also called the Wagner Act) protects employees, mostly union employees, from unfair labor practices by employers, but does not require performance evaluations.

17

Which of the following is NOT a part of the contract documents?
A201TM – 2007 General Conditions of the Contract for ConstructionA201TM – 2007 General Conditions of the Contract for Construction

1. addenda

2. bid form

3. specifications

4. Owner-Contractor Agreement

Bid form

Source: A201TM – 2007 General Conditions of the Contract for Construction, ARTICLE 1 GENERAL PROVISIONS
Although the bid form is often bound into the project manual along with the specifications, it is only a proposal and is not considered part of the contract documents.

§1.1 Basic Definitions
§ 1.1.1 The Contract Documents. The Contract Documents are enumerated 1n the Agreement between the Owner and Vendor (hereinafter the Agreement), and consist of the Agreement, Conditions of the Contract (General, Supplementary and other Conditions), Drawings, Specifications, Addenda Issued prlor to execution of the Contract, other documents listed in the Agreement, and Modifications Issued after execution of the Contract Unless specifically enumerated in the Agreement, the Contract Documents do not include other documents such as the request for quotation or the Vendor's quotation.
Some public owners require that the bidding requirements be included in the definition of the contract documents. This may create conflicts or ambiguities with the other documents that comprise the contract. This problem can be avoided if the bidding requirements are superseded when the contract for construction is awarded. If statutorily required contract language is contained in the bidding requirements, such language can be included in the supplementary conditions.

18

While traveling for an installation, how should the designer handle their travel expenses?

Billed to the client at cost or with a service charge

Travel on behalf of the client for installation is a direct expense and billed to the client. A service fee may be included if specified in the contract. Typical direct expenses include reprographic printing, models, travel expense, shipping, freight and handling, and expenses incurred during procurement and installation.

19

To receive periodic payments, what must the contractor issue to the interior designer?

submit a notarized application for payment to the interior designer at least 10 days before the date established for each payment in the owner contract agreement

To receive periodic payment, the contractor must submit to the interior designer a notarized application for payment at least 10 days before the date established for each payment in the owner contract agreement.

This application should include the value of work done up until the date of the application, in addition to the value of any materials purchased and in acceptable storage, but not yet incorporated into the work.

20

Which of the following is NOT true about a change order?

1. is prepared and issued by the interior designer

2. is accompanied by supporting drawings or other documents as needed to fully explain and describe the proposed change

3. is issued to the general contractor

4. issued when there is a change in contract price

Is prepared and issued by the interior designer

A change order is a document authorizing a variation from the original contract documents that involves a change in contract price, contract time or both.

Technically, it is issued by the owner because the owner has the agreement with the contractor, but it is prepared by the interior designer. It must be approved by the owner, interior designer, and contractor.

21

The last person to see the mechanical shop drawings before they are returned to the mechanical subcontractor should be the:

General Contractor

After a review by the mechanical engineer and interior designer, the shop drawings are returned to the general contractor, who reviews them again to see what comments the engineer and designer have made before returning them to the subcontractor.

22

What is the MOST important activity that the project team does during the construction phase to prepare a project for post-occupancy research?

1. Verify that the building and systems comply with the intent of the research plan, design strategies, and business case

2. Develop a training and operational plan for the staff about the new processes and equipment to support achieving the planned outcomes

3. Verify that the installation and implementation of systems were completed as specified by the manufacturer

4. Develop and use a commissioning plan to evaluate requirements in construction documents

Verify that the building and systems comply with the intent of the research plan, design strategies, and business care

Construction observation and documentation, using field reports, is a critical part of contract administration.

Evaluating the compliance of the end product with the design intent, during construction, sets the groundwork for the team in regards to preparing for post-occupancy research.

23

With the contract documents complete the owner is ready to initiate the construction administration phase of the design.

Typically this involves what type of agreement and between whom?

Bid contract between the owner and a selected contractor

The first step in starting the contract administration phase is finding a contractor and establishing an agreement between the owner and the contractor. Contracts between the owner and the contractor are established in one of two ways.

With a negotiated contract, the owner (with the possible assistance of the interior designer) selects a contractor to do the work. The contractor and owner then negotiate a price and other terms of their agreement. The contractor may be selected based on a previous working relationship, on the recommendations of others, or both. Negotiation is discussed later in this chapter.

With a bid contract (or tendered contract, in Canada), the drawings and specifications are completed by the interior designer (and other consultants, if necessary) and then sent to several general contractors who bid on the work defined by the contract documents. The owner (again, with the assistance of the interior designer) can then select the contractor based on cost as well as experience, schedule, and other criteria.

24

Which of the following does not describe the correct relationship between parties under the General Conditions of the Contract for Construction?

1. Communication between the contractor and consultants should be through the designer.

2. Communication between the subcontractors and the owner should be through the contractor.

3. Communication between the owner and contractor should be through the designer.

4. Communication between the designer and the subcontractors and material suppliers should be through the contractor.

Communication between the subcontractor and the owner should be through the contractor

During construction observation, definite lines of communication among the parties are established by the General Conditions of the Contract for Construction. During this time, the owner and contractor must communicate through the interior designer, unless otherwise provided in the Owner-Designer Agreement and the General Conditions.

Communications between the contractor and consultants should also be through the interior designer.

Communications between the interior designer and the subcontractors and material suppliers should be through the contractor. There should be little to no need for the owner to need to communicate with the subcontractors which would be managed by a discussion between the contractor and designer if needed.

25

When designing a space to reduce noise a designer must consider all of the following EXCEPT?

1. noise reduction can be increased by decreasing the area of the common wall between the rooms

2. the quiet room is the one not producing the noise

3. the lower the STC (Sound Transmitting Class) rating the better the barrier is in stopping sound

4. transmission loss and noise reduction between two spaces

The lower the STC rating the better the barrier is in stopping sound

There are two important concepts in noise reduction: Transmission loss and actual noise reduction between spaces.

