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Flashcards in Immigrants Deck (37)
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1

An ____ is a person who lives in a country where he or she is not a citizen

alien

2

An______ is a person who comes to a new country intending to live there permanently

immigrant

3

United States law classifies aliens into five different categories:

1. Resident aliens is a person from a foreign nation who has established permanent residence in the US
2. A non-resident alien is a person from a foreign country who expects to stay in the US for a short, specified period of time
3. An enemy alien is a citizen of a nation with which the US is at war
4. Refugees are people fleeing to escape persecution or danger
5. An illegal alien is a person who comes to the US without a legal permit

4

The protections that ______ guarantees applies to aliens as well as citizens

the Bill of Rights

5

In 1982, the _____ ruled that the state of Texas could not deny free public education to children of illegal aliens

Supreme Court

6

_____ cannot vote and are exempt from military and jury duty

Aliens

7

______ are not guaranteed the right to travel freely in the US

Aliens

8

ALL aliens are required to notify the ______ and ____ when they change their residence

US Citizenship and Immigration Services

9

_______ clearly assigns Congress the power to control immigration policy

The Constitution

10

________ passed the first major federal immigration law that barred entrance to people such as the mentally handicapped, convicts, and paupers

In 1882 Congress

11

Congress also passed the _______ which restricted the admission of Chinese laborers

Chinese Exclusion Act

12

______ marked the first time a federal law had restricted either immigration or citizenship on the basis of nationality or ethnicity

The Chinese Exclusion Act

13

_________, known as the Johnson Act, lowered the number of immigrants allowed into the country less than 165,000 per year.

The Immigration Act of 1924

14

It also favored immigrants from _______.

northern and western Europe.

15

The national origins system gave countries such as ______ and _____ high quotas.

England and Ireland

16

In 1965 the law set up two categories of immigrants:

1. Those who could come from countries of the Eastern Hemisphere.
2. Those who could come from the Western Hemisphere.

17

Higher preferences would be given to persons whose skills would be “________.”

especially advantageous to the United States

18

Congress passed the_____ and _______.

Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986

19

______ provided a way for illegal immigrants to become permanent residents and citizens, as well as punishment for employers who hire illegal immigrants.

Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986

20

______ who can show that they entered the U.S. before Jan. 1, 1982, and have resided continuously in the country since then may apply for amnesty.

Aliens

21

______ is a general pardon the government offer to illegal aliens.

Amnesty

22

By 1990, ______ to the United States were coming from Asia and Latin America.

85% of immigrants

23

The act established a limit on immigrants from any single country to no more than ____ of the annual visas.

7%

24

___________ encouraged immigration of workers with “extraordinary abilities.”

The Immigration Act of 1990

25

Special immigrants fall into three groups:

1. Refugees displaced by war
2. close relatives to the US citizens
3. those admitted through private laws passed by Congress.

26

_______ is one that applies to a particular person.

Private law

27

Every citizen of the United States goes through a process _______.

naturalization

28

______ is the legal process by which a person is granted the rights and privileges of a citizen.

Naturalization

29

______ in 1857 challenged the basis of state citizenship.

Dred Scott vs. Stanford

30

The______ ruled that Scott could not bring legal suit in federal court because he was not a citizen.

Supreme Court

31

_______ hoped that the Court’s decision would begin a “chain of events” that would produce a “complete overthrow of the whole slave system.”

Fredrick Douglas

32

The _______ to the Constitution overruled the Dred Scott Decision.

14th Amendment

33

The are three basic sources of US citizenship:

1. Birth on American soil
2. Naturalization
3. Being born to a parent who is a US citizenship

34

______ is a latin phrase that means “law of the soil”

Jus Soli

35

_____ grants citizenship to nearly all people born in the United States or in American territories.

Jus Soli

36

All immigrants who wish to become American citizens must go through ______.

naturalization

37

_______ means the “law of blood”

Jus sanguinis