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Flashcards in Introduction To Nutrition Deck (32):
1

What is nutrition

Food Poole eat and how their bodies use it

2

What is nutrition science?

scientific knowledge that guides food requirements for maintenance of growth, reproduction, activity, lactation

3

6 essential nutrients?

carbs, protein, fat, vitamin, minerals, water

4

balanced diet depends on

one's nutritional needs

5

key macronutrients?

carb, fat, protein

6

key micronutients?

vitamins, minerals,trace-elements

7

what is the body's fuel?

carbohydrate
-stored as glycogen in SMALL amounts
-helps maintain nervous system

8

chronic protein & energy deficiency is known as

marasmus (basic starvation)

9

can the body create essential fatty acids?

no
an absence of them will create a deficiency they cannot be synthesized in sufficient amounts

10

what are the 2 fatty acids that the body needs?

omega-3 and omega-6

11

what is malnutrition?

condition caused by improper or insufficient diet

12

what is optimal health?

when one receives and uses nutrients to cover daily & additional requirements

13

how are % daily values of nutrients determined?

-recommended dietary allowance (RDA)
-dietary reference standards/recommended daily intake

14

how much % dv should you be eating

between 5-15%

15

protein is made up of?

amino acids

16

which nutrients provide the body with energy?

fats, carbs, proteins

17

if no carbs are available, what gets broken down?

fats & protein

18

what does protein do?

build, repair, maintain
-helps digest lipase/amylase
-produce antibodies
-regulate fluid/Ph balance

19

essential amino acid?

body doesn't produce them

20

non-essential amino acid?

body can produce them

21

plant based food that is a complete source of protein?

soy

22

what organ does excess protein attack?

kidneys

23

what do catalysts (vitamins/minerals) do?

-help metabolic process in the body

24

water soluble vitamins that should be taken daily?

B, C

25

trace elements?

iron, iodine

26

malnutrition?

improper/insufficient diet

27

undernutrition?

reserves are depleted
-high risk for elderly, children, low SEC status, teens, alcoholics

28

Over nutrition?

leads to CAD, obesity, taking too many supplements

29

optimal nutrition?

receive & use nutrients to cover daily and additional requirements

30

Nutrients in foods must perform the following 3 basic functions in the body?

Provide energy, build tissue, regulate metabolic processes

31

Carbohydrates stored as

Glycogen

32

Fats should provide how many kilocalories

20-35%