-ing Phrases (Feeling tired...) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in -ing Phrases (Feeling tired...) Deck (20):
1

When two things happen at the same t_____, you can use a -ing phrase.

When two things  happen at  the same  time, you can use an -ing phrase. (proposition infinitive ou participiale)

Kate is in the kitchen making coffee. (=she is in the kitchen an she is making coffee)

A man ran out of the house shouting (= he ran out of the house and he was shouting)

Do something! Don't just stand there doing nothing.

2

We also use -ing when one action happens d___ another action. We use -ing for the L___ action.

We also use -ing when one action happens d___ another action. We use -ing for the L___ action.

Joe hurt his knee playing football. (= while he was playing)

Did you cut yourself shaving? (= while you where shaving)

Note: You can also use -ing after while or when.

Joe hurt his knee while playing football.

Be careful when crossing the street. (= when you're crossing)

 

3

When one action happens before another action, we use h___ (done) for the f__ action.

When one action happens before another action, we use having (done) for the first action. (propostion participiale)

Having found a hotel, we looked for someplace to have a dinner.

Having finished her work, she went home.

Note 1: You can also say after -ing.

After finishing her work, she went home.

Note 2: If one action follows anotehr short action, you can use the simple -ing for (doing instead having done) for the first action.

Taking a key out of his pocket, he opened the door.

These structures are used more in written Englis than is spoken English.

4

You can also use an -ing phrase to ex___ something, or to say w__ somebody does something. The -ing phrase usually comes at the b____ of the sentence.

You can also use an -ing phrase to explain something, or to say why somebody does something. The -ing phrase usually comes at the beginning of the sentence.

Feeling tired, I went to bed early.

Being unemployed, he doesn't have much money.

Not having a car, she has trouble to getting around.

Having already seen the movie, I didn't want to go again.

Note: These structures are used more in written Englis than is spoken English.

5

Use an -ing phrase. Diane was sitting in a armchair. She was reading a book ____.

Use an -ing phrase. Diane was sitting in a armchair. She was reading a book ____.

Diane was stting in armchair reading a book.

6

Use an -ing phrase. Sue opened the door carefully. She was trying not to make any noise. ____.

Use an -ing phrase. Sue opened the door carefully. She was trying not to make any noise. ____.

Sue oponed the door carefully trying not to make any noise.

7

Use an -ing phrase. Sarah went out. She said she would back in an hour. ____.

Use an -ing phrase. Sarah went out. She said she would back in an hour. ____.

Sarah went out saying she would be back in an hour.

8

Use an -ing phrase. I was watching television. I fell asleep. _____.

Use an -ing phrase. I was watching television. I fell asleep. _____.

I fell asleep watching television.

9

Use an -ing phrase. The man slipped and fell. He was getting off a bus. _____.

Use an -ing phrase. The man slipped and fell. He was getting off a bus. _____.

The man slipped and fell getting off a bus.

10

Use an -ing phrase. I was walking home in the rain. I got very wet. _____.

Use an -ing phrase. I was walking home in the rain. I got very wet. _____.

I got very wet walking home in the rain.

11

Use an -ing phrase. Laura was driving to work yesterday. She had an accident. _____.

Use an -ing phrase. Laura was driving to work yesterday. She had an accident. _____.

Laura had an accident driving to work yesterday.

12

Make sentence beginning with having. We bought our tickets. Then we went into the theater. _____.

Make sentence beginning with having. We bought our tickets. Then we went into the theater. _____.

Having bought our tickets, we went into the theater.

13

Make sentence beginning with having. They had dinner, and then they continued their trip. _____.

Make sentence beginning with having. They had dinner, and then they continued their trip. _____.

Having had dinner, they continued their trip.

14

Make sentence beginning with having. After I've done the shopping, I stopped for a cup of coffee. _____.

Make sentence beginning with having. After I've done the shopping, I stopped for a cup of coffee. _____.

Having done the shopping, I stopped for a cup of coffee.

15

Make sentence beginning with  -ing/ not -ing/ having done. I thought they might be hundry. So I offered them something to eat. _____.

Make sentence beginning with  -ing/ not -ing/ having done. I thought they might be hundry. So I offered them something to eat. _____.

Thinking they might be hungry, I offered them something to eat.

16

Make sentence beginning with -ing/ not -ing/ having done. Sally is vegeterian. So she doesn't eat any kind of meat. _____.

Make sentence beginning with -ing/ not -ing/ having done. Sally is vegeterian. So she doesn't eat any kind of meat. _____.

Being vegeterian, Sally doesn't eat any kind of meat.

17

Make sentence beginning with -ing/ not -ing/ having done. I didn't know his e-mail address. So I wasn't able to contact him. _____.

Make sentence beginning with -ing/ not -ing/ having done. I didn't know his e-mail address. So I wasn't able to contact him. _____.

Not knowing his e-mail address, I wasn't able to contact him.

18

Make sentence beginning with -ing/ not -ing/ having done. Sarah has traveled a lot. She she knows a lot about other countries. _____.

Make sentence beginning with -ing/ not -ing/ having done. Sarah has traveled a lot. She she knows a lot about other countries. _____.

Having traveled a lot, Sarah knows a lot about other countries.

19

Make sentence beginning with -ing/ not -ing/ having done. I wasn't able to speak the local language. So I had trouble communicating. _____.

Make sentence beginning with -ing/ not -ing/ having done. I wasn't able to speak the local language. So I had trouble communicating. _____.

Not being able to speak local language, I had trouble communicating.

20

Make sentence beginning with -ing/ not -ing/ having done. We had spent nearly all our money. So we couldn't afford to stay in a hotel. _____.

Make sentence beginning with -ing/ not -ing/ having done. We had spent nearly all our money. So we couldn't afford to stay in a hotel. _____.

Having spent nearly all our money, we couldn't afford to stay in a hotel.