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Flashcards in Introduction Deck (65)
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0

Observations regarding the use of crude medicinal preparations began in what period?

Early period

2

Application of the scientific method of the study of drugs was initiated by?

Francois Magendie and Claude Bernard

3

Study of substances that interact with living systems through chemical processes, especially by binding regulatory molecules and activating or inhibiting normal processes

Pharmacology

4

Period wherein the rise of synthetic organic chemistry occur

Modern period

5

Studied the toxicity of crude drug preparation

Felice Fontana

6

Proposed that the sites of action of drugs could be localized to specific organs in the body

Francois Magendie

7

Proposed that the site of action of curare to the neuromuscular junction

Claude Bernard

9

Mechanism and magnitude of drug effect
-receptor binding
-signal transduction
-physiologic Effect

Pharmacodynamics

10

Deals with the properties and effects of drugs

Pharmacology

11

Defined pharmacology as the science concerned with effects of chemicals on living organisms

Oswald Schmiedeberg

12

First pharmacology professor in the USA

John Jacob Abel

13

Concerned with Formulation and chemical properties of pharmaceutical products

Pharmaceutics

14

Established the first medical school laboratory to be used exclusively for pharmacologic studies

Rudolf Buchheim

15

Deals with the dosage if drugs
-absorption
-distribution
-bio transformation
-excretion

Pharmacokinetics

16

Study of the cost effectiveness of drug treatments

Pharmacoeconomics

17

Deals with drugs that can destroy invading organisms without destroying the host

Chemotherapy

19

Preparing, preserving, compounding and dispensing of medical drugs

Pharmacy

20

Treatment of disease or application of remedies to disease

Therapeutics

21

Application of drugs for prevention and treatment of disease

Pharmacotherapeutics

22

Deals with poison and their effect

Toxicology

23

Natural sources of drugs

Plants
Microbes
Animals
Minerals

24

Isolation and characterization of drugs from natural sources

Pharmacognosy

25

Agonist

Activator

26

Specializes in the design and chemical synthesis of drugs

Medicinal chemistry

27

Provides clues as to pharmacotherapeutic use or chemical class

Generic name

29

Antagonist

Inhibitors

30

Substance composed of a combination of elements

Chemical

31

A chemical which is utilized for the diagnosis, prevention, cure, or amelioration of an unwanted condition

Drug

33

Stranger- chemical not synthesized by the body

Xenobiotics

34

Propriety name

Brand name