II - Epithelium Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in II - Epithelium Deck (111):
1

Epithelium: Type 1 pneumocytes of alveoli

simple squamous

2

Epithelium: endothelium of BVs

simple squamous

3

Epithelium: parietal layer of Bowman's capsule

simple squamous

4

Epithelium: mesothelium of all body cavities

simple squamous

5

Epithelium: corneal endothelium

simple squamous

6

Epithelium: skin

stratified squamous (cornified)

7

Epithelium: oral cavity

stratified squamous (non-cornified)

8

Epithelium: esophagus

stratified squamous (non-cornified)

9

Epithelium: corneal epithelium

stratified squamous (non-cornified)

10

Epithelium: anus below valves

stratified squamous (non-cornified)

11

Epithelium: vagina up to ectocervix

stratified squamous (non-cornified)

12

Epithelium: female urethra

stratified squamous (non-cornified)

13

Epithelium: male urethra - fossa navicularis

stratified squamous (non-cornified)

14

Epithelium: organs constantly exposed to fluids and other substances

squamous

15

Epithelium: skin, tongue, lips

keratinized/cornified squamous

16

Epithelium: respiratory bronchioles

simple cuboidal

17

Epithelium: thyroid follicular cells

simple cuboidal

18

Epithelium: germinal epithelium of ovaries

simple cuboidal

19

Epithelium: lens

simple cuboidal

20

Epithelium: pigment layer of the retina

simple cuboidal

21

Epithelium: sweat glands

stratified cuboidal

22

Epithelium: developing ovarian follicles

stratified cuboidal

23

Epithelium: lining small ducts and tubules that have excretory, secretory and absorptive functions

cuboidal

24

Epithelium: active (pumping material in or out of the lumen) or passive

cuboidal

25

Epithelium: germinal epithelium that produces egg cells and sperm cells

cuboidal

26

Epithelium: pulmonary bronchioles

simple columnar

27

Epithelium: uterus and fallopian tubes

simple columnar

28

Epithelium: stomach to anal valves

simple columnar

29

Epithelium: lining of excretory ducts and gland

simple columnar

30

Epithelium: male urethra except fossa navicularis

stratified columnar

31

Epithelium: upper respiratory tract

ciliated pseudostratified columnar

32

Epithelium: trachea

ciliated pseudostratified columnar

33

Epithelium: primary bronchi

ciliated pseudostratified columnar

34

Epithelium: epididymis

non-ciliated pseudostratified columnar

35

Epithelium: vas deferens

non-ciliated pseudostratified columnar

36

Epithelium: organs that absorb and secrete substances

columnar

37

Epithelium: more absorptive function

simple columnar

38

Epithelium: rare, large salivary glands, most of male urethra

stratified columnar

39

Epithelium: actually a single layer of cells with nuclei in various locations to appear stratified

pseudostratified columnar

40

Epithelium: giant microvilli in the epididymis

stereocilia

41

Epithelium: renal calyces

transitional

42

Epithelium: renal pelvis

transitional

43

Epithelium: ureters

transitional

44

Epithelium: bladder

transitional

45

Epithelium: urinary system

urothelium (transitional)

46

Epithelium: accomodates fluctuations of volume of liquid in organs and tubes

urothelium (transitional)

47

Epithelium: protects organs from caustic effects of urine

urothelium (transitional)

48

Epithelium: endothelium

simple squamous

49

Epithelium: mesothelium

simple squamous

50

Epithelium: intestinal

non-ciliated simple columnar

51

Epithelium: respiratory

ciliated pseudostratified columnar

52

Epithelium: germinal

simple cuboidal

53

Epithelium: urothelium

transitional

54

Epithelium: corneal epithelium

stratified squamous (non-cornified)

55

Epithelium: corneal endothelium

simple squamous

56

Simple Exocrine Glands: intestinal

simple tubular

57

Simple Exocrine Glands: merocrine sweat glands

simple coiled tubular

58

Simple Exocrine Glands: gastric

simple branched tubular

59

Simple Exocrine Glands: mucous glands of esophagus, tongue and duodenum

simple branched tubular

60

Simple Exocrine Glands: stage in embryonic development of simple branched glands

simple alveolar (acinar)

61

Simple Exocrine Glands: sebaceous

simple branched alveolar

62

Compound Exocrine Glands: oral mucous glands

compound tubular

63

Compound Exocrine Glands: bulbo-urethral glands

compound tubular

64

Compound Exocrine Glands: seminiferous tubules in testes

compound tubular

65

Compound Exocrine Glands: mammary

compound alveolar (acinar)

