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Flashcards in Intro and Research Methods Deck (17):
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Wilhelm Wundt?

Founder of psychology as experimental science

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Sigmund Freud?

Founder of psychoanalysis

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Carl Rogers?

Founder of humanistic psychology

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Biological perspective

Emphasizes studying the physical bases of human and animal behavior, including the nervous system, endocrine system, immune system and genetics.

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Psychodynamic perspective

Emphasizes the importance of unconscious influences, early life experiences, and interpersonal relationships in explaining behavior

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Behavioral perspective

Emphasizes how behavior is acquired or modified by environmental causes

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Humanistic perspective

Focuses on the motivation of people to grow psychologically

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Cross-cultural perspective

Studies the effects of culture on behavior and mental processes

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Scientific method

A set of assumptions, attitudes and procedures that guide researchers in creating questions to investigate, in generating evidence, and in drawing conclusions

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Basic goals of scientific method

Describe, explain, predict, control or influence

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Steps in scientific method

1) formulate a specific question that can be treated
2) design a study to collect relevant data
3) analyze the data to arrive at conclusions
4) report the results

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Descriptive methods

Strategies for observing and describing behavior

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Naturalistic observation

Systematic observation and recording of behaviors as they occur in their natural setting

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Case study

An intensive, in-depth investigation of an individual, a family, or some other social unit

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Placebo

A fake substance, treatment, or procedure that has no known direct effects

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Placebo effects

Any change attributed to the persons beliefs and expectations rather than an actual drug, treatment or procedure

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Double blind technique

experimental control in therapeutic effectiveness studies.