Flashcards in Intro To Pharmacology Deck (38):
What is the difference between pharmacodynamics aand pharmacokinetics?
Pharmacodynamics = how the drug affects the body
Pharmacokinetics = how the body deals with the drug
How many pounds is 1kg equivalent to?
What are the ADME parameters associated with pharmacokinetics?
What is pharmacotherapeutics?
A field of study of the appropriate use of medications to effectively treat or prevent disease and manage symptoms
- Evidence based medicine
What is Pharmacogenetics?
A field of study of genetic impact on drug metabolic or handling processes which can affect individual responses to drugs
Similar rate and extent of absorption
What is therapeutic equivalence?
Must be pharmaceuticals equivalent (same dose & form) and bioequivalent as well as have th sesame clinical effect and safety profile
Differentiate between an A & B equivalency rating
A = therapeutically equivalent
B = not therapeutically equivalent
Drugs are classified into one of 2 groups, what are they?
OTC/Behind the counter -> no prescription required
Legend (2 categories) -> prescription required
Legend drugs are classified into 2 groups, what are they?
Non-scheduled/non-controlled -> no abuse potential
Scheduled/controlled -> based on abuse/addiction potential &/or dose
Scheduled/controlled drugs are designated C-I thru C-V, what indicates a lower versus higher risk of abuse?
Lower ribs of abuse the higher the number
What is a microgram?
1/1000th of a milligram
How many ml is a teaspoon?
How many ml or tsps is a tablespoon?
Tablespoon = 15ml; or 3 tsps
How many ml are in an ounce?
30 ml (2 tbsps or 6 tsps)
How many ounces or ml are in 1 cup?
8 ounces or 240ml
How many ml or pints are in a quart?
946 ml or 2 pints
How many ml or ounces are in a pint?
473 ml or 16 ounces
How many L, quarts, and pints are in a gallon?
What does the abbreviation qod mean?
Every other day
What does the abbreviation qhs mean?
Every night at bedtime
What does the abbreviation ac mean?
What does the abbreviation pc mean?
What is the difference between the abbreviations qhs and QD?
Both are once a day but qhs is at bedtime and QD is whenever in the day
What is the difference between the abbreviations q6h and qid?
Qid implies while awake
What are the abbreviations for the eyes?
Od = right eye
Os = left eye
Ou = both eyes
What are the abbreviations for ears?
Ad = right ear
As = left ear
Au = both ears
What is the abbreviation for drops?
What does the abbreviation sl mean?
What does the abbreviation sq mean?
What is the abbreviation for “per rectum”?
What does the abbreviation NGT mean?
What does the abbreviation OGT mean?
What is the abbreviation for as directed?
Ut. Dict. (Ud)
What does the abbreviation tra mean?
To run at
What does the abbreviation kvo mean?
Keep vein open (a slow infusion rate)
What does D5W, D10W, or D50W mean?
“X”% dextrose in water (the percent is also the grams in 100ml of water)