Interstitial And Occupational Lund Disease Flashcards Preview

Year 1 - Respiratory (DP) > Interstitial And Occupational Lund Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Interstitial And Occupational Lund Disease Deck (14):
0

What symptoms does interstitial lung disease cause?

SoB
Dry cough

1

What is sarcoidosis?

Granulomatous (Type iv) disease

2

Symptoms of acute sarcoidosis?

Erythema nodosum
Bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy
Arthritis
Uveitis
Fever

3

Symptoms of chronic sarcoidosis?

Lung infiltrates
Skin infiltrates
Peripheral lymphadenopathy
Hypercalcaemia

4

What investigations would be carried out to diagnose sarcoidosis?

CXR and CT
Tissue biopsy
ACE level check (high in sarcoidosis)

5

Treatment of sarcoidosis

Immunosuppression
- Azathioprine
- Methotrexate
- Anti-TNF therapy

6

What is extrinsic allergic alveolitis?

Type iii hypersensitivity

7

What causes extrinsic allergic alveolitis?

Thermopilic bacteria
- Farmers/Malt workers/Mushroom workers lung
Avian antigens
- Bird fanciers lung
Drugs
- Gold
- Bleomycin/Methotrexate

8

Symptoms of extrinsic allergic alveolitis

Cough
SoB
Fever
Myalgia
Several hours after exposure
Crackles
Hypoxia

9

How does extrinsic allergic alveolitis appear on CXR?

Widespread infiltrates

10

Ground-glass appearance on CT

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

11

A benign condition caused by asbestos exposure

Pleural plaques

12

Malignant condition caused by asbestos

Mesothelioma

13

What kinds of biopsy can be performed in ILD?

Transbronchial
Thoracoscopic