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1

What are the 4 basic processes of making a research

Identification of a problem

Planning of research
Implementation of research plan
Dissemination of research - spreading of research

2

What are the 5 types of questions in identifying a research problem?

a. Intervention
b. Diagnosis
c. Aetiology
d. Prognosis
e. Descriptive

3

Intervention refers to

a. The ability of a certain thing to cure a patient

4

Diagnosis refers to

a. reliability and accuracy in assessing symptoms of patients

5

Aetiology refers to

a. Other factors relating to development of a medical condition

6

Prognosis refers to

a. Factors that contribute to and affect the recovery of the patient

7

Descriptive refers to

a. The prevalence of the condition

8

What design can be counted and measured?

Quantitative

9

Quantitative can be classified into-?

Discrete and continuous

10

Discrete is described as

Data that can be described only in whole numbers

11

4. Continuous is described as

Data that is described with fractions or decimals

12

5. Two designs in terms of objectives

a. Descriptive
b. Analytic

13

6. Descriptive is described as

a. Describing a health condition in terms of epidemiology and magnitude

14

7. Analytic research is described as

Studying the relationship or association of two things

15

8. Two designs in terms of methods

a. Observational
b. Experimental

16

9. Two types of observational

a. Retrospective - history
b. Prospective - looking into the future

17

10. Experimental is described as

a. Determining the effect of a certain intervention

18

11. Designs under descriptive reports are

a. Case report
b. Case series
c. Cross sectional

19

Case report is described as

a. Describes characteristics of 1 patient with rare disease
b. Observe and examine one patient

20

13. Case series

a. Characteristics of several patients with rare disease
b. Collection of case reports

21

14. Description cross-sectional

a. Describes how common a condition is
b. How many show a certain symptom at one point in time
c. Ex: In China, women are more common to have the COVID-19 disease

22

Analytical cross sectional

a. Relationship of a factor with a condition
b. Many participants at one time

23

16. Cohort analytical

a. Relationship of factor with condition
b. Follows a specific timeline
c. Analyzes at 2 diff times

24

17. 2 divisions of cohort

a. Retrospective- looks into past
b. Prospective- looks into future

25

18. Case control study

a. Determining a relationship of SEVERAL factors with ONE condition
b. 2 points in time

26

19. Analytic experimental controlled trial

a. Determines if intervention causes change in condition
b. Pretest and posttest, assess the subject and provision over the intervention

27

20. What is a longitudinal study?

a. A study done with several people over a long period of time, observational

28

1. What is systematic reviews?

a. Compiles all control trials and analyzes them

29

2. What is psychometric study?

a. Focuses on reliability of a tool or test
b. Participants participate in assessment, experts evaluate.