Intro to Goniometry/Manual Muscle Testing Flashcards Preview

PT 514 Musculo Rehab > Intro to Goniometry/Manual Muscle Testing > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intro to Goniometry/Manual Muscle Testing Deck (25):
0

limited arom or prom may be because of

guarding, organic weakness, passive insufficiency (tight antagonist),

1

goniometry is greek for blank

angle measure

2

three tools for goniometry

goniometer, inclinometer/gravity goniometer, electrogoniometer

3

three parts of goniometer

body, stationary arm (proximal), moveable arm (distal)

4

two types of inclinometer

pendulum, bubble

5

amount of available motion at a giving joint starting at the anatomical neutral position

range of motion

6

example of writing goniometer measurement

L elbow AROM FLX 10 - 0 - 100 degrees painful (ERP or during motion)

7

if there is pain during motion then blank should be checked

ROMTPO

8

ROM changes with women blank changes

hormonal

9

soft tissue approximation end feed

soft

10

muscular, ligamentous end feel

firm

11

bone to bone end feel

hard

12

abnormal end feels are the same as normal end feels but occur blank or blank in rom or if the end feel is not its blank end feel

sooner, later, normal

13

abnormal end feel where no real end feel since end of ROM not reached due to pain or apprehension, no resistance except splint/spasm

empty

14

force/torque produced by a muscle during a maximum voluntary contraction (isometric, concentric, eccentric)

strength

15

the muscles that felt weak during break testing should be tested during blank

mmt

16

rating system for mmt

0 - none
1 - visual and palpatory without movement
2 - full ROM gravity eliminated
3 - Full ROM against gravity
4 - full ROM against mod resistance and pass break
5 - full ROM against max resistance and pass break

17

less than half range against moderate resistance

3+

18

more than half range gravity elminated

2 -

19

a plus in an mmt grade means blank

less than half range

20

a minus in mmt means

greater than half the range, but not full

21

plus minus system is most accurate with blank and below

3+

22

rating strength for a baby

f - funcitonal
wf - weak functional
nf- non functional
0 - no function

23

mmt must be reliable and blank

valid

24

two types of reliability

intertester, intratester