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D & T exam 2 > Introduction to Musculoskeletal Care > Flashcards

Flashcards in Introduction to Musculoskeletal Care Deck (16):
1

what is the most diagnostic tool used in the office

talking to the patient
HPI

2

what are 4 categories that need to be checked for a physical exam

1. range of motion
2. strength
3. Neuro
4. Special tests

3

how is strength graded

1-5
no 0

4

what are the radio-opaque items on the X-ray

bones
some soft tissue
hardware

5

what are radio-lucent items on the X ray

air
sutures
ligaments

6

what what time period should you never look at X-rays

before history and physical

7

how many films should you get

minimum 2 at 90 degrees at each other

8

Name 3 different views someone can get on an X-ray

AP
lateral
oblique

9

What is the AP view

front view

10

what is the lateral view

Side

11

what is the Oblique view

angled at a certain degree

12

metacarpals refers to what

hand

13

metatarsals refers to what

foot

14

name the bones of the leg

tibia
fibula

15

Name 4 types of fractures

transverse
oblique
spiral
comminuted ( blown into bits)

16

what type of fracture takes the least energy? most?

least: spiral
most: comminuted