Flashcards in Important Info for exam Deck (182)
What is the current emphasis in working with families?
Wellness and empowerment for families to achieve control over their lives.
What is family?
A Social network that acts as an important support system for its members.
Why are family theories important in nursing?
Provide nurses with useful guidelines for understanding family function.
What family assessment framework is appropriate for a nurse to choose for perinatal care?
One that is a health promoting model rather than an illness care model.
What does cultural knowledge include?
Beliefs and values about each facet of life and is passed from one generation to the next.
What makes up cultural experience?
Political, social, and economic context of people's lives.
What do cultural beliefs and traditions relate to?
Food, language, religion, spirituality, art, health and healing practices, kinship relationships, and all other aspects of community, family, and individual life.
What should a nurse consider when working with childbearing families?
The family's culture which includes communication, space, time orientation, and family roles.
Acknowledging, respecting, and appreciating ethnic, cultural, and linguistic diversity.
What component is spirituality a part of?
Holistic nursing and is a professional responsibility.
Spirituality and nursing
Must understand the meaning of spirituality to the person for whom care is being provided.
Has become more relevant as health care costs increase.
Services that link maternity patients and nurses (why is this important)
Critical pathways, telephonic nursing assessments, discharge planning, specialized education programs, patient support groups, home visiting programs, nurse advice lines, and perinatal home care.
What organizations have guidelines to keep nurses caring for patients in the home safe?
What are an important part of community health nursing?
Visits for outreach and health promotion.
Issues in women that may require community referrals?
Women with both physiologic and psychologic issues.
How do nurses prepare for a home visit?
Reviewing all available data on the patient.
groups at higher risk for developing perinatal home care nurses should incorporate personal safety and infection control practices in the nursing plan of care.
What must nurses integrate in their plan of care?
Must develop cultural competence and integrate it into their nursing care plans.
What is family
Family is what an individual considers it to be because there is no agreement about what the definition of a family is.
Types of families include:
(family styles are often referred to as "households"
Family theory used to:
Describe families and how the family unit responds to events within and outside the family. A combination of theories are most often used by nurses in their work with children and families.
US Census Bureau defines family as:
Blended family or household
Extended family or household
Individuals in a family:
Have a position or status in the family structure and plays culturally and socially defined roles in interactions with the family.
Philosophies and discipline in regard to parenting
Each family may have different philosophies in regard to parenting and approach discipline different.y.
Marital factors and influence on child's development.
Significantly influence a child's development. Impact of divorce on a child depends on the child's age, the outcome, and the quality of the parent-child relationship and parental care following the divorce.
Single parenting and step-parenting
Create adjustment difficulties and add stress to the already demanding parental role. Significant numbers of children will live in a single-parent or reconstituted family at some point.
Sociocultural influences upon child and family.
Race, ethnicity, social class, poverty, religion, and mass media
Nurse have a responsibility to understand the influences of:
Culture, race, and ethnicity on the development of social and emotional relationships, childrearing practices, and attitudes toward health.