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Flashcards in infection Deck (91):
1

in which method of sterilization can instruments be processed wet?

steam autoclave

2

how does HIV cause AIDS

it destroys the body's defenses against disease

3

when using an ultrasonic cleaner, what is the correct procedure

use a basket for loose instruments

4

what is true regarding the handling of hazardous infectious waste?

infectious waste should be placed in a closable, leak proof, labeled container or bag

5

to be considered acceptable for use in dentistry a disinfectant must be able to kill

TB Bacteria

6

what technique is used to prevent surface contamination

apply appropriate surface covers before seating the patient

7

after removing the plastic surface cover from the clinical contact surface .....

place a new plastic cover as along as the underlying surface remains untouched

8

what is an example of regulated medical waste

used anesthetic needles

9

gloves are a principal component of what IC practice

protective attire and barrier techniques

10

OSHA inspections may occur randomly in an office with....

11 or more employees

11

what item of PPE is donned last

gloves

12

packaging instruments prior to sterilization maintains..

instruments sterility after processing

13

a contaminated dental chart qualifies as which mode of disease transmission

indirect contact

14

which is a safety measure for managing non contact scrap amalgam?

label the scrap amalgam container

15

what container requires a chemical label

disinfectant spray bottle
ultrasonic cleaner tank
x ray processing tank

16

dental professionals are to use surgical mask and protective eyewear...

whenever spatter and aerosolized sprays of blood and saliva are likely

17

protective clothing ...

must prevent mucous membrane exposure to blood and other body fluids

18

which disinfectant tends to produce yellow staining

iodophor

19

what is not a recognized regulated medical waste

used PPE

20

which agency regulations apply to the handling of waste in the dental office

EPA

21

what is the leading cause of sterilization failure in dental offices

human error

22

the maximum allowable amount of nitrous oxide in the dental environment is ....

50 ppm

23

what action promotes environmental infection control in a clinical area

avoid the use of carpet and cloth upholstered furnishings

24

how often are chemical monitors used in the sterilization process

with every instrument pack

25

the goal of an infection control program is to precent disease transmission from

the patient to the staff

staff to the patient

patient to patient

26

central nervous system disorders, tremors, and kidney dysfunction are associated with increased exposure to....

mercury vapors

27

what is true about overgloves

they must be worn carefully to avoid contamination from used procedural gloves

are placed before the secondary procedure is performed and are removed before patient treatment

are discarded after a single use

28

the HBV vaccine must be offered to which category of employees

I and II

29

the scavenging system ....

reduces the nitrogen oxide that escapes into the dental office atmosphere

30

a chemical spill victim with immediate symptoms of dizziness, headache, nausea, and vomiting is experiencing

acute chemical toxicity

31

the written exposure control plan must be reviewed and updated

annually

32

the main source of infectious microorganisms in the dental office is ....

the patients mouth

33

what are not killed or inactivated by intermediate level disinfection

spores

34

what is not a clinical contact surface

operatory wall

35

dental assistant involved in the direct provision of patient care must undergo training in

infection control, safety issues, and hazard communication

36

what agency requires employers to provide the Hep B vaccine?

OSHA

37

OSHA requires the standard precautions for ...

all patients

38

biofilm in the dental unit waterline exemplifies which type of disease transmission

community to dental office to patient

39

what is killed during sterilization

viruses, spores, fungi, and bacteria

40

dental unit waterlines are flushed for ...

several minutes each morning and for 20-30 seconds between patients

41

the OSHA hazard communications standard requires employers to do ...

tell employees about the identity and hazards of chemical in the workplace

implement a hazard communication program

maintain accurate and thorough MSDS records

42

examination gloves used for the dental treatment can be made of....

latex or vinyl

43

what can kill bacterial spores, TB and viruses

high level disinfectant

44

what is not an acceptable method of managing surface contamination

wipe the surface with alcohol

45

who determines the hazards of a chemical

manufacturer

46

what is required for correct disposal of used ortho wire

sharps container

47

the most important infection control law in dentistry is OSHAS

blood borne pathogens standard

48

recording the highest temperature reached during a sterilization cycle is an example of

physical

49

disease is transmitted through which means

person to person contact

50

protective clothing must meet which requirement

high neckline

51

what error will result in a failure of sterilization

improper loading
inadequate time
faulty seal on chamber door

52

what is not an appropriate post exposure protocol

the employee may opt for medical eval. but must pay the cost

53

a single container of alcohol based hand rub solution in a dental treatment room can contain up to...

2L

54

what gloves are recommended to assist the placement of amalgam

examination

55

what is not acceptable for use as a surface disinfectant in dentistry

glutaraldehydes

56

regulated medical waste comprises what percentage of a dental offices total waste

3%

57

the record of each infection control training session does not require what detail

training test scores

58

sharps container is an example of ....

engineering control

59

what does not minimize the amount of dental aerosols and splatter generated during treatment

preprocedural mouth rinse

60

an employee who voluntarily forgoes the hep b vaccine is required to sign an...

informed refusal that is kept on file in the dental office

61

cleaning instruments prior to sterilization

increase the chance of sterilizer success

62

OSHA does not mandate the training of dental personnel in what area

specialty safety standards

63

which protects the gingival tissue during laser bleaching

resin based light curable barrier

64

the hep b vaccine must be

offered free by the employer

65

what agent is most lethal

sporicidal

66

when do you need to change your protective clothings

when visibly soiled

67

sterile surgical gloves are required for which procedure

assisting in a mandibular resection

68

how often should spore testing of sterilizers be executed

once a week

69

the strength of an organisms ability to produce disease is a

virulence

70

what qualifies at a biologic monitor

spore testing

71

what is not a component of hazard communication training

collecting waiver for hep b vaccine

72

dental personnel are not exposed to infectious disease through

indirect contact with sterile instruments

73

what is not infectious or regulated waste

x ray wrappers

74

what best describes an intermediate level surface disinfectant

tuberculocidal

75

what is not considered a sharp

metal matrix retainer

76

the risk of getting HIV as a dental assistant is

low

77

the intent of hand washing is to remove

transient florae

78

what is true of latex and vinyl gloves

non sterile gloves are recommended for examination and nonsurgical procedures

79

if you opt not to receive a hep b vaccine and have signed a waiver to this effect, you have the right to...

change your mind and the employer is required to provide the vaccination

80

the CDC recommends biological monitoring of sterilization equipment at which interval?

weekly

81

which best describes the purpose of holding (presoaking) instruments prior to cleaning

make cleaning easier

82

which waste product is hazardous

spent fixer solution

83

which face mask is optimal to pouring or mixing chemical

mist respirator

84

which have the highest operating temp. and longest cycle time

dry heat sterilizers

85

surgical masks used in dentistry

prevent spatter from contacting mucous membranes

86

before disinfecting a clinical contact surface

clean the surface

87

which allergic reaction is most commonly associated with latex

type iv

88

what is a clinical touch surface

light handle

89

which combination produces the greeting amount of instrument rusting and dulling

carbon steel instruments in a steam sterilizer

90

without proper eye protection, curing light exposure may damage the...

retina

91

which glove is not chemical resistant

latex