Infectious Disease Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Infectious Disease Deck (41)
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1

3 most common causes of fever of unknown origin (FUO)

Infection
Cancer
Autoimmune Disease

2

4 signs and symptoms of streptococcal pharyngitis

Fever
Pharyngeal Erythemia
Tonsillar exudate
Lack of Cough

3

Non-suppurative complication of strep infection that is not altered by tx of 1 infection

Post-Infectious glomerulonephritis

4

Asplenic pt are particularly susceptible to these organsism

Encapsulated organisms
- Pneumococcus
- Meningococcus
- Haemophilus Influenzae
- Klebsiella

5

Number of bacteria on a clean catch specimen to diagnose UTI

10^5 bacteria / mL

6

Which healthy population is susceptible to UTIs

Pregnant women

Tx aggressively because of potential complications

7

Pt from California or Arizona presents with fever, malaise, cough, and night sweats. Diagnosis? Tx?

Coccidioidomycosis

Tx with Amphotericin B.

8

Non-Painful Chancre

1 syphilis

9

Blueberry Muffin rash is characteristic of what congenital infection

Rubella

10

Meningitis in Neonates

Causes?
Tx?

Group B Step
E-Coli
Listeria

Tx with Gentamicin and Ampicillin

11

Meningitis in Infants

Cause?
Tx?

Pneumococcus
Meningococcus
H. Influenza

Tx with Cefotaxime and Vancomycin

12

What should always be done prior to LP?

Check for ICP; look for papilledema

13

CSF findings:

Low glucose
PMN Predominance

Bacterial Meningitis

14

CSF findings:

Normal glucose
Lymphocytic predominance

Aseptic (Viral) meningitis

15

CSF findings:

Numerous RBCs in serial CSF samples

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH)

16

CSF Findings:

Increase Gamma Globulins

MS

17

Initially presents with pruritic papule with regional lymphadenopathy; evolves into a black eschar after 7 - 10 days

Tx?

Cutaneous Anthrax

Tx
PCN G or Ciprofloxacin

18

Finding in 3 Syphilis

Tabes Dorsalis
General Paresis
Gummas
Argyll Robertson Pupil
Aortitis
Aortic Root Aneurysms

19

Characteristic of 2 Lyme Disease

Arthralgias
Migratory Polyarthropathies
Bell's Palsy
Myocarditis

20

24 year old man pt with soft white plaques on his tongue and back of his throat.

Diagnosis?
Workup?
Tx?

Candidal Thrush

Workup- HIV test

Tx- Nystatin oral suspension

21

Begin Pneumocystis Jiroveci Penumonia prophylaxis in an HIV pt at what CD count?

<200 for P. Jiroveci (with TMP-SMX)

22

Risk factors for Pyelonephritis?

Pregnancy
Vesicoureteral Reflux
Anatomic Anomalies
Indwelling catheters
Kidney Stones

23

Neutropenic Nadir Postchemotherpy

7 - 10 days

24

Erythema Migrans

Lesion of Lyme Disease

25

Classic Physical Findings for endocarditis

Fever
heart Murmur
Osler Nodes
Splinter Hemorrhages
Janeway Lesions
Roth's Spots

26

Aplastic Crisis in Sickle Cell Disease

Parvovirus B19

27

Ring Enhancing Brain Lesion on CT with Seizure

Taenia Solum (Cysticercosis)

28

Name THAT organism:

Branching Rods in Oral Infection

Actinomyces Israelii

29

Name THAT organism:

Painful Chancroid

Haemophilus Ducreyi

30

Name THAT organism:

Dog or Cat Bite

Pasteurella Multocida