Flashcards in Immigration Deck (32):
What is the definition of emigrate?
To leave your country of origin to live permanently to another
What is the definition of immigrate?
To move permanently to a country other than one's native country
What are some examples of push factors?
War, absense of human rights, natural disasters
What are some examples of pull factors?
Job opportunities, lower taxes, freedom of speech and religion
What are some examples of intervening obstacles?
Great distances, expensive to travel, family separation
What are the 3 most popular cities for immigrants?
Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver
Why do people settle in urban places?
Jobs, easily accessible, variety of cultures, lots of buildings
Pros to having immigrants?
More workers, learn about other cultures, reputation as a generous country, more people to pay taxes, more skills, population grows to make more jobs
Investors must have _______ and ___/100 points before they can come to Canada
$1 600 000 and 37/100
What is multiculturalism?
A society that encourages interest in many cultures rather than in only one
Why does Canada NEED immigrants?
1. To keep apace for both economic and political reasons
2. To supply skilled workers to support boomers
3. The need for international prescense
What does Canada look for in immigrants?
Political and personal suitability, skilled in occupations needed by Canada, weather & ambitious, will add and contribute to Canadian society
What was the quickest way to get into Canada prior to 1989?
Say you were a "political refugee"
Why did the Canadian Government change their policy in 1989?
Canadians were upset and wanted to know who was coming in
What is a "true political refugee"
Someone who is in fear for their life and unable to return home
What are your chances of getting into Canada as an independent applicant?
What did the Royal Proclamation of 1763 say?
First Nations' land was to be respected, and if land was given up then there must be fair payment for it
What are treaties?
Agreements with the Europeans to maintain an economic base for Natives
When was the Indian Act and what did it do?
In 1876, created Status and Non-Status Indians
What is a comprehensive treaty?
Land treaty negotiated in place where no other treaty has ever been signed
What is a specific claim?
Government did not fulfill its end of bargain under treaty related to land, money
What are Inuits?
Natives living in Northern Canada
What are Metis?
Mixed Aboriginal and European, recognized in 1982
What are status Indians?
Aboriginals registered with the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs
What are non-status Indians?
Aboriginals who don't have official documents proving they are part of the first nations
What is the definition of assimilate?
To lose your culture and adapt the culture of the larger group in which you live
What are residential schools?
Schools where Aboriginal kids were taken from their parents and home to be assimilated
How is Canada an example of a "tossed salad"?
There are lots of different types of cultures making up one country
How is America an example of a "melting pot"?
There are a variety of cultures assimilated into one whole
Why do people migrate?
They seek a job, better quality of life, be closer to friends or family, religious freedom, escape political persecution, natural disasters
What did the First Nations originally want?
1. Land to fish, hunt, farm
2. Right to their own government