Inferior Limb myology Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Inferior Limb myology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Inferior Limb myology Deck (38):
1

Sartorius Muscle

Origin

Anterior Superior iliac spine

Insertion

Medial aspect of the tibial tuberosity

Action

Flex hip joint, flex knee joint, rotate limb laterally

2

Rectus Femoris

Origin

Anterior inferior iliac spine

Insertion

Tibial tuberosity

Action

Flex hip joint, extend knee joint

3

Vastus Lateralis Muscle

Origin

Lateral aspect of the femur bone

Insertion

Tibial tuberosity

Action

Flex hip joint, extend knee joint

4

Vastus Medialis Muscle

Origin

Medial aspect of the femur bone

Insertion

Tibial tuberosity

Action

Flex hip joint, extend knee joint

5

Vastus Intermedialis Muscle

Origin

Intermedius aspect of the body of the femur bone

Insertion

Tibial tuberosity

Action

Flex hip joint, extend knee joint

6

Gluteus Maximus Muscle

Origin

Bony sacrum, iliac crest, coccyx

Insertion

Proximolateral aspect of femoral bone, iliotibial tract

Action

Extend hip joint, rotate thigh laterally, some adduction at hip joint

7

Gluteus Medius Muscle

Origin

Gluteal surface of the ilium

Insertion

Greater trochanter of femur bone

Action

Abduct limb at hip joint

8

Gluteus Minimus Muscle

Origin

Gluteal surface of the ilium

Insertion

Greater trochanter of femur bone

Action

Abduct limb at the hip joint

9

Tensor Fasciae Latae Muscle

Origin

Anterior superior iliac spine

Insertion

Lateral condyle of the tibia

Action

Flex hip joint, abduct limb at hip joint

 

Iliotibial tract

10

Iliopsoas Muscle

Origin

After the inguinal ligament this muscle is named

Insertion

Lesser trochanter and adjacent body of the femur bone

Action

Flex hip joint, rotate thigh laterally

11

Iliacus Muscle

Origin

Iliac fossa

Insertion

Lesser trochanter and adjacent body of the femur bone

Action

Flex hip joint, rotate thigh laterally

12

Psoas Major Muscle

Origin

Bodies of vertebrae T12-L5 

Insertion

Lesser trochanter and adjacent body of the femur bone

Action

Flex hip joint, rotate thigh laterally

13

Gracilis Muscle

Origin

Inferior ramus of pubis

Insertion

Medial aspect of proximal part of tibial body

Action

Adduct limb at hip joint, flex knee joint, rotate limb medially

14

Pectineus Muscle

Origin

Pecten of pubis

Insertion

Proximal end of posterior aspectof femoral body

Action

Adduct limb at hip joint, flex hip joint

15

Adductor Longus Muscle

Origin

Pubis symphysis and adjacent body of pubis

Insertion

Middle third of medial lip of linea aspera of femur bone

Action

Adduct limb at hip joint

16

Adductor Brevis Muscle

Origin

Inferior ramus of pubis

Insertion

Medial lip of linea aspera of femur bone

Action

Adduct limb at hip joint

17

Adductor Magnus Muscle

Origin

Ischiatic tuber, inferior ramus of pubis, ramus of ischium

Insertion

Linea aspera and adductor tubercle of femur bone

Action

Adduct limb at hip joint, extend hip joint

18

Adductor Minimus Muscle

 

Closely applied to the proximal aspect of the adductor magnus muscle

 

19

Biceps Femoris Muscle

Insertion

Head of fibula, lateral condyle of tibia

Action

Extend hip joint, flex knee joint, rotate limb laterally

20

Long head of the Biceps Femoris Muscle

Origin

Ischiatic tuber

Insertion

Head of fibula, lateral condyle of tibia

Action

Extend hip joint, flex knee joint, rotate limb medially

21

Short head of the Biceps Femoris Muscle

Origin

Lateral lip of linea aspera of the femur bone

Insertion

Head of fibula, lateral condyle of tibia

Action

Extend hip joint, flex knee joint, rotate limb medially

22

Semitendinosis Muscle

Origin

Ischiatic tuber

Insertion

Medial aspect of the proximal part of the tibial body

Action

Extend hip joint, flex knee joint, rotate limb medially

23

Semimembranosus Muscle

Origin

Ischiatic tuber

Insertion

Meidal condyle of tibia

Action

Extend hip joint, flex knee joint, rotate limb medially

24

Anterior Tibial Muscle

Origin

Proximal tibia and crural interosseous membrane

Insertion

Medial cuneiform bone and first metatarsal bone

Action

Flex (dorsiflexion) the talocrural joint and invert the foot

25

Long Digital Extensor Muscle

Origin

Lateral condyle of tibia, proximal fibula, and crural interosseous membrane

Insertion

Distal phalanges of digits 2-5

Action

Flex (dorsiflexion) talocrural joint, extend digital joints of digits 2-5

26

Extensor Hallucis Longus Muscle

Origin

Middle of fibula and crural interosseous membrane

Insertion

Base of distal phalanx of big toe

Action

Extend digital joints of big toe, flex (dorsiflexion) talocrural joint

27

Peroneus Longus Muscle

Origin

Proximal third of fibula

Insertion

Medial cuneiform bone and base of first metatarsal bone

Action

Extend (plantar flex) talocrural joint, evert pes

28

Peroneus Brevis Muscle

Origin

Distal half of fibula

Insertion

Base of fifth metatarsal bone

Action

Evert pes, extend (plantar flex) the talocrural joint

29

Peroneus Tertius Muscle

Origin

Lower third of body of fibula

Insertion

Dorsum of base of fifth metatarsal bone

Action

Flex (dorsiflex) the talocrural joint, evert the pes

30

Gastrocnemius Muscle

Insertion

Tuber calcanei

Action

Extend (plantar flex) talocrural joint

 

31

Medial head of the Gastrocnemius Muscle

Origin

Distal posterior femur bone just above medial condyles

Insertion

 

Tuber calcanei

Action

 

Extend (plantar flex) talocrural joint

32

Lateral head of the Gastrocnemius Muscle

Origin

Distal posterior femur bone just above lateral condyles

Insertion

 

Tuber calcanei

Action

 

Extend (plantar flex) talocrural joint

33

Soleus Muscle

Origin

Proximal, posterior tibia and fibula

Insertion

 

Tuber calcanei

Action

 

Extend (plantar flex) talocrural joint

34

Plantaris Muscle

Origin

Lateral epicondyle of femur bone

Insertion

 

Tuber calcanei

Action

 

Extend (plantar flex) talocrural joint

35

Popliteus Muscle

Origin

Lateral epicondyle of femur bone

Insertion

Posterior aspect of tibia above line of soleus muscle

Action

Flex knee joint, rotate crus medially

36

Flexor Hallucis Longus Muscle

Origin

Distal 2/3 of fibula

Insertion

Base of distal phalanx of first digit

Action

Flex digital joints of first digit, extend (plantar flex) talocrural joint, invert the pes

37

Flexor Digitorum Longus Muscle

Origin

Tibia

Insertion

Distal phalanges of digits 2-5

Action

Flex digital joints of minor toes, extend (plantar flex) talocrural joint

38

Posterior Tibial Muscle

Origin

Posterior aspect of the tibia and fibula

Insertion

Tarsal bones and metatarsal bones of 2-4

Action

Extend (plantar flex) talocrural joint, invert pes