Intro to Pathology vs Pathophysiology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Intro to Pathology vs Pathophysiology Deck (21):
1

What is Pathophysiology

Study of the disruption of homeostasis due to disease or physiology of abnormal function

2

What is Pathology

Structural abnormalities which are expressed as diseases of cells, tissues, organs, and systems

3

What is Disease

The impairment of cells, tissues, organs or body system functions.

4

What is homeostasis

Dynamic steady state marked by appropriate regulatory responses

5

What is Etiology

The cause of the disease or disorder

6

Idiopathic Disease

Unidentifiable cause

7

What is Iatrogenic

As a result of medical treatment

8

What does Congenital mean?

Disorder occurring during fetal development

9

What does Nosocomial mean?

Infectious disorder from being inside of a hospital

10

What is an Acute Disease

Severe disorder with quick onset

11

What is a Chronic disease

Long-term disease characterized by exacerbations and remissions usually not curable

12

What is a Subacute Disease?

Somewhere between acute and chronic timeframes

13

What is a Subclinical Disease?

No signs or symptoms that does not progress

14

What is Carrier state?

Patient harbors an organism, but does not who signs or symptoms

15

What does syndrome mean?

Group of clinical symptoms and physical features that characterize a disorder

16

What are the features or Down syndrome (Trisomy 21)

Protruding tongue
Slanted Eyes
Mental retardation
Simian crease
Congenital Heart Disease

17

What are the features of Cushing syndrome?

Increased ACTH
Upper body obesity
Buffalo hump
Red, round face

18

What are the facial features of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Smooth philtrum
Thin upper lip
Epicanthal folds on eyes
Flat nasal bridge

19

What are the features of Turner Syndrome

XO karyotype
Coarctation of aorta
Webbed neck
Short stature

20

What are the features of Klinefelter syndrome?

XXY karyotype
Lack of beard or body hair
Gynecomastia (man boobs)
Lack of pubic hair

21

What bacteria is responsible for Toxic Shock syndrome?

Staphylococcus aureus
Causes skin rash