Flashcards in Immunology & Sm Ruminants Deck (29):
Antibodies associated with:
1) mucosal immunity
2) humoral immunity
2) IgG & IgM
Important diseases that require CMI to control (4)
Herpes (IBR, BHV-1)
4 important diseases that require HUMORAL immunity for control
3 things that can impact response to a vaccine
other concurrent infections
Which adjuvant is able to specifically effect both B & T cells?
Dual phase polymer lipid
Which vaccine type allows for distinction between wild-type infections from vaccination
Facial asymmetry, head shaking, and excess nasal discharge are indicative of? How would you confirm?
Enzootic nasal tumor
biopsy (positive apical staining)
Sinusitis, rhinitis, and sneezing can all be indicative of? how would you treat?
Oestrus ovis infestation
Sinusitis most commonly occurs secondary to which 2 things?
3 causative agents associated with pharyngitis
C. pseudotuberculosis (causes CLA!!)
painful swallowing, anorexia, coughing, and pyrexia with a history of eating rough feedstuff would indicate?
Primary way to diagnose?
What should you NOT do when treating caseous lymphandenitis?
Lance or lavage (can spread the infection more)
Edema and suppuration of the arytenoid cartilages that leads to dyspnea, cyanosis, and anorexia
This disease is considered congenital and can cause exercise intolerance and coughing; how is it treated?
surgery (prosthetic tracheal rings)
Most common and most important infectious bacterial disease of sheep and goats
2 most common etiologies?
M. haemolytica (mostly)
Which biotype of M. haemolytica is the most common isolate in ovine pneumonic pasteurellosis & also commonly causes mastitis in sheep?
2 common necropsy findings associated with pasteurellosis
1) fibrinopurulent pleuropneumonia
2) oat cells (surrounding areas of necrosis)
Therapy for acute respiratory viruses should be directed at:
preventing/treating secondary bacterial pathogens
4 important respiratory viruses of sheep and goats
Resp. syncytial virus
Ovine/Caprine Herpes virus
Which virus shares association with ovine pulmonary carcinoma
herpes virus (ovine and caprine)
1) age group commonly affected
lambs <1 year
Cranial lung lobe consolidation, cuffing-type pneumonia, and nodular hyaline scars are seen at necropsy after infection with?
Mycoplasma (Enzootic pneumonia, Chronic nonprogressive pneumonia, and atypical pneumonia)
2 common routes of exposure for Mycobacterium bovis (TB)
inhalation (most common)
An obligate intracellular bacteria that can cause a dry, hacking cough
Ovine progressive pnuemonia/Maedi (OPP) persists within?
monocytes & macrophages
Two diseases associated with mastitis (hard bag)
CAE (caprine arthritis encephalitis)
This disease, transmitted by Culicoides gnats, causes a cyanotic tongue and petechiation
Blue tongue virus
Most common route of transmission for CAE (carpine arthritis-encephalitis)
colostrum feeding (heat treat to avoid)