Intro and Terminology Flashcards Preview

Anatomy! Written 1 > Intro and Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intro and Terminology Deck (41):
1

Anatomical Position

Head, eyes, and toes facing anteriorly
Upper limbs by side with palms facing anteriorly
Lower limbs together with feet facing anteriorly

2

Median Anatomical Plane

Only one, longitudinally down the midline

3

Sagittal Anatomical Plane

Parallel to the median plane

4

Coronal Anatomical Plane

Crown on, gives us anterior and posterior

5

Horizontal Anatomical Plane

Transverse, gives us superior and inferior

6

Longitudinal Section

Sagittal

7

Transverse Section

Cross, horizontal

8

Oblique Section

Crossectional

9

Superficial, Intermediate, Deep

In relation to skin
Sternum is superficial to the heart

10

Medial/Lateral

Using the midline
Chest is medial to the arm

11

Posterior (Dorsal) / Anterior (Ventral)

Back, Front

12

Inferior (Caudal) / Superior (Cranial)

Bottom, Top

13

Proximal/Distal

Close to the point of origin, Away from it
Humerus is proximal to the radius

14

Dorsum/Palm and Sole

Back side of hand and foot, other side

15

Contralateral/Ipsilateral

Opposite side, Same side

16

Flexion/Extension

Decrease in angle between joints, Increase in angle between joints

17

Abduction/Adduction

Away from the midline, Toward the midline

18

Medial and Lateral Rotation

Toward the midline, Away from the midline

19

Circumduction

like arm circles

20

Opposition

thumb

21

Protrusion/Retrusion

Jaw out, jaw in

22

Elevation/Depression

traps up, traps down

23

Eversion/Inversion

Lateral margin up, Medial margin up

24

Pronation/Supination

Has to do with radius and ulna
Supination - palm up

25

Agonist/Antagonist

Prime mover, opposes the prime mover

26

Synergist

Complement actions of prime mover
Bicep curls

27

Fixators

Steady proximal parts of a limb while movement occurs distally
Dead lifting - back muscles stay steady

28

Radiographic Density

Degree of blackness of a film

29

Radiographic Contrast

Difference in radiographic densities of a film

30

Radiolucent

Structures that permit the passage of the x-ray causing the representative areas to appear black on exposed film (air)

31

Radiopaque/Radiodense

Structures that do not permit the passage of x-rays causing the representative areas to appear light or white on exposed film (bone)

32

Fat

Gray/Black

33

Water

Gray

34

Radiographic Image Rule

To reduce the undesirable effect of magnification is to have the part of greatest interest closest to the film

35

AP

Anterior - Posterior
Gives magnified images

36

PA

Posterior - Anterior
Does not magnify images
Sharper
Used for CXR

37

CT

Computerized Tomography

38

MRI

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

39

IVP

Intravenous Pyelogram

40

KUB

Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder

41

CXR

Chest X-Ray