Introduction to EMS Operations and Hazardous Response Chapter 25 Flashcards Preview

EMR - First on Scene - 9th Edition La Baudour - Bergeron > Introduction to EMS Operations and Hazardous Response Chapter 25 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Introduction to EMS Operations and Hazardous Response Chapter 25 Deck (38):
0

The phases of an emergency call in order are:
A. Preparation, dispatch, en route to scene, arrival at scene, transfer of patient, after the emergency.
B. Dispatch, en route to scene, arrival at scene, transfer of patient, after the emergency.
C. Preparation, dispatch, en route to scene, arrival at scene, transfer of patient, in route to hospital.
D. Dispatch, en route to scene, arrival at scene, preparation, transfer of patient, after the emergency.

A. Preparation, dispatch, en route to scene, arrival at scene, transferred of patient, after the emergency.

1

The best way to approach a hazardous scene is to:
A. Do only what you feel comfortable doing
B. Wear protective gear only if needed
C. Make safety your first consideration before entering
D. Get as close as possible to assess the scene

C. Make safety your first consideration before entering

2

When arriving at a motor vehicle collision scene, the best place to position your vehicle is:
A. 50 feet before the scene with lights on.
B. As close to the scene as possible with lights off.
C. 500 feet beyond the scene with lights on.
D. Near other responding emergency vehicles.

A. 50 feet before the scene with lights on.

3

When evaluating the stability of the vehicle before attempting to enter and care for patients, look for common hazards such as slippery surfaces, hills or slight inclines, and _______ vehicles.
A. Sturdy or stacked
B. Tilted or damaged
C. Parked or damaged
D. Tilted or stacked

D. Tilted or stacked

4

Which one of the following best defines both simple access & complex access?
A. Neither simple access nor complex access requires specialized tools.
B. Simple & complex access both require special equipment.
C. Simple access sometimes requires special equipment; complex access often does.
D. Simple access does not require equipment, though complex access does.

D. Simple access does not require equipment, though complex access does.

5

There are 4 ways to access a patient in a vehicle with closed doors: enter through the window, pry open a door, cut through the metal, and:
A. Call an emergency locksmith.
B. Open the unlocked door.
C. Remove the engine and enter through the dash.
D. Wait until another responder opens the door.

B. open the unlocked door.

6

The best way for the emergency medical responder to manage a vehicle that is overturned is to:
A. Upright the vehicle, if enough help is available.
B. Upright the vehicle before gaining access to patients.
C. Never upright a vehicle because it can cause further injury to the patients inside.
D. Never upright a vehicle because it can cause further damage to the vehicle.

C. Never upright a vehicle because it can cause further injury to the patients inside.

7

When a patient is pinned beneath a vehicle:
A. Attempt to upright the vehicle yourself.
B. Call for a rescue squad immediately.
C. Stabilize the vehicle and then attempt to upright it.
D. Call for a rescue squad and then attempt to upgrade it.

B. Call for a rescue squad immediately.

8

When you must enter a locked building to gain access to a patient in need of immediate care:
A. Enter the building and then call for help.
B. Enter the building, stabilize the patient, and then call for help.
C. Attempt to enter the building, but if you fail, call for help.
D. Request additional resources, then attempt to access the building.

D. Request additional resources, then attempt to access the building.

9

Specialized training is needed to manage fire, as well as:
A. Natural gas.
B. Downed power lines and hazardous materials.
C. Vehicle extrication and rescue.
D. All of the above.

D. All of the above.

10

All of the following emergency responders are required to wear a high visibility vest while working on a highway EXCEPT:
A. Fire fighters
B. EMS providers
C. Law enforcement officers
D. Dispatchers

D. Dispatchers

11

If you find yourself needing to exit a smoke-filled environment, you should:
A. Stay close to the floor & crawl to safety.
B. Run out of the building.
C. Stop, drop, & roll.
D. Not exit until you find the patient.

A. Stay close to the floor and crawl to safety.

12

The patient treatment area and the command post are located in what zone of a hazmat incident?
A. Hot
B. Warm
C. Blue
D. Cold

D. Cold

13

In radiation incidents, it is okay to follow the same basic rules related to what other hazardous scene?
A. Natural gas
B. Downed power lines
C. Hazardous materials
D. Vehicle extrication

C. Hazardous materials

14

A safety feature of tempered glass is that it will not:
A. Break
B. Shatter
C. Crack
D. Melt

B. Shatter

15

Remove patients from vehicles only when there is danger or: _________________________.

If life-saving care is required.

16

What are the five levels of hazmat training?

1. Awareness
2. Operational
3. Technician
4. Specialist
5. Commander

17

What reference tool should be carried on all emergency vehicles for hazmat reference?

Hazardous Materials: Emergency Response Guidebook

18

Define hot zone.

The area immediately surrounding the hazmat incident.

19

Define warm zone.

The warm zone is a safe distance from the hazmat incident and where decontamination operations occur.

20

Define cold zone.

The area well beyond the hazmat incident and where patients are cared for and placed into ambulances for transport.

21

Define SOP.

Standard operating procedures

22

What is the purpose of SOPs?

They outline how you will function operationally within your own organization.

23

Some risks you can avoid, some risks you can pass off to other agencies, and some risks you have to face. True, or false?

True

24

What are the approach rules for any emergency scene?

1. Be certain it is safe to approach the patient. If there is a hazard, make sure you can control it before approaching. If you cannot control a hazard, wait for assistance.
2. Wear protective gear appropriate for the situation.
3. Legally and ethically, perform as you are limited by your level training.
4. When you call dispatch, describe the incident so that the needed personnel & equipment may respond ASAP.

25

In the preparation phase what should you have to be prepared?

The correct medical and non-medical supplies, all special equipment is present & operational & ensure the appropriate number of personnel on duty and will be able to respond.

26

What is due regard?

The appropriate care and concern for the safety of others. Keep in mind when operating an emergency vehicle en route to a scene.

27

When setting out emergency warning devices such as cones, flashing lights, or flares, to warn others how far away from the scene should they be placed?

At least 250 feet on high-speed roads,
At least 100 feet for low-speed roads

28

What is simple access?

A form of access to entrapped patients that does not require specialized tools or equipment.

29

Define complex access.

A form of access to patients that requires tools & specialized equipment.

30

What is extrication?

The coordinated removal of entrapped patients from vehicles & structures.

31

What is an SCBA?

Self-contained breathing apparatus

32

Define hazardous materials.

Materials that are harmful to humans when exposed.

33

What does HAZWOPER stand for?

Hazardous waste operations and emergency response

34

What is a placard?

A sign used to display information pertaining to the contents of transport containers.

35

Who do you contact when you suspect a hazmat incident?

CHEM-TEL 800–255–3924
CHEMTREC 800–262–8200

36

When possible what information should you provide to hazmat?

1. Nature and location of the problem,
2. type of material,
3. name or ID number of the material,
4. name of the shipper or manufacture,
5. type of container,
6. weather conditions,
7. estimate of the number of possible victims,
8. other significant problems at the scene

37

What is an MSDS?

Material safety data sheet