Intro To Pharmacology Flashcards Preview

COM: Neuro II (Exam I) > Intro To Pharmacology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intro To Pharmacology Deck (38):
1

What is the difference between pharmacodynamics aand pharmacokinetics?

Pharmacodynamics = how the drug affects the body

Pharmacokinetics = how the body deals with the drug

2

How many pounds is 1kg equivalent to?

2.2lb

3

What are the ADME parameters associated with pharmacokinetics?

Absorption
Distribution
Metabolism
Elimination

4

What is pharmacotherapeutics?

A field of study of the appropriate use of medications to effectively treat or prevent disease and manage symptoms

- Evidence based medicine

5

What is Pharmacogenetics?

A field of study of genetic impact on drug metabolic or handling processes which can affect individual responses to drugs

6

Define bioequivalence

Similar rate and extent of absorption

7

What is therapeutic equivalence?

Must be pharmaceuticals equivalent (same dose & form) and bioequivalent as well as have th sesame clinical effect and safety profile

8

Differentiate between an A & B equivalency rating

A = therapeutically equivalent

B = not therapeutically equivalent

9

Drugs are classified into one of 2 groups, what are they?

OTC/Behind the counter -> no prescription required

Legend (2 categories) -> prescription required

10

Legend drugs are classified into 2 groups, what are they?

Non-scheduled/non-controlled -> no abuse potential

Scheduled/controlled -> based on abuse/addiction potential &/or dose

11

Scheduled/controlled drugs are designated C-I thru C-V, what indicates a lower versus higher risk of abuse?

Lower ribs of abuse the higher the number

12

What is a microgram?

1/1000th of a milligram

13

How many ml is a teaspoon?

5ml

14

How many ml or tsps is a tablespoon?

Tablespoon = 15ml; or 3 tsps

15

How many ml are in an ounce?

30 ml (2 tbsps or 6 tsps)

16

How many ounces or ml are in 1 cup?

8 ounces or 240ml

17

How many ml or pints are in a quart?

946 ml or 2 pints

18

How many ml or ounces are in a pint?

473 ml or 16 ounces

19

How many L, quarts, and pints are in a gallon?

3.79 L
4 quarts
8 pints

20

What does the abbreviation qod mean?

Every other day

21

What does the abbreviation qhs mean?

Every night at bedtime

22

What does the abbreviation ac mean?

Before meals

23

What does the abbreviation pc mean?

After meals

24

What is the difference between the abbreviations qhs and QD?

Both are once a day but qhs is at bedtime and QD is whenever in the day

25

What is the difference between the abbreviations q6h and qid?

Qid implies while awake

26

What are the abbreviations for the eyes?

Od = right eye
Os = left eye
Ou = both eyes

27

What are the abbreviations for ears?

Ad = right ear
As = left ear
Au = both ears

28

What is the abbreviation for drops?

Gtt

29

What does the abbreviation sl mean?

Sublingually

30

What does the abbreviation sq mean?

Subcutaneously

31

What is the abbreviation for “per rectum”?

Pr

32

What does the abbreviation NGT mean?

Naso-Gastric Tube

33

What does the abbreviation OGT mean?

Oro-Gastric Tube

34

What is the abbreviation for as directed?

Ut. Dict. (Ud)

35

What does the abbreviation tra mean?

To run at

36

What does the abbreviation kvo mean?

Keep vein open (a slow infusion rate)

37

What does D5W, D10W, or D50W mean?

“X”% dextrose in water (the percent is also the grams in 100ml of water)

38

What is the normal NaCl percentage in 100ml saline solution?

0.9%

(1/2 NS = 0.45% NaCl and 1/4 NS = 0.225% NaCl)