Flashcards in infertility, conception and abortion Deck (23)
factors of infertility for WOMEN?
Tubal and peritoneal factors
Factors of infertility for MEN?
Can be caused by structural and hormonal disorders
Varicocele (varicose vein of the scrotum)
Low testosterone levels
Diagnostic tests to assess a female?
-Evaluation of the anatomy
-Detection of ovulation
Diagnostic tests to assess a male?
Assessment of male
Diagnostic tests to assess a couple?
plan of care for implementation ? main things without going into specifics.
-Herbal alternative methods
IUI versus IVF- Clomid, Injectables
What are assisted reproductive therapies?
In vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET)
Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT)
Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT)
Ovum transfer (oocyte donation)
Therapeutic donor insemination (TDI)
Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD)
What makes the lining thicken during pregnancy?
Tell me about contraception
Intentional prevention of pregnancy
Birth control is the device or practice to decrease the risk of conceiving
Family planning is the conscious decision on when to conceive or avoid pregnancy
May still be at risk for pregnancy
What does the safety of a contraceptive method depend on?
A women's medical history.
Name some contraceptive methods?
Coitus interruptus (withdrawal)
Fertility awareness methods (FAMs)
What are fertility awareness methods for contraception?
-Rely on avoidance of intercourse during fertile periods
-FAMs combine charting menstrual cycle with abstinence or other contraceptive methods
-Natural family planning (period abstinence)
-Calendar rhythm method
Standard days method
-Basal body temperature method
-Cervical mucus ovulation-detection method
Predictor test for ovulation
-Lactation amenorrhea method
What are contraceptive mechanical barrier methods?
Condoms, male (STI protection)
Vaginal sheath (STI protection)
Contraceptive hormonal methods?
Transdermal contraceptive system
What type of progestin only contraceptives are out there?
Oral progestins (minipill)
Implantable progestins (Norplant
What are the three emergency contraception methods?
High doses of estrogen or OCAs
Two days of levonorgestrel
Insertion of the copper intrauterine device (IUD)
When do emergency contraceptives have to be used?
within 72 hours.
What is an IUD?
a hormonal contraception method
Small, T-shaped device inserted into the uterine cavity
Medicated IUDs loaded with either copper or progestational agent
IUD offers no protection against STIs or HIV
What type of female sterilization is there?
What type of male sterilization is there?
Tubal reconstruction (reanastomosis)
What is an abortion?
Purposeful Interruption of pregnancy before 20 weeks of gestation
What should be done for an abortion in first trimester?
Also what drugs are involved?
-Surgical (aspiration) abortion, -Dilation & Curettage
-Methotrexate (IM or po) and misoprostol (PV)
Mifepristone and misoprostol