Transmission loss takes into account only the loss through the partition.

Noise reduction is dependent not only on the transmission loss but also on the area of the partition separating the two spaces and the absorption of the surfaces in the quiet room (the one not producing the noise). Noise reduction can be increased by increasing the transmission loss of the partition, by increasing the absorption in the "quiet" room, by decreasing the area of the common wall between the rooms, or by some combination of all three.

A single number rating called the sound transmission class (STC) is often used to rate the transmission loss of construction. The higher the STC rating the better the barrier is in stopping sound.

26

What is the part of the stairs supporting the treads in a wood stairway?

Carriage

The carriage is the part that supports the tread and risers. Wood stairs are used for residential construction.

27

Which common structural system would typically be found in a one story or low-rise building with wide column spacing and would allow for mechanical and electrical service ducts, pipes and conduit to be easily run between the members?

Open-web joist system

Two of the most common steel structural systems are beam and girder systems and the open-web steel joist system.

Interior designers usually encounter open-web steel joists in one-story or low-rise buildings with wide column spacing. Because the webs are open, mechanical and electrical service ducts, pipes and conduit can easily be run between the web members. Suspended ceilings and other lightweight interior elements can also easily be hung from the bottoms of the joists.

28

Doors are classified according to:

Method of operation

29

Which ceiling system would you use to accommodate acoustical ceiling tile, light fixtures, supply and return air grilles, fire sprinklers and partitions attachments in a consistent, unified way?

Integrated ceiling system

Integrated ceilings are suspended ceiling systems specifically designed to accommodate acoustical ceiling tile, light fixtures, supply and return air grilles, fire sprinklers, and partitions attachments in a consistent, unified way.


30

The device that controls the volume of air and its distribution in an HVAC system is called a:

Register

31

Who would design the plumbing systems and possibly the fire-protection systems on a commercial project?

Mechanical engineer

32

A budget is always based and influenced by what three items?

Quantity, quality, money

33

In designing a new space, the interior designer can influence life safety the most by coordinating with consultants concerning:

Sprinklers

The interior designer would most likely be able to influence the design of sprinklers by coordinating with the mechanical or fire protection engineer during the construction documents phase of a project. For example, the interior designer could request that sprinklers be placed in certain positions or that additional sprinklers be installed. Compartmentation and smoke control are already designed by the architect and mechanical engineer in the original plans of the building, and there would be little the designer could do to change these elements. Fire detection is determined by the local building code and the type of building and occupancy, so little influence by the designer is possible.

34

Who establishes the construction allowance during tenant lease negations and what unit of measurement is used to calculate it?

The building owner, Rentable Square Feet (RSF)

The part that the landlord has agreed to fund is referred to as the Landlord Allowance or Construction Allowance.

Building owners calculate the Construction allowance by the rentable square foot (RSF); for example, $32.00 per rentable square foot.

35

What is the MOST important reason to include expert experiential knowledge from an architectural consultant firm?

They bring project-based observations and insights

36

The design and construction team has all gathered for a design meeting to discuss the project schedule.
The goal of this meeting is to gain the entire team’s input on timeline and designation of responsibility for tasks necessary for project completion.

What scheduling method would most likely be employed in this scenario?

Full wall schedule

The full wall schedule allows for all members of a team to view and discuss the different activities required to meet completion within the total project schedule.

37

What is a disadvantage of the departmental organization format?

Communication between departments about any particular project can be challenging

While the departmental organization is efficient and can take advantage of many types of specialists, communication between departments about any particular project can be a challenge.

38

What are two (2) critical areas of the Tenant Work Letter?

the construction allowance and the detailed explanation of what is included as well as the parameters under which the work is to be performed

The tenant work letter is an important part of any commercial lease. The letter serves as an agreement between the landlord and tenant that details the initial tenant improvements (TI) to be built.

The two critical areas of the tenant work letter are the construction allowance and a detailed explanation of what is included and the conditions under which the work will be performed.

39

All of the following are true about a low voltage lamp EXCEPT?

1. is a semiconductor device that uses solid-state electronics to create light

2. are another class of incandescent lamps

3. provide better beam control than a standard incandescent lamp

4. typically operate at 12V

Is a semiconductor device that uses solid-state electronics to create light

Not all low voltage lamps are LEDs, some incandescent and halogen lamps are designed to operate at a reduced voltage and are called low voltage lamps.

These lamps operate at a lower voltage than 120V, usually 12V. Because the filaments are thicker, they are also more compact, resulting in smaller lamps and lamps with better beam control.

A transformer is required to step down the line voltage. This results in a bulkier luminaire and higher initial cost.

A light-emitting diode (LED) is a semiconductor device that uses solid-state lighting that also includes organic light-emitting diodes and light-emitting polymers.

40

All buildings move to some extent, what type of joint is used accommodate large movements and are typically part of the building design?

Expansion joint

41

Two parallel sheets of glass with air space between which forms a layer of insulation and must be airtight to prevent condensation build-up describes what window type?

Double glazed window

42

Which surface finish provides the greatest NRC?

1. acoustical ceiling tile

2. plaster

3. 1/4" pile carpet

4. 1/2" pile carpet

Acoustical ceiling tile

Depending on the thickness, acoustic ceiling tile typically has the most sound absorbing qualities, from .6 to .9 NRC.

43

This is a representation of the shape and direction of the light coming from a luminaire. This distribution of light can be represented either numerically or graphically.

Candlepower

Directional luminaires and lamps are measured according to the direction and intensity of the light emitted from them. The intensity of a light source is measured in candlepower, which can be found in both a lamp and luminaire manufacturer's published catalogs.

