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Flashcards in INFANT HEALTH Deck (30):
1

WCC schedule

the schedule for an infant from 2 weeks to 1 year is at 2 weeks, followed by 2, 4, 6, 9, and 12 months

2

age to draw h&H

9 months (hematocrit between 6,9, ad 12 months)

3

if discharged from the hospital prior to 48 hours, first visit should be within

3-5 days

4

age should have head control

4 months

5

No head lag should be there when pulled to sitting

at 6 months; lag should be first sign of palsy

6

psychosocial focus for infancy

developing trust

7

cognitive focus for infancy

sensorimotor

8

pectus carnivatum

pigeon chest

9

pectus excavatum

sunken chest; the most common congenital deformity of the anterior chest wall. do CXR PA and lateral

10

where should liver edge be palpable

1-2 cm below the right costal margin

11

testes fully descended by what age

3 months

12

red flag for lymph nodes

supraclavicular nodes

13

age of development of fear of strangers

6 months

14

age of development of fear of separation

8 months

15

when to introduce foods

4-6 months, 1-2 weeks apart between foods

16

allies sign

unequal leg length

17

galeazzi sign

unequal knee height

18

nutritional requirements

iron fortified cereals, vitamin d for breastfed infant, bit b12 for malnourished or vegetarian mother

19

sleeping schedule

2months-1 year, 8-12 hours per night, 2-3 naps daily

20

developmental warning signs

apparent visual delay
Does not raise head when laying on stomach by 3months (check for hypotonia)
does not try to pick up toy by 6 months (4-6)
No reactions to noise/voice (hearing problem, refer)
does not laugh (attachment d/o)
does not seek interpersonal contact
Does not sit up by 9 months

21

fever is considered

rectal temp of > 100.4

22

temp that suggests serious bacterial infection

higher than 101.8F

23

Common bacterial infections in the first month (bacterial)

Group B strep (GBS) and gram negative enteric organisms

24

Common bacterial infections in the second month

S. Pneumoniae and H influenze (ear infection)

25

behavioral response to mildly ill

appear alert and active, smile and feed well

26

behavioral response of moderately ill

infants may be fussy or irritable but continue to feed, are consolable and may smile; these infants have otitis media

27

behavior of serious illness

Temp over 104F, appear listless, cannot be consoled, feed poorly or not at all, hospital admission is recommended

28

When local site of infection cannot be found, consider

UTI

29

first line TX for management of illness

tylenol 10-15mg/kg every 4-6hours.

30

how old can you use ibuprofen?

after 6 months old, 10mg/kg every 6 hours