INFECTION CONTROL & PATIENT SAFETY Flashcards

1
Q

what is Clinical Handover

A

The effective transfer of professional responsibility and accountability for some or all aspects of care for a patient/s, to another person or professional group

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2
Q

Types Of Clinical Handover:

A
  • Verbal or written or digitally documented
    • Escalation of deteriorating patients
    • Patient transfers to another ward/area
    • Shift to shift
    • Patient transfer to a test/appointment
    • Inter-hospital transfers
    • Multi-disciplinary team handover
    • Discharge
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3
Q

Why Use ISBAR?

A
  • Used for communicating information in a variety of settings
    • Can be used for all types of Handover (clinical & non-Clinical)
    • Helps prioritise information for both parties
    • Decreased chance of forgetting relevant information
    • Decreased assumptions made as the reason for the call is stated at the beginning of contact Research identified that a structured approach to handover reduces handover time and improves information transfer
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4
Q

What is infection?

A

Disease state caused by the presence of pathogens in or on the body

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5
Q

How can you acquire an infection?

A

Bacteria, fungi, and viruses spread mainlythrough person-to-person contact. This includes unclean hands, and medical instruments such as catheters, respiratory machines, and other hospital tools. HAI cases also increa

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6
Q

What is a Healthcare Associated Infection (HAI)?

A

those infections that are acquired as a direct or indirect result of healthcare

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7
Q

Who is at greatest risk of HAIs?

A

elderly people. frail people. people with certain medical conditions, such as diabetes. people with low immunity – such as people with diseases that compromise their immune system or people who are being treated with chemotherapy or steroids.

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8
Q

What is a Multi-Resistant Organism (MRO)?

A

micro-organisms (usually bacteria) that are not susceptible to multiple classes of antimicrobial agents.

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9
Q

types of Transmission based
precautions

A
  • Contact
    • Droplet
    • Airborne
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