Although not all interior designers are expected to calculate lighting levels, it is a good idea to have some estimation of the lighting level you are designing for and approximately how many luminaires you will need in a space in order to lay out a fairly accurate reflected ceiling plan. However, remember the calculations provided here are only estimates and do not replace accurate calculations when called for.

44

In which structural system do large members span between columns with smaller members framed into them?

Beam-and-girder system

In a beam-and-girder system, large members, called girders, span between columns and small beams are framed into them. The girders span shortened distances because they carry the weight of the beams. The beams span the longer distances and are framed into the girders.

45

STC rating is used to provide an evaluation of the building materials in terms of:

Acoustical quality

STC has to do with sound transmission loss of building materials and sound quality, while NRC has to with sound transmission loss, the area of the partitions surrounding the space, and increased absorption of sound.

46

What would NOT be allowed in an access floor with removable panel?

Plumbing

Computer cable and electrical conduit are commonly placed in raised access floors, used below computer rooms or where equipment must be kept cool. Duct work is also allowed. Plumbing is not allowed because pipe breaks can cause problems.

47

Typical commercial construction uses what stud size and spacing for partition construction?

2 1/2" or 3 5/8" metal studs spaced 24" on center

48

Costs that are not part of the professional services, but are necessary to complete the project such as telephone calls, travel expenses etc. are considered what type of expense?

Reimbursable expenses

Reimbursable expenses are costs that are not part of professional services but are necessary to complete the project.

These include things such as travel, telephone calls, and reproduction costs. It is important to itemize these so the client doesn't think they are part of the professional fees.

49

When designing a project in an unfamiliar city, what is the best source of cost data?

A local contractor who builds projects of a similar type

50

Under the Standard Form of Agreement, what activities are included in an interior designer’s services?

1. programming, schematic design, contract administration, and post-occupancy evaluation

2. financial feasibility study, design development, working drawing production, and contract administration

3. schematic design, assistance with bidding, contract administration, and furniture acceptance

4. design development, specification production, shop drawing review, and final punch list

Design development, specification production, shop drawing review, and final punch list

Post-occupancy evaluation is not considered a standard service. Financial feasibility studies are also not a standard service. The owner is responsible for furniture acceptance under the Standard Form of Agreement even though the interior designer may view the furniture when it arrives and help direct the installation. Therefore the best answer is design development, specifications, shop drawing review, and final punch list.

51

Which fee method would best protect a designer from unforeseen problems that might develop during design, construction or installation of the project?

Hourly rate

52

Which standard form includes contract information about the owner’s right to perform work separate from the main construction contract?

General Conditions of the Contract

The General Conditions of the Contract states that the owner has the right to perform work separate from the main construction contract.

53

Your contract with a client states that the interior design fee, a total of $40,000 will be billed and paid proportionately at each phase of the project as follows:

Retainer 10%
Programming 20%
Schematic design 20%
Design development 20%
Contract administration 20%
Final payment 10%

You are receiving the shop drawings from the millwork contractor.

How much of the fee has the client paid up to this point of the project?

$28,000

The millwork review is done during the contract administration phase of the project.

The phase completed amounts paid are:

Retainer: $4000.00
Programming: $8000.00
Schematic design: $8000.00
Design development $8000.00

This total is $28,000.00. You have not completed contract administration or reached the end of the project final payment.

54

Which subgroup of the MasterFormat Divisions are most often utilized by Interior Designers?

Facility Construction

55

Which of the following is more legally binding?

1. drawings

2. specifications

3. schedules

Specifications

The courts have held in many past cases that information in the specifications takes precedence over the other documents in the case of conflicts. This provision is often written into contracts.

56

In which CSI Master Format section would you most likely find stainless steel corner guards?

Division 10, Specialties

57

All of the following are important to remember when writing specifications except?

1. avoid exculpatory clauses that try to shift the responsibility to the contractor or someone else in a broad, general way

2. specifications are legal documents

3. do not include standards that cannot be measured

4. specify the results and the methods to achieve those results together

Specify the results and the methods to achieve those results together

Because specifications are legal documents as well as a way of communicating technical information, they must be complete, accurate, and unambiguous. The language must be precise. They should specify the end result required, but not the specific methods or means used to achieve those results, to prevent liability for third party claims.

58

What type of specification is the most complete and detailed type of specification, usually requiring a specialized employee or consultant to write them?

Master Specification

59

In the MasterFormat System, which of the following does not belong in Division 03 – Concrete?

1. Concrete restoration

2. Pre-cast concrete

3. Concrete block

4. Grout

Concrete block

Concrete block belongs to Division 04 – Masonry, along with brick, stone and other types of blocks (including glass blocks).

60

What is the owner’s responsibility when merchandise is delivered to the job site and the AIA document A251, General Conditions of the Contract for Furniture, Furnishings and Equipment is being used?

Inspecting delivered goods, but only for the purposes of identifying merchandise and verifying quantities

When merchandise is delivered to the job site and the American Institute of Architects (AIA) Document A251, General Conditions of the Contract for Furniture, Furnishings and Equipment, is used, the owner is responsible for inspecting delivered goods, but only for the purposes of identifying the merchandise and verifying quantities. Such inspections are not considered final or as constituting acceptance of or taking control over the merchandise. If damage is found, the owner must notify the contractor, who then has the opportunity to correct the situation.

61

Which of the following would not be included in the project notebook?

1. shop drawings

2. submittals

3. punch list

4. copy of all bonds

Copy of all bonds

In addition to completing the work, the contractor must also submit to the owner certain other items including bonds.

The interior designer does not keep a copy of the bonds as they are not the interior designer's responsibility. All of the other items would be part of a project notebook.

Do not confuse the project NOTEBOOK (Read more - Project Management) with the PROJECT MANUAL (Read more - Construction Specifications).

62

Who initiates project closeout procedures?

