Intro to revolutions and American War Of Independence πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Intro to revolutions and American War Of Independence πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Deck (33):
1

Who were subjects

The people kings and queens ruled

2

What is a revolution

The successful overthrow of a government

3

What is a rebellion

An organised attempt to overthrow a ruler or government that failed

4

Who ruled 18th century Europe

Kings and queens

5

Who ruled the east coast of America at the time ?

Britain

6

How many colonies were there

13

7

Give a few examples of the colonies

Virginia, New York, New Jersey and Georgia

8

What King ruled at the time

George III

9

How did the Americans feel about Britain ruling

The people living in the colonies were happy but the slaves and native Americans weren't as they had little power

10

Causes of the American war of independence

The stamp act
The Boston massacre
The Boston tea party
The first continental congress
The battle of Lexington and concord

11

The stamp act?

British taxes made American unhappy.
War against France was expensive so Britain wanted America to help pay.
The stamp act brought tax
Americans disagreed with the tax and set up the stamp act congress.
No taxation without representation

12

The Boston massacre?

English ended stamp act but still taxed on imported goods such as tea and glass this was called the townshend act
Americansrefused to pay tax so smuggled the goods.
Boston people taught with soldiers over smuggling. Soldiers fought back with fire and people were killed
British removed taxes on everything except tea and some (patriots) believed America should run their own affairs

13

Boston tar party?

Men dressed as native Americans boarded British ships and threw tea overboard
Boston port closed until colonist payed for tea but they refused

14

First continental congress

Representatives from 12 of the 13 colonies met in Philadelphia
This meeting called forts continental congress
Showed Americans not to buy British goods until the intolerable acts where removed

15

Battle of Lexington and concord

Militas (colony soldiers who were nicknamed minute men as they were ready to take action with short notice) were against British
General gage worried by their actions
Heard they were getting supplies from concord so sent his troops there
Spies warned the militias about them so they were ready to fight at Lexington when they met and also for a further battle at concord
British returned to Boston surrounded by patriots

16

Who were patriots

People who didn't want Britain to rule over America

17

Where was the first continental congress

Philadelphia

18

Who came to the first continental congress

12/13 colonies

19

Who was George Washington

A wealthy farmer from Virginia who had served in the British army

20

After a loss is Philadelphia where did the American army spend winter

Valley forge

21

How were the conditions at valley forge

Bad. Cold and wet and British had refused to increase their food supply
Many men died of cold and hunger

22

Who helped the American army after valley forge

General von Steuben trained the army

23

Why where French wiling to help

To get revenge on Britain

24

Consequences of AWOI

Americans defeated empire and inspired others

Constitution made (1st time rules were ever written down)

Idea of having democracy came about and spread in Europe

French were in debt from helping America

25

Who were patriots

People who didn't want Britain to rule over America

26

Where was the first continental congress

Philadelphia

27

Who came to the first continental congress

12/13 colonies

28

Who was George Washington

A wealthy farmer from Virginia who had served in the British army

29

After a loss is Philadelphia where did the American army spend winter

Valley forge

30

How were the conditions at valley forge

Bad. Cold and wet and British had refused to increase their food supply
Many men died of cold and hunger

31

Who helped the American army after valley forge

General von Steuben trained the army

32

Why where French wiling to help

To get revenge on Britain

33

Consequences of AWOI

Americans defeated empire and inspired others

Constitution made (1st time rules were ever written down)

Idea of having democracy came about and spread in Europe

French were in debt from helping America