Intro to Anatomy, Bones and Joints Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Intro to Anatomy, Bones and Joints Deck (36):
1

Name the ventral body cavities

Thoracic cavity
Pleural cavity
Abdominal cavity
Pelvic cavity

2

Name the dorsal body cavities

Cranial cavity
Spinal cavity

3

At what vertebral level is the Sternal Angle located ?

T4

4

At what vertebral level is the summit of the illiac crest ?

L4

5

At what vertebral level is the xiphisternal joint located ?

T9

6

What are the bones of the axial skeleton ?

Skull
Spine
Rib cage

7

Bones of the appendicular skeleton

Bones of the limbs
Hips

8

What is the function of compact bone ?

Strength and stability

9

What is the function of spongy bone ?

Blood supply

10

What is the function of the marrow cavity ?

Production of:
RBC
WBC and platelets

11

What is compact bone surrounded by on the outside ?

The periostium

12

Inside the bone the comp[act bone later is coated by the ?

Endosteum

13

What is the function of the periostium ?

Provides and interface for attachment of tendons and ligaments

14

What kind of cartilage is found at either end of a long bone ?

Articular cartilage

15

What is the name of the shaft of the bone ?

The diaphysis

16

What is the name of the end of the bone ?

Epiphysis ?

17

What is found between the epiphysis and the diaphysis ?

Metaphysis

18

Where is the bone marrow found in the bone ?

The medullary cavity

19

What is the line of hyaline cartilage found in the bone called ?

Epiphyseal plate

20

What is appositional bone growth and where does it occur ?

When the width of the bone grows and it occurs in the periostium

21

What is interstitial bone growth and where does it occur ?

When the length of the bone grows and it occurs at the epiphyseal growth plate

22

Name 5 types of bones

1: Flat bones
2: Irregular bones
3: Long bones
4:Short bones
5: Sesamoid bones

23

Tendons attach what to what ?

Muscle to bone

24

Ligaments attach what to what ?

Bone to bone

25

What is intramembranous ossification ?

Occurs very early in the fetal development where bone is created from a mesenchyme model .
Makes flat bones

26

What is endochondrial ossification ?

Occurs later on in fetal development where bones is formed from a hyaline cartilage model.
Usually forms most of the bones of the body such as long bones

27

What kind of joint is the inter-vertebral disc ?

Fibrocartilaginous (Symphysis)

28

What kind of joint is the shoulder and hip ?

Ball and socket synovial joint

29

What kind of joint is the eblow an knee joint ?

Synovial hinge joint

30

What kind of joint is the vertebral facet joint ?

Synovial plane joint

31

What kind of joint is the superior and inferior radioulnar joint ?

Synovial pivot joint

32

How many cervical vertebrae are there ?

7

33

How many thoracic vertebrae are there ?

12

34

How many lumbar vertebrae are there ?

5

35

How many sacral vertebrae are there ?

5

36

How many parts are fused to make up the coccyx ?

4