Contractor

63

When assigning responsibility to a design team member, the most important thing a project manager or designer needs to do is?

Give the team member the authority to make decisions and carry out actions

64

With the contract documents complete the owner is ready to initiate the construction administration phase of the design.

Typically this involves what agreement?

Bid contract between the owner and a selected contractor

The first step in starting the contract administration phase is finding a contractor and establishing an agreement between the owner and the contractor. Contracts between the owner and the contractor are established in one of two ways.

With a negotiated contract, the owner (with the possible assistance of the interior designer) selects a contractor to do the work. The contractor and owner then negotiate a price and other terms of their agreement. The contractor may be selected based on a previous working relationship, on the recommendations of others, or both. Negotiation is discussed later in this chapter.

With a bid contract (or tendered contract, in Canada), the drawings and specifications are completed by the interior designer (and other consultants, if necessary) and then sent to several general contractors who bid on the work defined by the contract documents. The owner (again, with the assistance of the interior designer) can then select the contractor based on cost as well as experience, schedule, and other criteria.

65

During the bidding process, you requested to hold an allowance for an art installation that would be installed in the central lobby of a high rise condo building.

Now the building is in construction and you have made final selection of the artist and piece to be installed.

The final cost will be $1200 less than the original allowance.

This $1200 deduct will be logged in the project as which of the following?

Bulletin

An allowance is a set amount of money estimated by the interior designer to cover a particular material or piece of equipment when the cost for that material or equipment cannot be determined precisely at the time of the bid or negotiated proposal. The contractor must add to the allowance the cost for unloading, handling, and installing the item as well as costs for the contractor’s overhead and profit. If the costs for the allowance are more the contract sum is adjusted accordingly by change order.

During the bidding process, there are always questions that need answers, errors that are discovered, and changes that the owner or interior designer decides to make.

An addendum is a written or graphic document issued by the interior designer before the execution of the contract that modifies or interprets the bidding documents by additions, deletions, clarifications, or corrections. If this is done after the execution of the contract, it is called a bulletin.

66

How can the project manager monitor the original project fee to ensure that the project is staying on budget?

Compare weekly timesheets with the original estimate

By monitoring time sheets weekly, the project manager can compare the actual hours (or fees) expended against the budgeted time (or fees) and take corrective action if actual time exceeds budgeted time.

67

What are the 3 ways in which changes in construction work are accomplished while a building is under construction?

1. By minor changes in work
2. By construction change directive
3. By formal change order

68

During the bidding process, the owner decides that they want to use carpeting instead of hardwood in their project. What should the interior designer do?

Issue an addendum to all bidders at least 4 days before bids are due

During the bidding process, there are always questions that need answers, errors that are discovered, and changes that the owner or interior designer decide to make.

An addendum is a written or graphic document issued by the interior designer before the execution of the contract that modifies or interprets the bidding documents by additions, deletions, clarifications or corrections. Addenda are issued during the bidding process before bids are submitted. When an addendum is issued, it is sent to all bidders no later than 4 days before receipt of bids to give all bidders ample opportunity to study the document and modify their proposals accordingly.

69

In order to receive periodic payments, what must the contractor issue to the interior designer?

Submit a notarized application for payment to the interior designer at least 10 days before the date established for each payment in the owner contract agreement

This application should include the value of work done up until the date of the application, and the value of any materials purchased and in storage, but not yet incorporated into the work.

70

What should the interior designer issue in order to allow the contractor extra time to complete a project because the owner asked for minor changes?

Change order

Anything that requires a change in contract cost of time must be approved with a change order. A construction change authorization and minor work order are only for minor changes that do not require a change in contract cost or time.

71

As outlined in the General Conditions of the Contract for Construction, who pays for any field tests/inspections beyond what is required in the contract documents?

Both the owner and the general contractor

Normally when tests or inspections are required by the contract documents or by law, regulations, building departments, etc., the contractor pays for the test or inspection.

If additional testing beyond what is required in the contract documents, the interior designer should instruct the contractor to make arrangements, but only after written authorization from the owner. In this case, the owner pays for the tests.

If a test shows that a portion of the work does not conform to the contract documents (including violating building codes or other laws), then the contractor must pay all costs required to correct the problem, including those of additional testing and compensation for the interior designer’s services.

72

When doing design work for remodeling toilet rooms to make them accessible, the designer finds that it is impossible to provide adequate clearance on one side of a door. What is the best course of action?

Specify a power-assisted door opener that meets accessibility standards, and incorporate this into the design

The solution that is least expensive and most sensitive to accessibility requirements is to provide a power-assisted door opener.

For all project types, the law requires that an attempt to meet the ADA Standards be made “to the maximum extent feasible.” If the alterations needed to meet the requirements are not “readily achievable,” both structurally and financially, the law allows for exceptions when the alteration could be considered an “undue burden.”

Many times these burdens are hard to determine. They are usually decided on a case-by-case basis by the regulating authority or the courts. It is typically the owner’s responsibility to provide the legal documentation to support this decision.

Legal cases between the DOJ and design firms suggest that the design professional and potentially others involved in the construction process may also have some legal responsibility for compliance with the ADA. However, the issue of responsibility under the law is sometimes unclear. Some legal actions have named the designer as the party responsible for compliance with the ADA.

73

On a hotel renovation project it is your responsibility to select the signage for all new meeting rooms in the conference center.

According to the ADA, which of the following signs would not be compliant?

1. signs with black upper and lower case lettering that is 2" (50.8 mm) high on a matte gold background

2. signs with white upper case lettering that is 1" (25.4 mm) high on a matte black background

3. signs with black upper case san serif font on a matte cream background

4. signs with black lettering in a san serif font that range in height from 5/8" (15.88 mm) to 2" (50.8 mm) h

Signs with black upper and lower case lettering that is 2" (50.8 mm) high on a matte gold background

The ADA requires that identification, directional, and informational signs meet certain specifications. Permanent rooms and spaces must be identified with signs having lettering from 5/8” to 2" (16 mm to 51 mm) high, depending on the viewing distance.