66

Compound Exocrine Glands: salivary

compound tubuloalveolar

67

Compound Exocrine Glands: glands of respiratory passages

compound tubuloalveolar

68

Compound Exocrine Glands: pancreas

compound tubuloalveolar

69

Secretion: merocrine, mixes with water to produce mucus

mucin

70

Secretion: effective lubricant, protective barrier, sticky trap for foreign particles and microorganism

mucus

71

Secretion: product is released from secretory vesicles by exocytosis, most common

merocrine

72

Secretion: loss of cytoplasm (apex) as well as secretory product in vesicles

apocrine

73

Secretion: milk production

merocrine & apocrine

74

Secretion: destroys the gland cell, replenished by stem cells

holocrine

75

Basal Cell Surface: invaginations of the cell membrane that contain the ion pumps and in close association with the mitochondria, PCT, DCT, salivary gland ducts

basal infoldings

76

Basal Cell Surface: anchor epithelial cells to the underlying basal lamina, bullous pemphigoid

hemidesmosomes

77

Basal Cell Surface: type IV collagen, barrier between epithelium and connective tissue, filter, regeneration

basal lamina

78

Lateral Cell Surface: prevents or retards diffusion of material across an epithelium via the pericellular pathway

zonula occludens

79

Lateral Cell Surface: tight or leaky

zonula occludens

80

Lateral Cell Surface: rapidly formed and disassembled during leukocyte migration across epithelium

zonula occludens

81

Lateral Cell Surface: insertion of actin filaments from a terminal web

zonula adherens

82

Lateral Cell Surface: attach 2 adjoining cells with an attachment plaque called desmoplakin

desmosomes (macula adherens)

83

Lateral Cell Surface: involved in pemphigus vulgaris

desmosomes (macula adherens)

84

Lateral Cell Surface: metabolic and electrical coupling of cells, in nearly all tissues except skeletal muscles, deficient in cancer cells

gap junctions (nexus)

85

Zonula Occludens: blood-brain barrier

tight junction

86

Zonula Occludens: glomerulus

leaky junction

87

Parts of the brain not protected by BBB

roof of 3rd & 4th ventricle, roof of diencephalon, pineal gland

88

Drug that bypasses BBB, opens BBB by shrinking the endothelial cells and simultaneously stretching the tight junctions

Mannitol

89

Autoimmune Blistering: desmosome, (+) Nikolsky sign, skin, oral mucosa

Pemphigus Vulgaris

90

Autoimmune Blistering: hemidesmosome, (-) Nikolsky sign, skin

Bullous Pemphigoid

91

Slight rubbing of skin results in exfoliation of the outermost layer

Nikolsky Sign

92

Nikolsky Sign: TEN (Lyell Disease)

positive

93

Apical Cell Surface: prokaryotic locomotion

cilia

94

Apical Cell Surface: sensory functions and movement of fluid in eukaryotes

cilia

95

Apical Cell Surface: microtubules and dynein ATPase

cilia

96

Apical Cell Surface: back and forth motion

cilia

97

Apical Cell Surface: locomotion of cell, propeller-like movement

flagella

98

Apical Cell Surface: actin, brush border

microvilli

99

Apical Cell Surface: long microvilli in vas deferens, hair cells of inner ear, epididymis

stereocilia

100

Apical Cell Surface: special type of cilium on hair cells in sensory epithelium of the inner ear

kinocilium

101

Microorganisms that use flagella

H. pylori, G. lamblia, Vibrio

102

Reproductive cell that uses flagella

sperm

103

Disease due to immotile cells

Kartagener Syndrome

104

Infertility, reduced/absent mucociliary clearance, chronic sinusitis, situs inversus (dextrocardia)

Kartagener Syndrome

105

Main defect in Kartagener Syndrome

dynein arms of cilia and flagella

106

Apical Cell Surface: motile cell process with microtubule

flagella

107

Apical Cell Surface: increase surface area

microvilli

108

Apical Cell Surface: longer than cilia, locomotive

flagella

109

Apical Cell Surface: propels single cells

flagella

110

Apical Cell Surface: movement and transport of fluid

cilia

111

Apical Cell Surface: absorption, secretion, adhesion, mechanical transduction

microvilli