Flashcards in Intro To Living Things Deck (23):
If you were to asked to name some living things, or organisms, you might name yourself, a pet and some insects or plants.
A cell is the basic unit of structure and function in a organism.
Single called organisms, like bacteria are unicellular organisms.
Organisms that are composed of many cells are multicellular.
The combination of chemical reactions through which an orgnisum builds up or breaks down material is called metabolism
A chained in an organisms surroundings that causes the organism to react is called a stimulus
An organism reacts to a stimulus with a response-an action or a change in behavior.
Development is the process of change that occurs during an organisms life.
Asexual reproduction involves only one parent and produces offspring that are identical to the parent
Sexual reproduction involves two parents and combines their genetic material to produce anew organism that differs form the parents.
The mistakes idea that living things arise form non living sources is called spontaneous generation
In a controlled experiment, a scientist carries out a series of tests that are identical in every aspect except for one another.
Organisms that make their own food are called autotrophs
Orgisims that cannot make their own food are called heterotrophs.
The maintenance of stable inheritance conditions is called homeostasis.
Classification is the process of grouping things based on their similarities.
The scientific study of how organisms are classified are called taxonomy
Binomial means two names
A genus is a classification grouping that contagion similarities closely related organisms
A species is a group of similar organisms that can produce offspring that can also produce.
Prokaryotes are unicellular organisms whose cells lack a nucleus.
A nucleus is a dense area in the cell that contains nucleic acids-the chemical instructors that direct the cell’s activity’s