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M1T2 OMM Midterm Jason > Integrative Medicine > Flashcards

Flashcards in Integrative Medicine Deck (25):
1

An important aspect of integrative medicine is that it is informed by ________.

Evidence

2

Medicine that views the physical, mental, and spiritual aspects of life as closely interconnected is known as ________ medicine.

Holistic

3

Integrative medicine was first made popular by ________ at his program in ________.

Dr. Weil, Tucson, AZ

4

What year did the American Holistic Medical Association start?

1978

5

When did the first fellowship in Integrative Medicine begin?

1997

6

When did board certification by the American Board of Integrative Holistic Medicine start?

2000

7

When was the American Board of Integrative Medicine established?

2014

8

What are some herbs/nutritional medicines that can be recommended for irritable bowel syndrome?

Peppermint

Fennel

Probiotics

Saccharomyces boulardii

9

The volatile oil found in peppermint (menthol) has what property? What is this most likely due to?

Antispasmodic

Calcium channel blockade

10

Other GI effects that peppermint oil can have are:

Improve rhythmic peristaltic activity

Relieves intestinal spasm

Increased bile secretion

Antiulcerogenic effect

11

In the GI system, fennel has ________ effects and probably acts as an ________ and ________.

Antispasmodic, anticholinergic, calcium blocker

12

Prebiotics are complex sugars used as ________ by bacteria.

Fuel

13

Probiotics are particularly helpful for treating ________.

Antibiotic associated diarrhea

14

________ is a non-pathogenic yeast strain isolated from the skins of tropical fruit and is used to prevent and treat diarrhea.

Saccharomyces boulardii

15

S. boulardii also helps prevent ________ associated with antibiotic use, tube feedings, and GI infections (especially of children)

Diarrhea

16

________ produces a protein that breaks down and inhibits the binding of C. difficile-produced toxin A.

S. boulardii

17

The focus of ________ medicine is on systems, often starting with the GI system.

Functional

18

What are the 4 R’s of Functional Medicine?

Remove

Reinnoculation

Replace

Repair

19

Dysbiosis and intestinal hyperpermeability can lead to a ________, ________, and ________.

Hyperactive immune system, allergic reactions, increased HPA axis activity

20

TCM originated in China and evolved over ________ years ago

2500

21

The TCM concept of acupuncture consists of ________ principle meridians and ________ “extraordinary” meridians.

12, 8

22

“Vital dynamis” is disease caused by deterioration of an immaterial vital principle in individuals and is associated with ________.

Homeopathy

23

Homeopathy became popular with physicians in Philadelphia in what year(s)?

1830s

24

When was the Office of Alternative Medicine set up with NIH?

1993

25

When was the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine established?

1998