Flashcards in Intro to Pathology vs Pathophysiology Deck (21):
What is Pathophysiology
Study of the disruption of homeostasis due to disease or physiology of abnormal function
What is Pathology
Structural abnormalities which are expressed as diseases of cells, tissues, organs, and systems
What is Disease
The impairment of cells, tissues, organs or body system functions.
What is homeostasis
Dynamic steady state marked by appropriate regulatory responses
What is Etiology
The cause of the disease or disorder
What is Iatrogenic
As a result of medical treatment
What does Congenital mean?
Disorder occurring during fetal development
What does Nosocomial mean?
Infectious disorder from being inside of a hospital
What is an Acute Disease
Severe disorder with quick onset
What is a Chronic disease
Long-term disease characterized by exacerbations and remissions usually not curable
What is a Subacute Disease?
Somewhere between acute and chronic timeframes
What is a Subclinical Disease?
No signs or symptoms that does not progress
What is Carrier state?
Patient harbors an organism, but does not who signs or symptoms
What does syndrome mean?
Group of clinical symptoms and physical features that characterize a disorder
What are the features or Down syndrome (Trisomy 21)
Congenital Heart Disease
What are the features of Cushing syndrome?
Upper body obesity
Red, round face
What are the facial features of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Thin upper lip
Epicanthal folds on eyes
Flat nasal bridge
What are the features of Turner Syndrome
Coarctation of aorta
What are the features of Klinefelter syndrome?
Lack of beard or body hair
Gynecomastia (man boobs)
Lack of pubic hair