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Flashcards in Insecta Deck (23):
1

Dictyoptera

Cockroaches

2

Coleoptera

Beetles
- Blister Beetles

3

Lepidoptera

Butterflies
Moths

4

Hymenoptera

Ants
Bees
Wasps

5

Hemiptera

True bugs
- Kissing bugs (intermediate host to Trypanosoma cruzi):
*Reduviid bugs
*Rhodnius spp
*Panstrongylus spp
*Triatoma spp
- Cimex lectularius (Bed Bug)

6

Mallophaga

Chewing lice
- Gliricola porcelli (Guinea pig lice)
- Gyropus ovalis (Guinea pig lice)
Biting lice

7

Anoplura

Sucking lice
- Polyplax serrata (Mouse louse)
- Polyplax spinulosa (Rat louse)
- Hoplopleura meridionidis (Gerbil louse)
- Hemodipsus ventricosus (Rabbit louse)

8

Diptera (only adult females feed on blood)

Two-Winged Flies:
*Periodic parasites
*ONLY ADULT FEMALES FEED ON VERTEBRATE BLOOD!!!
- Simulum spp (black flies or buffalo gnats)
- Lutzomyia spp (sand flies or new world sand flies)
- Phlebotomus spp (sand flies)
- Culicoides spp (No-See-Ums or sand flies)
- Anopheles quadrimaculatus (Malaria mosquito)
- Aedes aegypti (Yellow fever mosquito)
- Culex spp (Mosquito)
- Chrysops spp (Deer flies)
- Tabanus spp (Horse flies)

9

Diptera (both adult males & females feed on blood)

Two-Winged Flies:
*Periodic parasites
*BOTH ADULT MALES AND FEMALES FEED ON VERTEBRATE BLOOD!!!
- Glossina spp (Tsetse fly)
- Stomoxys calcitrans (Stable fly, Biting house fly, Legsticker)
- Haematobia irritans (Horn fly)
- Melphagus ovinus (Sheep keds)
- Lynchia spp (Bird keds)
- Pseudolynchia spp (Bird keds)
- Musca domestica (House fly)
- Musca autumnalis (Face fly)
- Calliphora spp, Lucilia spp, Phormia spp, Phaenicia spp (Bottle or Blow flies)
- Sarcophaga spp (Flesh fly)
- Liohippelates spp (Dog penis gnats)

10

Dipteran fly larvae that infest the skin (facultative)

*FACULTATIVE MYIASIS PRODUCING FLIES!!!
- Musca domestica
- Calliphora spp
- Phaenicia spp
- Lucilia spp
- Phormia spp
- Sarcophaga spp

11

Dipteran fly larvae that infest the skin (obligatory)

*OBLIGATORY MYIASIS PRODUCING FLIES!!!
- Cochliomyia Hominivorax (Screwworm)
- Cuterebra spp (Warbles)
- Hypoderma spp (Gad flies - adults; Cattle grubs - larvae)

12

Dipteran fly larvae that infect the GI tract

Gasterophilus spp (Bot flies - adults; Horse bots - larvae)

13

Dipteran fly larvae that infect the respiratory tract

Oestrus ovis (Nasal bot fly - adults; Grub - larvae)

14

Siphonaptera

Fleas
- Ctenocephalides felis
- Ctenocephalides canis
- Cediopsylla simplex (Rabbits)
- Odontopsylla multispinosus (Rabbits)
- Echidnophaga gallinacean (Poultry)

15

Acarina

Mites
Ticks

16

Sarcoptiform mites (2 forms)

Sarcoptidae
- burrow or tunnel within the epidermis
Psoroptidae
- reside on the surface of the skin
- reside within the external ear canal

17

Sarcoptidae (mites)

- Sarcoptes scabei (felis, suis, bovis, equi, ovis)
- Notoedres cati (Scabies mite of cats)
- Notoedres muris (Scabies mite of rats)
- Cnemidocoptes pilae (Budgerigars & parakeets)
- Cnemidocoptes mutans (Poultry)
- Trixacaris caviae (Guinea pigs)

18

Psoroptidae (mites)

- Psoroptes cuniculi (Rabbits, horses, goats, sheep)
- Psoroptes ovis (Scabies mite of sheep)
- Psoroptes bovis (Scabies mite of cattle)
- Psoroptes equi (Scabies mite of horses)
- Chorioptes equi (Foot/tail mite of horses)
- Chorioptes bovis (Foot/tail mite of cattle)
- Chorioptes caprae (Foot/tail mite of goats)
- Chorioptes ovis (Foot/tail mite of sheep)
- Otodectes cynotis (Dogs, cats, ferrets)

19

Non-sarcoptiform mites

- Demodex spp (Host specific)
- Trombicula spp (Domestic & wild animals, humans)
- Pneumonyssus caninum
- Ornithonyssus sylviarum (Poultry)
- Dermanyssus gallinae (Poultry)
- Ornithonyssus bacoti (Rats & Mice)

20

Fur mites

- Cheyletiella parasitivorax (Dogs, cats, rabbits)
- Lynxacarus radovskyi (Mice)
- Myobia musculi (Mice)
- Myocoptes musculinus (Mice)
- Radfordia affinis (Mice)
- Radfordia ensifera (Rats)
- Chirodiscoides caviae (Guinea pig)
- Listrophorus gibbus (Rabbits)

21

Two forms of ticks

Argasid ticks (soft ticks)
Ixodid ticks (hard ticks)

22

Argasid ticks

Soft ticks:
- Otobius megnini (= Spinose Ear Ticks: dogs, horses, cattle, sheep, goats)
- Argas persicus (= Fowl ticks: chickens, turkeys, wild birds)

23

Ixodid ticks

Hard ticks:
- Ixodes scapularis (Deer tick)
- Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Brown dog tick)
- Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick: small mammals, dogs, humans)
- Dermacentor andersoni (Rocky Mountain wood tick: small rodents - larval & nymphal stages; dogs, horses, cattle, goats, sheep, humans - adult stage)
- Dermacentor occidentalis (Pacific Coast dog tick)
- Amblyomma americanum (Lone Star tick)
- Amblyomma maculatum (Gulf Coast tick)
- Boophilus annulatus (Texas cattle fever tick; North American tick)
- Haemaphysalis leporispalustris (Continental rabbit tick)