Flashcards in INCLASS-Government Facts-Somerset Deck (38):
What were local councils ordered to provide under the vagrancy Act in 1547?
to provide housing and collections for those who were impotent or old
What year was the Vagrancy Act?
Why did Somerset feel that the Vagrancy Act 1547 had to be enacted to maintain?
to maintain the number of poor people which was steadily increasing
Why was poor people increasing which was reason for the Vagrancy Act 1547?
due to population growth in cities such as London
What did Somerset fear would happen if the number of poor people increased?
disorder and homelessness
What did the Vagrancy Act 1547 primarily declare?
it ordered that any able bodied persons who had ben out of work for 3 days were to be branded with a V and sold into slavery for 2 years
Under the Vagrancy Act 1547 what would happened to the children of parents who did not work for more than 3 days?
they would be taken and made to work as apprentices
What was a positive to the Vagrancy Act 1547?
the conditions were never put into effect
as Somerset's authority had not been granted by parliament, how did he rule?
How did Somerset rule by Proclamation after having not been granted authority by Parliament?
as he had control of the Privy Seal and the Dry Stamp which gave royal authentication to his rulings
In less than 3 years, how many proclamations did Somerset make?
Although we now suggest that Somerset ruled autocratically, how did his contemporaries act at his trial?
they did not accuse him of such
In how many years did Somerset issue 70 proclamations?
Who did Somerset use as his government officials?
his own household servants
Who did Somerset bypass during his time as Protectorate?
the Privy Council
Where did the council that Somerset frequently met meet rather than at the royal palaces?
at his house
What was the nickname of Somerset's household servants whom he relied upon?
the "new council"
What was the activity of Parliament like under Somerset?
there was frequent parliamentary sessions which had been established under the later years of Henry V111
What types of laws were Parliament used to pass under Somerset?
What caused Somerset;s heavy military expenditure?
his overriding concern with the Scottish war which begun under Henry V111
How much did the campaigns between 1547-1549 collectively cost?
What policy was continued at full speed regardless of its inflationary consequences?
the policy of debasement
Where were the biggest price rises in foodstuffs under Somerset?
bread, cheese and meat
By what year was the country bankrupt?
As by 1549 the country went bankrupt, Somerset sold crown lands worth how much?
How much did Somerset spend on war by 1549?
In what year did government under Somerset begin to tighten control?
How did the government under Somerset begin to tighten control in 1548? (2)
spreading rumours became a crime, as did unlawful assembly
What was Somerset a keen supporter in?
Where was a commission to investigate enclosures established under John Hales?
in the Midlands
Under who's authority did Somerset entrust the Midlands commission which investigated enclosures?
When did Somerset issue a proclamation enforcing all statutes against enclosures for grazing?
What was the effect of the anti-enclosure commissions on the peasants?
it raised the hopes of peasants who genuinely believed the government was beginning to protect them from the landed classes
How did Somerset try to discourage the landowners of enclosing?
by imposing a sheep and cloth tax
Why was Henry's death on the 28th January 1547 kept a secret for 3 days?
in order for the councilors loyal to Edward Seymour (Somerset) to persuade the Council that it was not Henry's wish to have a collective government of council equals but to have Somerset as virtual regent of the realm under the title of Duke.
Where had Somerset achieved high standing and popularity under Henry V111?
for his military successes at Boulogne and Scotland
When was the successful Battle of Pinkie?