INRS 7311 : An Introduction to Defintions , Paradigms and Theories in Research Theme 2 : Research Paradigms Flashcards Preview

BACC 3RD YEAR > INRS 7311 : An Introduction to Defintions , Paradigms and Theories in Research Theme 2 : Research Paradigms > Flashcards

Flashcards in INRS 7311 : An Introduction to Defintions , Paradigms and Theories in Research Theme 2 : Research Paradigms Deck (8):
1

Define a paradigm in your own words 3 marks

Best and most simply described as a cluster or set of beliefs . . Dictates how any particular research is done .

2

Explain a paradigm shift in your own words . 4 marks .

*Scientists over time develop a set way of carrying out research analysis etc.
*Sooner or later , a situation arises where those set ways are challenged , thus requiring a shift .
*A paradigm shift is then defined as a change in set ways of thinking or operating , to adapt properly to these aforementioned new situations .

3

Explain ways of generating knowledge 9 marks .

*Empirical-analytical : A technical science .Deals with events that can be observed and scientifically explained . Linked to positivism and quantitative research . Aims to find causal relationships

*Historical-hermeneutic : Practical in nature , tries to understand a phenomenon in-depth . Linked to interpretivism and qualitative research . Aims to improve understanding .

*Critically orientated : A science looking to improve self-actualisation and autonomy . Blends quali and quantitative research . Linked to critical realism . Aims to free people from oppression

4

Distinguish between science and non-science 2 marks .

*Science = Rigourous investigations into the unknown . Great effort to verify results .

*Non-science = Common sense knowledge that is widely agreed upon .

5

Distinguish between the three dominant research traditions . 9 marks .

*Positivism = Broadly described as the approach of the natural sciences . Insists that only verifiable/objective facts should be considered . Aims to find causal relationships .

*Interpretivism = Developed as a reaction to positivisms shortcomings . Main idea of the paradigm is that people are different from objects and thus can't be studied in such a black and white manner . Aims to get a much deeper understanding .

*Critical realism = A mixed method approach aimed to correct positivism's narrow , non human approach and Interpretivism's broad contextual approach. Aims to free people from repression using research .

6

Describe Positivism in terms of its ontological , epistemiological , metatheoretic , methodological and axiological positions 10 marks

**Ontological = Anything verifiable via study
*Epistemomology = Studies , trials etc
*Metatheory = Can these theories link cause to effect ?
*Methodology = Quantitative
*Axiology= Facts , observations .

7

Describe Interpretivism in terms of its ontological , epistemiological , metatheoretic , methodological and axiological positions 10 marks

*Ontology = Anything felt very strongly about .
*Epistemology = Human mind , behaviour , interactions
*Metatheory = Is the theory unique ? Does it have varied applications each time
*Methodology = Qualitative
*Axiology = Understanding , Uniqueness and Subjectivity .

8

Describe Critical Realism in terms of its ontological , epistemiological , metatheoretic , methodological and axiological positions

* Ontology = Constant power struggle
*Epistemology = Oppressive struggle
*Metatheory = Are there ways to utilize theories for liberation ?
*Methodology = Mixed method . (Quantitative and Qualitative)
*Axiology = Emancipation

Decks in BACC 3RD YEAR Class (25):