Injury & Rehab Year 2 ONLY Flashcards Preview

Barton Peveril A Level PE > Injury & Rehab Year 2 ONLY > Flashcards

Flashcards in Injury & Rehab Year 2 ONLY Deck (57)
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1

What is meant by the term acute injury?

An injury that occurs at a specific, sudden moment of time

2

What is meant by the term chronic injury?

An injury that occurs over a longer period of time

3

What is a soft tissue injury?

Damage or injury to soft tissues such as tendons, ligaments, muscle (strains and sprains)

4

What is a hard tissue injury?

Damage to bones and cartilage

5

What is a fracture?

A complete or partial break in a bone due to excessive force

6

What is a compound (open) fracture?

The bone breaks the skin

7

What is a simple (closed) fracture?

The bone does not break the skin

8

Name 5 specific types of bone fracture...

Normal, transverse, oblique, spiral, greenstick, comminuted, segmental, avulsed, impacted, torus, linear.

9

What is a dislocation?

ACUTE, HARD - When one bone becomes displaced from another.

10

What is a sublaxation?

ACUTE, HARD - An incomplete or partial dislocation.

11

What is a contusion?

ACUTE, SOFT - Another name for a bruise where the blood vessels have ruptured.

12

What is a haemotoma?

SOFT - The damaged tissue from a contusion leads to localised bleeding.

13

What is a sprain?

SOFT - Overstretch, pull or tear to the joint ligaments

14

What is a strain?

SOFT - Overstretch, pull or tear of the muscle fibres

15

What is an abrasion?

Superficial damage to the skin

16

What is a blister?

Seperation of the layers of skin where a pocket of fluid forms

17

What is a concussion?

Traumatic brain injury resulting in disturbance in brain function.

18

What are the symptoms of concussion?

Nausea, memory loss, confusion, loss of consciousness, fear, headache, dizziness.

19

What physically happens to the brain during concussion?

It absorbs significant physical contact from the cranium or ricochets of one side of the cranium to the other.

20

What is osteoarthritis?

CHRONIC - A degenerative joint condition
where the cartilage between the
bone ends wears away.

21

What is a stress fracture?

A tiny crack in the bone which can become worse over time or with repeated use.

22

What is shin splints?

CHRONIC - Chronic shin pain at the tibialis anterior where the periosteum (surrounding membrane) and tendons become inflamed due to excessive load/use.

23

What is tendonitis?

CHRONIC - Deterioration of the tendon's tissue (collagen)

24

What is an intrinsic risk factor?

Forces from within the body which contribute to injury.

25

What is an extrinsic risk factor?

Forces from outside the body which contribute to injury.

26

Identify 7 intrinsic risk factors.

Physical make-up
Previous injury
Physical fitness
Posture/ alignment
Poor nutrition
Age
Flexibility

27

Identify 5 extrinsic risk factors.

Poor biomechanical training
Poor technique
Incorrect equipment or clothing
Inappropriate load
Lack of variance in training

28

Identify 4 aims of a warm-up.

Raise body temperature
Prepare athlete physically
Prepare athlete mentally
Reduce risk of injury

29

How long should a warm-up last?

20-45 minutes

30

What are the three phases of a warm-up?

HR-raising activity
Stretching and mobility section
Sports specific exercises or skill element