Lettering must be uppercase, in san serif or simple serif type accompanied with Grade 2 Braille. If pictograms are used, they must be at least 6 in (150 mm) high and be accompanied by the equivalent verbal description, placed directly below the pictogram. Signs must have an eggshell, matte, or other non glare finish with characters and symbols contrast with the background.

74

How many fire extinguishers are required in an office suite that measures 6100 sq ft (566 m2)?

3 - The minimum number of fire extinguishers MUST be calculated based on one (1) fire extinguisher per 3000 sq. ft. (280 m2).

75

When selecting the upholstery and window treatment fabrics for a hotel lobby design, which of the following standards would NOT be a consideration for the fabric?

1. NFPA 257

2. Cal TB 116

3. Cigarette Ignition Resistance Test of Furniture components

4. Vertical Ignition Test

NFPA 257

All of these tests relate to the flammability of fabrics with the exception of NFPA 257, the Standard for Fire test for window and glass block assemblies.

This fire and hose stream test establishes fire protection, in units of time, for window openings in fire-resistive walls. It determines the degree of protection from the spread of fire, including flame, heat and hot gases.

76

A retail space you are currently designing has an existing condition of a 1’ vertical step across the entire width of the space.

In order to provide an accessible route to this area of the store without having to provide a ramp, what is the minimum clear space needed?

36"W x 240"L with a slope of 1:20

77

How high should an accessible (barrier free) toilet be mounted?

17" - 19" AFF

78

What program promotes the marketplace visibility of sustainable products, services, and organizations, as well as providing independent green claims validation, product certification, training, and advisory services and standards development?

Underwriters Laboratories (UL) Environment

79

What is the occupancy load of a 2600 (242 m2) sq ft office suite that has an occupancy load factor of 100?

26

The occupant load is the number of people that a building code assumes will occupy a given building or portion of a building. To determine the occupant load you must divide the total square footage by the occupancy load factor. In this example the total area or sq. footage is 2600 sq ft (242 m2) is divided by the 100 occupant load factor to arrive at a 26 occupant load.

80

Wood flooring will expand when it becomes damp. What type of materials can be used in the subfloor installation to prevent moisture from seeping up and to allow for expansion?

#15 asphalt felt and polyethylene film

Because wood swells if it gets damp, provisions must be made to prevent moisture from seeping up from below and to allow for expansion of the completed floor... A layer of polyethylene film is laid down first if moisture may be a problem. A layer of #15 asphalt felt may be laid to prevent squeaking and act as a vapor barrier.

81

You have contracted with a custom woodworker to create a conference table with a fine quality wood finish that shows minimal grain.

Which veneer cut would result in the least veneer waste, but be the least desirable to use for the table?

Rotary slicing

With rotary slicing, the log is mounted on a lathe and turned against a knife, which peels off a continuous layer of veneer.

This produces a very pronounced grain pattern that is often undesirable in fine quality wood finishes, although it does produce the most veneer with the least waste.

82

When the interior designer does not want furniture to be delivered to the designer’s office, the designer should complete a?

Drop ship order

A drop ship order is simply a purchase order requesting that merchandise be delivered somewhere other than the address of the person or company ordering the merchandise.

83

What testing method and standard is used for interior wall and ceiling textile finishes?

ASTM E-84 Steiner Tunnel Test

84

Which of the following correctly orders the paperwork necessary during the procurement process for furniture:

1. sales agreement, purchase order, acknowledgment, bill of lading, packing list

2. purchase order, acknowledgement, sales agreement, bill of lading, freight bill

3. sales agreement, acknowledgment, purchase order, packing list, freight bill

4. purchase order, sales agreement, acknowledgment, bill of lading, packing list

Sales agreement, purchase order, acknowledgment, bill of lading, packing list

The first step after the furniture and other goods have been selected is to receive a sales agreement or contract proposal signed by the client. This obligates the client to pay for the items listed in the agreement.

Once the agreement is signed, a purchase order (PO) is written and sent to the manufacturer that lists the items to be purchased.

After the manufacturer receives the PO, they send the designer an acknowledgement to confirm they received it and to indicate how they interpreted it. This document will also include the scheduled shipping date and how the consignment will be shipped.

As the merchandise is shipped, the carrier also transports a bill of lading that lists the contents of the shipment. When the truck arrives at the final destination, the number of items should be checked against the bill of lading to make sure they match.

A packing list, which is a detailed list of the number and description of items in the shipment, will be sealed in an envelope attached to one of the items shipped. This should be checked against the items and the bill of lading.

The freight bill is an invoice from the shipping company for the cost of shipping.

85

What is the first thing that the permit process requires?

Application for permit

The first step is the application for permit. If the permit request is not approved, the designer can make a formal appeal stating how the design complies with the intent of the code. If approved, a variance is issued.

86

The bid form sent to all bidders should ask for what type of information?

amount of base bid, price for alterations, unit prices, number of calendar or work days in which the bidder proposes to complete the work, acknowledgement for receipt of any addenda, signature of someone legally empowered to bind the contractor to the contract

To ensure that all bids will be identical in format, there should be a standard form on which all the bidders enter the required information.

The bid form should contain space for the amount of the base bid, the price for alternates (if any), unit prices (if any) and the number of calendar or work days in which the bidder proposes to complete the work.

Space should be provided for the bidder to acknowledge receipt of any addenda.

The bid form must be signed by someone legally empowered to bind the contractor to the owner contract.

87

Which does not happen during project close-out?

