Infection Control Flashcards Preview

Northview HOSA Bowl 2015 > Infection Control > Flashcards

Flashcards in Infection Control Deck (32):
1

aerobic

requiring oxygen in order to live and grow

2

anaerobic

not requiring oxygen in order to live and grow, able to thrive in the absence of oxygen

3

antisepsis

aseptic control that inhibits, retards growth of, or kills pathogenic organisms; not effective against spores and virsuses

4

asepsis

being free from infection

5

autoclave

piece of equipment used to sterilize articles by way of steam under pressure and/or dry heat

6

bacteria

one-celled microorganism, some of which are beneficial and some of which cause disease

7

boiling water

method of aseptic control that disinfects but does not sterilize, or kill spores and viruses

8

cavitation

the cleaning process employed in an ultrasonic unit; bubbles explode to drive cleaning solution onto article being cleaned

9

chain of infection

factors that lead to the transmission or spread of disease

10

chemical disinfection

A process that destroys or kills pathogenic organisms.

11

clean

free from organisms causing disease

12

communicable disease

disease that is transmitted from one individual to another

13

contaiminated

containing infection or infectious organisms or germs

14

disinfection

aseptic-control method that destroys pathogens but does not usually kill spores and viruses

15

endogenous

produced from within; due to internal causes

16

exogenous

produced from without; due to external causes

17

fungi

group of simple, plantlike animals that live on dead organic matter

18

isolation

method or technique of caring for persons who have communicable diseases

19

microorganism

small, living plant or animal not visible to the naked eye

20

nonpathogens

a microorganism that is not capable of causing a disease

21

nosocomial

pertaining to or originating in a health care facility such as a hospital

22

opportunistic

Microorganisms that are normal residents of a host but can cause illness when the host's defenses are weakened by such factors as poor nutrition or a recent bout with the flu

23

pathogens

disease-producing organisms

24

protective isolation

technique used to provide care to patients requiring protection from organisms in the environment

25

protozoa

microscopic, one-celled animals often found in decayed materials and contaminated water

26

rickettsiae

parasitic microorganisms that live on other living organisms

27

sterile

free of all organisms, including spores and viruses

28

sterile field

an area that is set up for certain procedures and is free from all organisms

29

sterilization

process that results in total destruction of all microorganisms; also, surgical procedure that prevents conception of a child

30

ultrasonic

piece of equipment that cleans with sound waves

31

universal precautions

recommendations that must be followed to prevent transmission of pathogenic organisms by way of blood and body fluid

32

viruses

one of a large group of very small microorganisms, many of which cause disease