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Flashcards in Initial Exam Deck (173):
1

Abrasion

Scrape of the skin due to something abrasive

2

Acute

New, usually of rapid onset and of concern, opposite of chronic

3

Ambulate

To walk from place to place

4

Anterior

Located towards the front of the body

5

Artery

Blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart

6

Benign

Normal, of no danger to health

7

Bradycardia

Slow heart-rate (less than 60bmp)

8

Cardiomegaly

Enlarged heart

9

Cholecystitis

Inflammation of the cholecyst (gallbladder)

10

Chronic

Long-standing, constant. Opposite of acute

11

COPD

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, lung disease commonly seen in smokers

12

Coronary artery

The artery that supplies heart tissue with blood

13

Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA)

a.k.a. "Stroke". Lack of blood supply to the brain causing brain damage

14

Diaphoresis

Sweating

15

Distal

Farther from the trunk of the body

16

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

A blood clot in a deep vein, most often an extremity

17

Dyspnea

Problems with breathing

18

Dysuria

Painful urination

19

Ecchysmosis

A bruise

20

Edema

Swelling

21

Emesis

Vomiting

22

Epistaxis

Nose bleed

23

Erythema/Erythematous

Redness/Red

24

Febrile

Elevated body temperature, fever, indicative of infection

25

Grossly

Obviously; a lot; wholly

26

Hematemesis

Very large amounts of blood in the vomit

27

Hematuria

Very large amounts of blood in the urine

28

Hemoptysis

Coughing up very large amounts of blood

29

Hemorrhage

Excessive or profuse bleeding

30

Hepatomegaly

Enlarged liver

31

Hypertension

High blood pressure

32

Hypotension

Low blood pressure

33

Hypoxia

Low oxygen saturation of the body, not enough oxygen in the blood

34

Infarct

Area of dead tissue after a lack of blood supply

35

Inferior

Lower on the body, farther from the head

36

Ischemia

Lack of blood supply

37

Laceration

Splitting of the skin due to trauma (a cut due to something sharp)

38

Lateral

Farther from the midline (a line that can be traced from nose to belly-button)

39

Medial

Nearer to the midline

40

Melena

Black tarry stool

41

Myocardial Infarction (MI)

Death of cardiac muscle due to ischemia

42

Myalgia

Muscular pain, "muscle aches"

43

Oriented x3

Oriented to person, place, and time

44

Pallor

Pale skin

45

Posterior/Dorsal

Rear or backside of the body

46

Proximal

Nearer to the trunk of the body

47

Pruritic

Itchy

48

Pulmonary Embolism (PE)

Blocking of a pulmonary artery due to a blood clot

49

Purulent

Pus-like

50

Rales

Crackles; wet crackling noise in lungs

51

Rhinorrhea

Clear nasal discharge, "runny nose"

52

Rhonchi

Rattling noise of mucous in the lungs

53

Sepsis

Dangerous infection of the blood

54

STEMI

ST elevation MI, real-time ongoing death of heart tissue due to ischemia

55

Superior

Higher on the body, nearer to the head

56

Supine

Body position lying face up

57

Syncope

"Passing out", loss of consciousness or fainting

58

Tachycardia

Fast heart rate (greater than 100bpm)

59

Tachypnea

Increased breathing rate

60

Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)

Minor stroke; where neurological function is regained quickly with time

61

Vein

Blood vessel carrying blood towards the heart

62

Vertigo

Condition of dizziness, "room spinning"

63

Wheezing

High pitched sound heard in the lungs with asthmatics or lung disease

64

AAA

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

65

A Fib

Atrial Fibrillation

66

Abd

Abdomen, Abdominal

67

Abx

Antibiotics

68

AMA

Against Medical Advice

69

AMS

Altered Mental Status

70

ASA

Acetylsalicylic Acid (Aspirin)