1. verify that all operating instructions, guarantees, maintenance procedures are forwarded to client

2. verify correction of punch list items

3. assist with move-in as outlined in agreement

4. respond to owner's questions and problems during "shakedown" period immediately after move-in

Verify correction of punch list items

During the contract administration phase the interior designer is responsible for verifying the correction of punch list items. The project close out phase happens after the contract administration phase.

88

An interior designer is working with a client to demise a larger vacant suite into two smaller suites on a multi-tenant leased floor in order to give their client the square footage they require to operate their business.

What might the building owner need from the interior designer in order to calculate how much rent the client/tenant will pay for their newly demised suite?

The client's occupant area

The amount a tenant pays for a leased space is determined by the rentable area. The rentable area is a product of the tenant’s occupant area and a load factor to account for the shared portions of the building.

When an interior designer is working on a space plan for a client, they are dealing with the occupant area – the actual area used/occupied by the client.

The building owners require the occupant area so they can apply the appropriate load factor to obtain rentable area for that particular tenant, and therefore know what to charge them in rent.

89

You are designing a small project that measures 20′ (6096 mm) x 16′ (4877 mm).

The total FF&E budget is $18,000. You have spent $15,000 for furniture and equipment and $1900.00 for painting and wall coverings (installed).

How much per yard can you spend on carpet that is 12′ (3658 mm) wide?

$25.50

Subtract the amount spent from the total budget to get the budget remaining

$18,000 - $16,900 = $1,100.

Calculate linear feet of carpet needed to cover 20 x 16 space

(16 + 16 = 32 linear feet).

Multiply linear feet by 12 to get total square feet needed then divide by 9

(32 x 12 = 384 sq feet divided by 9 = 42.6 sq yds).

Divide budget available by sq yds.

(1100 divided by 42.6 = 25.82)

If we want we could divide by 43 and change answer to 25.58 or 25.50

90

As measured from the nosing, a handrail for barrier-free design must have a height of:

As measured from the nosing, a handrail for barrier-free design must be 34 in to 38 in high.

ADA 505.4 Height. Top of gripping surfaces of handrails shall be 34 inches (865 mm) minimum and 38 inches (965 mm) maximum vertically above walking surfaces, stair nosings, and ramp surfaces. Handrails shall be at a consistent height above walking surfaces, stair nosings, and ramp surfaces.

91

You are converting a retail warehouse into a new coworking space and suspect that areas of the existing ceiling contains asbestos. What do you do next?

Note: None of the ceiling material is friable or airborne, but is completely intact.

have asbestos removed by a licensed contractor certified for this type of work

Testing for asbestos and mitigation efforts must be done by an accredited company following strict procedures. In many cases if the asbestos has not been disturbed it can be left in place because EPA and OSHA have determined that intact and undisturbed materials do not pose a health risk. The asbestos may be encapsulated to protect it from becoming friable or from accidental damage.

During building demolition or renovation, the EPA does require asbestos removal. This must be done by a licensed contractor certified for this type of work.

92

Partitions that demise an Assembly Occupancy of how many sq ft or m2 must be 1 hour rated?

750 sq ft

93

Water conservation is a primary goal for the current project that you are working on.

You could use all of the following except which to reach this goal?

1. use low flow shower heads and faucets

2. increase the use of potable water

3. appropriate plant selection

4. use high efficiency toilets

Increase the use of potable water

Potable water, which is suitable for drinking, is one of the resources LEED seeks to conserve. Potable water comes from wells or municipal water systems.

94

Not every condition can be covered in a standard document, like General Conditions of the Contract for Construction and General Conditions of the Contract for Furnishing and therefore, would require the addition of what?

Supplementary conditions of the contract

95

A direct personnel expense or DPE multiplier and a net multiplier would be used when calculating?

Billing rate

Billing rates are determined based on the amount of money an employee is paid (salary rate) plus the costs for the employee’s fringe benefits, plus the cost of office overhead, plus allowance for profit. A net multiplier is used to determine the billing rates.

The net multiplier is a factor derived by dividing net revenue of the design firm) no consultants or reimbursable) by the cost of direct labor. It covers fringe benefits, indirect labor, overhead and profit. For most design firms, this value is generally from 2.7 to 3.0. Related to the net multiplier is a multiple based on direct personnel expense or DPE.

With DPE, the costs of providing taxes, benefits and the like are included with the employee’s base salary. The multiplier is then calculated to account for indirect labor and profit. Because benefits are already included in the DPE, the multiplier is slightly less than the net multiplier.

96

Why might a principal of a design firm have a lower chargeable ratio than a junior interior designer working at the same firm?

The principal spends more time on work related to general management and promoting and marketing for the firm

The chargeable ratio is the percentage of time spent on direct labor divided by the total time spent on direct + indirect labor. A higher chargeable ratio means more time spent on project work. Typically in a firm, the principal spends more time on marketing, managing and promoting and less time on projects. Other interior designers (including junior interior designers) spend more of their time on projects.

97

In which building type are fire-resistive construction requirements likely to be the MOST restrictive?

Type I

Every building is classified into one of five major types of construction based on the fire resistance of certain building components.

Under the IBC, these components included the structural frame, interior and exterior bearing walls, and floor and roof construction. The five types of construction are Types I, II, III, IV and V.

Type I buildings are the most fire resistive, while Type V are the least fire resistive.

98

In residential construction, outlets must be spaced no farther than how many feet apart?

12 ft

99

In general, fire door assemblies are rated at ___________ of the rating of the surrounding wall.

3/4

In general, door assemblies are rated at three-fourths of the rating of the surrounding wall. For example, a 3-hour fire door is used in a 4-hour rated wall, and a 1-1/2-hour fire door is used in a 2-hour rated wall. However, it is acceptable to use a door with a higher fire rating than the opening requires.

100

To minimize conflicts in the contract documents, what is the LEAST important action the interior designer can take?

