INCLASS-Government Facts-Somerset Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in INCLASS-Government Facts-Somerset Deck (36):
1

What were local councils ordered to provide under the vagrancy Act in 1547?

to provide housing and collections for those who were impotent or old

2

What year was the Vagrancy Act?

1547

3

Why did Somerset feel that the Vagrancy Act 1547 had to be enacted to maintain?

to maintain the number of poor people which was steadily increasing

4

Why was poor people increasing which was reason for the Vagrancy Act 1547?

due to population growth in cities such as London

5

What did Somerset fear would happen if the number of poor people increased?

disorder and homelessness

6

What did the Vagrancy Act 1547 primarily declare?

it ordered that any able bodied persons who had ben out of work for 3 days were to be branded with a V and sold into slavery for 2 years

7

Under the Vagrancy Act 1547 what would happened to the children of parents who did not work for more than 3 days?

they would be taken and made to work as apprentices

8

What was a positive to the Vagrancy Act 1547?

the conditions were never put into effect

9

as Somerset's authority had not been granted by parliament, how did he rule?

by Proclamation

10

How did Somerset rule by Proclamation after having not been granted authority by Parliament?

as he had control of the Privy Seal and the Dry Stamp which gave royal authentication to his rulings

11

In less than 3 years, how many proclamations did Somerset make?

70

12

In how many years did Somerset issue 70 proclamations?

3 years

13

Who did Somerset use as his government officials?

his own household servants

14

Who did Somerset bypass during his time as Protectorate?

the Privy Council

15

Where did the council that Somerset frequently met meet rather than at the royal palaces?

at his house

16

What was the nickname of Somerset's household servants whom he relied upon?

the "new council"

17

What was the activity of Parliament like under Somerset?

there was frequent parliamentary sessions which had been established under the later years of Henry V111

18

What types of laws were Parliament used to pass under Somerset?

religious laws

19

What caused Somerset;s heavy military expenditure?

his overriding concern with the Scottish war which begun under Henry V111

20

How much did the campaigns between 1547-1549 collectively cost?

£580,000

21

What policy was continued at full speed regardless of its inflationary consequences?

the policy of debasement

22

By what year was the country bankrupt?

1549

23

As by 1549 the country went bankrupt, Somerset sold crown lands worth how much?

£800,000

24

How much did Somerset spend on war by 1549?

£1,356,000

25

In what year did government under Somerset begin to tighten control?

1548

26

How did the government under Somerset begin to tighten control in 1548? (2)

spreading rumours became a crime, as did unlawful assembly

27

What was Somerset a keen supporter in?

anti-enclosure methods

28

Where was a commission to investigate enclosures established under John Hales?

in the Midlands

29

Under who's authority did Somerset entrust the Midlands commission which investigated enclosures?

John Hales

30

When did Somerset issue a proclamation enforcing all statutes against enclosures for grazing?

1548

31

What was the effect of the anti-enclosure commissions on the peasants?

it raised the hopes of peasants who genuinely believed the government was beginning to protect them from the landed classes

32

How did Somerset try to discourage the landowners of enclosing?

by imposing a sheep and cloth tax

33

Why was Henry's death on the 28th January 1547 kept a secret for 3 days?

in order for the councilors loyal to Edward Seymour (Somerset) to persuade the Council that it was not Henry's wish to have a collective government of council equals but to have Somerset as virtual regent of the realm under the title of Duke.

34

Where had Somerset achieved high standing and popularity under Henry V111?

for his military successes at Boulogne and Scotland

35

When was the successful Battle of Pinkie?

September 1547

36

How much from 1543-1549 did Henry and Somerset spend on 6 years of warfare with Scotland and France?

£3.5 million