Instituional Aggression Flashcards Preview

Aggression > Instituional Aggression > Flashcards

Flashcards in Instituional Aggression Deck (11):
1

What is institutional aggression?

Aggression that occurs in environment with clearly prescribed set of rules and expectations that are meant to govern behaviour
Prisons

2

What are the situational explanations of aggression?

Aggression is caused by the environment in the institution

3

What study supports the situational explanation?

Zimbardo
The situation made the 'good men do bad things'

4

What are dispositional explanations?

Aggression is caused by the characteristics of the individuals in the institution

5

What does the deprivation model state?

Conditions in prisons cause inmates to be aggressive e.g overcrowding

6

Who supports the deprivation model?

Megargee - crowding levels correlated with levels of disruptive behaviour

Samuelson - reduction in aggression in 1350 inmates following mindfulness based stress reduction

7

Outline the importation model

Imported characteristics cause aggression e.g gang tattoos

8

What studies support the importation model?

Irwin and Casey - social norms inmates bring with them e.g norms of criminal gangs
Dabbs - those with higher testosterone more aggressive in prison
Harer and Steffensmeier- black inmates more violent, mirrors trends is American society (gangs)

9

Evaluate institutional aggression
Deprivation model

Levels of stress are constant, but violence is not
Contradictory- McCorke - no correlation between overcrowding and aggression

10

Evaluate institutional aggression
Importation model

Fails to provide suggestions to manage violent offenders

11

Evaluation of institutional aggression

Both factors play a part
Jiang and Fisher-Giorlando - importation model is suited to explaining violence towards other inmates, deprivation model towards prison staff