1. Write the specifications after the drawings are essentially complete.

2. Have someone check the drawings before they are issued.

3. Make sure terminology in the specifications is the same as in the drawings.

4. Show only dimensions on the drawings.

Write the specifications after the drawings are essentially complete

The specifications should be outlined and begun while the drawings are being done. The specifications writer and the job captain should be in constant contact while both documents are being completed, to minimize conflicts.

101

Which would be the best type of specification to use if a designer is looking for the most economical carpeting that is durable and meets the following testing standards: ASTM E-648, ASTM E-662?

Performance specification

102

What type of floor plan related to health and safety is posted in public and commercial buildings?

Egress plan

103

During furniture delivery to the fifth floor of a building, elevator transportation is the responsibility of whom?

Owner

As stated in the General Conditions of the Contract for Furniture, Furnishings and Equipment, the owner must provide vertical transportation necessary for the execution of the work.

104

Before preparing construction documents, the interior designer should verify if any particular types of lighting fixtures are required by coordinating with whom?

Building owner

105

What structural drawing components are also found on an interior designer’s drawings?

Outline of structural walls, columns, and framing

106

On a new design and construction project, what is CPM best used for?

Identifying final delivery date of consultant drawings

107

Which of the following tasks is an interior designer not responsible for when acting as prime consultant?

1. Informing consultants of any design decisions that may have code implications

2. Being liable to the owner for the consultant’s work

3. Ensuring that each consultant’s work complies with applicable codes

4. Coordinate activities of various consultants involved in the project

Being liable to the owner for the consultant's work

Although the interior designer is responsible for ensuring that drawings and specifications conform to the applicable codes, the consultants are responsible for code compliance regarding their area of work.

Once the consultants are retained, the interior designer should inform the appropriate consultants about the applicable code requirements. The interior designer is also responsible for informing the consultants of any design decisions that may have code implications.

Although the interior designer is responsible for ensuring that the drawings and specifications conform to the applicable codes, the consultants are responsible for code compliance regarding their area of work in the same way the interior designer is responsible to the owner.

108

All of the following steps are the responsibility of the interior designer during project close out except?

1. verify issuance of certificate of occupancy

2. respond to owner's questions and problems during period immediately after move in process

3. verify owner has received all lien waivers

4. final application and certificate for payment

Verify issuance of certificate of occupancy

Besides completing the work, the contractor must also submit to the owner certain other items including the Certificate of Occupancy (CO) as issued by the building department (part of the permit process originally paid for by the contractor).

During project close out the designer is responsible for all of these items except the issuing of the Certificate of Occupancy.

109

You are coordinating your lighting fixtures on an RCP with the mechanical plans.

In which scenario will it be difficult for a mechanical engineer to make an adjustment to their plans when it conflicts with your RCP?

1. All of these

2. Relocate a mixing box to increase the ceiling height

3. Relocate an air-supply diffuser to another area in the ceiling grid that does not conflict with even spacing of a lay-in light fixtur

4. Relocate a sprinkler head that is located where a recessed light is scheduled to be placed

Relocating a mixing box to increase the ceiling height

A mixing box adjusts the quantity or temperature of air going into a space from the main air supply lines, reduces the velocity of air, and attenuates noise.

They may interfere with light fixture placement and other recessed ceiling items, but because of their size and connection with ductwork and thermostats, mixing boxes are often expensive and difficult to move.

110

You are having an initial meeting with the MEP consultants to review drawings and proposed specifications for a new Moroccan theme restaurant.
What factors should you be most aware of when reviewing the ceiling design?

1. ceiling height and location of structural beams

2. UL listing of Moroccan chandeliers

3. location and number of smoke detectors

4. location of air supply in relation to suspended artwork

Ceiling height and location of beams

The ceiling height and location of structural elements is the most important factor determining the space available in the plenum for correct specification of all lighting and ceiling design elements.

The MEP consultant can work the smoke detectors, air supply and return grilles around the planned design, which will be reviewed by the designer for any conflicts. Imported fixtures can be rewired to be UL listed and are often a less expensive option than custom designed fixtures in small quantities.

111

The project manager is involved in the initial determination of the scope of work and estimation of fees.

Which of the following is not under the project manager’s responsibility during this phase?

1. Quality Planning

2. Time Planning

3. Monitoring

4. Fee Projection

Monitoring

Though the project manager is responsible for monitoring which is keeping track of the progress of the job to see if the planned aspects of time, fee and quality are being accomplished, this responsibility falls during the progress of the project rather than the initial phase of planning for time, fees and quality.

112

The client wants to hire the best contractor for a project at the best price and limit companies who do not have a history of successful completion of similar projects. The interior designer should suggest what type of bid document?

Prequalification of bidders

Prequalifying bidders would encourage competitive bidding while only allowing those bidders that the owner and interior designer thought were most qualified.

113

Upon being notified that a project is ready for closeout, what should the interior designer do?

Conduct a punch list

114

Emergency lighting requirements for means of egress require a minimum lighting level of ______________ at the floor level upon initial operation.

1 footcandle

IBC 1008.2.1 Illumination level under normal power.
The means of egress illumination level shall be not less than 1 footcandle (11 lux) at the walking surface.

115

Which statement below is the MOST accurate about a corridor if the corridor is 30 feet long and 15 feet wide?

1. Either end of the corridor should be no further than 75' from the exit.

2. The corridor may be a dead end corridor, but if not limited in length.

3. The corridor is too long.

4. The corridor is too short and should be extended to be at least 200 feet long.

The corridor may be a dead end corridor, but if not limited in length.

Dead ends are not limited in length where the length of the corridor is less than 2 1/2 times the narrowest part of the dead-end corridor.

If the corridor is disproportionately wide compared to its length, it’s really not very much like a corridor at all.