71

BID

Twice Daily

72

Bilat LE

Bilateral Lower Extremities

73

BM

Bowel Movement

74

BP

Blood Pressure

75

CA

Cancer, Carcinoma

76

CABG

Coronary Artery Bypass Graft, "Open heart surgery"

77

CAD

Coronary Artery Disease, "heart disease"

78

CT or CAT

Computerized Assisted Tomography

79

CHF

Congestive Heart Failure

80

COPD

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

81

CP

Chest Pain

82

CPR

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

83

C-section

Cesarean Section

84

C-spine

Cervical Spine

85

CSF

Cerebrospinal Fluid

86

CVA

Cerebrovascular Accident -or- Costovertebral Angle

87

CXR

Chest X-Ray

88

c/o

Complains of

89

C-Spine

Cervical Spine (neck)

90

DKA

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

91

DM

Diabetes Mellitus

92

DNR

Do Not Resuscitate

93

DOE

Dyspnea On Exertion

94

DVT

Deep Venous Thrombosis

95

Dx

Diagnosis

96

Dz

Disease

97

EKG/ECG

Electrocardiogram

98

EtOH

Alchohol

99

FHx

Family History

100

Fx

Fracture

101

GI

Gastrointestinal

102

G/P/Ab

Gravida/Para/Abortion

103

GSW

Gun Shot Wound

104

GU

Genitourinary

105

HA

Headache

106

HEENT

Head, Eyes, Ears, Nose, Throat

107

HPI

History of Present Illness

108

HTN

Hypertension

109

Hx

History

110

H&H

Hemoglobin and Hematocrit

111

H&P

History of Present Illness and Physical Exam

112

I&D

Incision and Drainage

113

IDDM

Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus

114

IUP

Intrauterine Pregnancy

115

IVDA

IV Drug Abuse

116

JVD

Jugular Vein Distension

117

LLE

Left Lower Extremity

118

LLQ

Left Lower Quadrant

119

LNMP

Last Normal Menstrual Period

120

LOC

Loss of Consciousness

121

LP

Lumbar Puncture

122

L-spine

Lumbar spine

123

LUE

Left Upper Extremity

124

LUQ

Left Upper Quadrant

125

MCA

Motorcycle Accident

126

MI

Myocardial Infarction

127

MVA/MVC

Motor Vehicle Accident/Collision

128

N/A

Not Applicable

129

NAD

No Acute Distress, No Acute Disease

130

NIDDM

Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus

131

NKDA

No known Drug Allergies

132

Nml -or- nl

Normal

133

NSAID

Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug

134

NSR

Normal Sinus Rhythm

135

NTG

Nitroglycerin

136

N/V/D

Nausea/Vomiting/Diarrhea

137

O2 Sat or SaO2

Oxygen Saturation

138

OD

Overdose

139

PCP (PMD)

Primary Care Physician

140

PE

Pulmonary Embolism

141

PERRL

Pupils are equal, round, and reactive to light

142

PO

Per Os (by mouth)

143

prn

As needed

144

pt

Patient

145

PTA

Prior To Arrival

146

PUD

Peptic Ulcer Disease

147

qd

Every Day

148

qh

Every Hour

149

qhs

At Every Bedtime

150

q2h

Every 2 Hours

151

QID

Four Times a Day

152

RLE

Right Lower Extremity

153

RLQ

Right Lower Quadrant

154

ROM

Range of Motion

155

ROS

Review of System

156

RUE

Right Upper Extremity

157

RUQ

Right Upper Quadrant

158

Rx

Prescription

159

r/o

Rule Out

160

SOB

Shortness of Breath

161

s/p

Status Post (after)

162

Sx

Stymptoms

163

TIA

Transient Ischemic Attack

164

TID

Three Times a Day

165

TM

Tympanic Membrane

166

T-spine

Thoracic spine

167

Tx

Treatment

168

UA

Urinalysis

169

URI

Upper Respiratory Infection

170

US

Ultrasound

171

UTD

Up to Date

172

UTI

Urinary Tract Infection

173

WNL

Within Normal Limits