Intelligence Pt. 2 Flashcards Preview

Psych 105 > Intelligence Pt. 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intelligence Pt. 2 Deck (14):
1

Identical (Monozygotic) Twins.

Develop from the splitting of a single egg that was fertilized by a single sperm.

2

Fraternal (Dizygotic) Twins.

Twins who develop from two different eggs that were fertilized by two different sperm.

3

Charlemains argues that the studies on twins have led us to believe that...

There is a genetic origin of many behavioural characteristics.

4

Utility of twins completely based upon the assumption that...

Twins are identical.

5

There is growing evidence that monozygotic twins may not be ___.

Identical.

6

Heritability Coefficient.

A statistic that describes the proportion of the difference between people's scores that can be explained by differences in their genetic makeup.

7

Terman's Suggestions.

Intelligence is influenced by genes, and some groups perform better on intelligence tests.

8

Plomin's Observations.

High heritability tells us about the variation, not the causes- does not tell us if environmental changes or interventions have a significant impact.

9

Flynn Effect.

Refers to the accidental discovery that the average intelligence test score has been rising by 0.3% every year.

10

Cognitive Enhancers.

Substances such as ritalin and adderall.

11

Criticisms of IQ challenges.

-Culturally biased.
-Linked to Puritan (Darwinian and eugenic) ideology.
-Academically driven.
-Situation and environment mattters.

12

Research has demonstrated that ___ ___ is a better predictor of intelligence than ___.

Socioeconomic status, ethnicity.

13

Knowledge is ___ and ___.

Power and political.

14

IQ reflects ___ demands, not ___ demands.

Societal, cognitive.