For example: If the corridor is 30 feet long, but it is 15 feet wide, then 15 times 2-1/2 is 37-1/2 feet. The 30 foot length is shorter than this. Picture these dimensions in your head (or draw them!) to see, really this is more of a usable SPACE rather than a corridor.

The definition of corridor is a portion of an exit access and therefore used for egress.

Read more: Means of Egress, Corridors

IBC 1018.4 Dead ends.
Where more than one exit or exit access doorway is required, the exit access shall be arranged such that there are no dead ends in corridors more than 20 feet (6096 mm) in length.

Exceptions:

In occupancies in Group I-3 of Occupancy Condition 2, 3 or 4 (see Section 308.5), the dead end in a corridor shall not exceed 50 feet (15 240 mm).
In occupancies in Groups B, E, F, I-1, M, R-1, R-2, R-4, S and U, where the building is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1, the length of the dead-end corridors shall not exceed 50 feet (15 240 mm).
A dead-end corridor shall not be limited in length where the length of the dead-end corridor is less than 2.5 times the least width of the dead-end corridor.

116

When the entrance to a building is 20″ above grade, what is the minimum length for a ramp?

20'-0"

ADA.gov 405.2 Slope. Ramp runs shall have a running slope not steeper than 1:12.

405.6 Rise. The rise for any ramp run shall be 30 inches (760 mm) maximum.

So 1 / 12 = 20 / X
X=12 x 20 / 1= 240 inches
240 inches/12 = 20 feet

117

To specify an acceptable type of wallcovering, which of the following tests should the designer require that the wallcovering pass?

Steiner tunnel test (ASTM E84)

The Steiner tunnel test (ASTM E84) is used to measure the flammability of wall finishes and is the test most often required in building codes.

The methenamine pill test is for carpet.

The smoke density test does not measure flame spread, which is of vital importance.

The vertical ignition test is for window coverings.

118

Which is used to determine the number of exits required in a space?

Occupant load

119

An office tenant space design currently meets the maximum occupancy load allowed on the floor due to the egress counts provided by the exit widths and stairs of the existing building.

The client would like to adjust the design to add a training room in the space.

What must be done to ensure the occupant load does not grow to exceed the maximum allowed?

Make sure the total area of the training room does not exceed an occupant load of 49

The IBC And NFPA codes use an occupancy of 50 people or more as the cutoff point for assembly occupancies. In many cases, the codes will allow any assembly-type use with an occupant load less than 50 to be considered as the same occupancy type that it serves.

If the training room served more than 50 occupants it would have to be reclassified as an Assembly Occupancy changing its load factor from 100 gross to 15 net which would increase the occupant load of the space.

120

Accessible (barrier free) mirrors must be mounted with the edge of the reflective surface no higher than how many inches/millimeters AFF:

40"

121

The designer for the interior furnishings of a large public hospital project financed with bond money has assisted the city government in preparing the bidding documents.

When the bids from five qualified contractors are opened, they are all over budget, ranging from 4% to 10% over the approved costs. What should the designer do?

Begin to study ways to reduce the project scope so it meets the budget

Because bond money is a fixed amount, the budget must be met. Rebidding takes additional time and does not guarantee that the new bids will be any better; in fact, they may be higher because prices will probably increase in the time it takes to rebid.

The designer may want to wait for direction from the city, but the project must go forward. The amounts of the bids are so close to the budget that it is likely that costs could be reduced by 4% with some adjustments in the scope of the project.

122

Based on the type of services provided, what might a designer need to add to a standard-owner agreement?

Purchasing agreement

Purchasing Agreements, if any.

If the interior designer will be buying furniture and fixtures and reselling them to the client, any agreement should clearly state the designer’s responsibilities, as well as the client’s responsibilities for final payment, acceptance of the work, rejection of damaged goods, payment of delivery and installation costs, payment of deposits and methods of purchasing furniture and equipment.

Any agreement or contract should be consistent with the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) and with any specific laws of the state in which the designer is practicing.

The AIA standard forms state that if the interior designers will purchase furniture and equipment on behalf of the owner, the duties and compensation for such additional services must be set forth in a separate document.

123

A design firm has just contracted to design a 3 person medical practice. This is the 6th of the same type of project the firm has designed in the last 12 months. Which fee method would be most appropriate to use for this project?

Percentage of project cost

A percentage of project costs is the most appropriate for projects where the interior designer can accurately anticipate the amount of work required and has a good idea of the expected cost of the project.

124

Which of the following would be the MOST appropriate types of marketing to use for a new firm just beginning marketing efforts?

Corporate identity package, capabilities brochure and website

A corporate identification package includes stationery, business cards and other basic items with a firm’s name and address on them. A capabilities brochure and website are basic tools used to inform prospective clients about a firm and the types of jobs it can do.

125

After meeting with clients to make changes to the tile design in the bath, the designer meets with the contractor and tile supplier to convey the intended changes. What is the legal concept that the designer is practicing?

Agency

The legal concept of agency is that one person, the "agent" acts on behalf of another, the "principal" in dealings with another "third party".

In interior design, the agent is the interior designer, the principal, the owner or client and the third party is the contractor or vendor.

126

What is one of the most important reports used by an interior design firm to monitor project progress, revenue and expenses and can be used to take corrective action for finances?

Project progress report

In addition to the basic accounting reports, one of the most important types of reports for interior design firms is the project progress report.

The project progress report shows the hours and labor costs for each phase of a project for the current reporting period as well as the amount to date and compares these numbers with estimated hours and dollars. Direct costs for consultants, overhead allocations, and reimbursable expenses, are also shown.

These reports give the project manager and management an accurate look at the status of a project and can be used to take corrective action as necessary.

127

In general, fire door assemblies are rated at ___________ of the rating of the surrounding wall.

three-fourths