Indications-Table 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Indications-Table 1 Deck (37):
1

Oxygen

Presence of or suspicion of hypoxemia

2

Diazepam (Valium)

Seizures (status epilepticus), To induce sedation prior to painful procedures, Acute Anxiety

3

Ativan

Seizures (status epilepticus)
To induce sedation prior to painful procedures Anxiety

4

Midazolam (Versed)

Seizures (status epileticus)
To induce sedation prior to painful procedures

5

Succinylcholine (anectine)

To facilitate endotracheal intubation

6

Epinephrine

Cardiac Arrest: Asystole, VF, Pulseless VT, PEA; Symptomatic Bradycardia; Anaphylaxis; Severe Reactive Airway Disease

7

Vasopressin

Cardiac Arrest

8

Lidocaine

VT with a pulse
Alternative (second-line therapy) to Amiodarone in cardiac arrest from VF/Pulseless VT, and patients exhibiting hemodynamically stable, wide complex monomorphic VT
Malignant PVCs
-More than six unifocal PVCs a minute -Multifocal PVCs
-Couple ts
-R-on-T phenomena
Pain control associated with I/O infusion administration

9

Amiodarone

Life-threatening ventricular and supraventricular dysrhythmias (VF, VT, A-Fib, A-Flutter, SVT, WPW)

10

Atropine Sulfate

Symptomatic bradycardia Organophosphate/nerve agent poisoning

11

Adenosine (Adenocard)

SVT refractory to vagal maneuvers including Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW)
Symptomatic monomorphic wide-complex tachycardia with regular rhythm

12

Diltiazem (Cardizem)

SVT refractory to Adenosine; Rapid A-fib or A-flutter

13

Metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol-XL)

Chest Pain associated with AMI, ACS; Angina pectoris; SVT

14

Dopamine (Intropin)

Cardiogenic shock hemodynamically significant hypotension (sustolic BP of 70-100 mmHg not resulting from hypovolemia) symptomatic bradicardia

15

Dobutamine

Short term management of CHF or cardiogenic shock Used to increase cardiac output without increasing rate

16

Aspirin

Suspected AMI, chest pain, or ACS

17

Nitroglycerin

Chest pain associated with angina pectoris or AMI Acute pulmonary edema
Congestive heart failure

18

Sodium Bicarbonate

Severe acidosis (refractory to hyperventilation) Tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) overdose Barbiturate overdose
Known hyperkalemia

19

Magneium Sulfate

Eclampsia, Torsades de Pointes, Asthma

20

Oxytocin (Pitocin)

Postpartum hemorrhage

21

Albuterol (Proventil, Ventolin)

Brochospasm, patients with reversible obstructive airway disease

22

Atrovent (Ipratropium Bromide)

Brochospasm, patients with reversible obstructive airway disease

23

Methylprednisolone (Solu-Medrol)

Severe Asthma, Anaphylaxis, or COPD

24

50% Dextrose in Water (D50W or D50)

Hypoglycemia

25

Glucagon (GlucaGen)

Hypoglycemia without IV access. Adjuvant treatment of toxic effects of CCB and beta-blockers

26

Diphenhydramine (Benedryl)

Anaphylaxis; Moderate to severe allergic reactions; Acute extrapyramidal (dystonic) reactions

27

Haloperidol

Behavioral emergencies with violent tendencies, including suicide

28

Naloxone (Narcan)

Opiate overdose; Coma of unknown origin

29

Furosemide (Lasix)

CHF, Acute pulmonary Edema

30

Hydroxocobolamin (CyanoKit)

Treatment of known or suspected cyanide poisoning

31

Calcium Chloride

Calcium channel blocker toxicity / overdose Prophylactically prior to IV calcium channel blockers Acute hyperkalemia
Acute hypocalcemia
Acute hypermagnesemia

32

Activated Charcoal

Acute poison ingestion

33

Morphine Sulfate

Chest Pain Associated with ACS; Pulmonary Edema, CHF, Pain management

34

Fentanyl Citrate (Sublimaze)

Pain Management

35

Ketorolac (Toridol)

Acute moderate to severe pain

36

Acetaminophen

Fever

37

Ibuprofen

Fever