Flashcards in Intro to Anatomy, Bones and Joints Deck (36):
Name the ventral body cavities
Name the dorsal body cavities
At what vertebral level is the Sternal Angle located ?
At what vertebral level is the summit of the illiac crest ?
At what vertebral level is the xiphisternal joint located ?
What are the bones of the axial skeleton ?
Bones of the appendicular skeleton
Bones of the limbs
What is the function of compact bone ?
Strength and stability
What is the function of spongy bone ?
What is the function of the marrow cavity ?
WBC and platelets
What is compact bone surrounded by on the outside ?
Inside the bone the comp[act bone later is coated by the ?
What is the function of the periostium ?
Provides and interface for attachment of tendons and ligaments
What kind of cartilage is found at either end of a long bone ?
What is the name of the shaft of the bone ?
What is the name of the end of the bone ?
What is found between the epiphysis and the diaphysis ?
Where is the bone marrow found in the bone ?
The medullary cavity
What is the line of hyaline cartilage found in the bone called ?
What is appositional bone growth and where does it occur ?
When the width of the bone grows and it occurs in the periostium
What is interstitial bone growth and where does it occur ?
When the length of the bone grows and it occurs at the epiphyseal growth plate
Name 5 types of bones
1: Flat bones
2: Irregular bones
3: Long bones
5: Sesamoid bones
Tendons attach what to what ?
Muscle to bone
Ligaments attach what to what ?
Bone to bone
What is intramembranous ossification ?
Occurs very early in the fetal development where bone is created from a mesenchyme model .
Makes flat bones
What is endochondrial ossification ?
Occurs later on in fetal development where bones is formed from a hyaline cartilage model.
Usually forms most of the bones of the body such as long bones
What kind of joint is the inter-vertebral disc ?
What kind of joint is the shoulder and hip ?
Ball and socket synovial joint
What kind of joint is the eblow an knee joint ?
Synovial hinge joint
What kind of joint is the vertebral facet joint ?
Synovial plane joint
What kind of joint is the superior and inferior radioulnar joint ?
Synovial pivot joint
How many cervical vertebrae are there ?
How many thoracic vertebrae are there ?
How many lumbar vertebrae are there ?
How many sacral vertebrae are there ?