Flashcards in Introduction To Nutrition Deck (32):
What is nutrition
Food Poole eat and how their bodies use it
What is nutrition science?
scientific knowledge that guides food requirements for maintenance of growth, reproduction, activity, lactation
6 essential nutrients?
carbs, protein, fat, vitamin, minerals, water
balanced diet depends on
one's nutritional needs
carb, fat, protein
what is the body's fuel?
-stored as glycogen in SMALL amounts
-helps maintain nervous system
chronic protein & energy deficiency is known as
marasmus (basic starvation)
can the body create essential fatty acids?
an absence of them will create a deficiency they cannot be synthesized in sufficient amounts
what are the 2 fatty acids that the body needs?
omega-3 and omega-6
what is malnutrition?
condition caused by improper or insufficient diet
what is optimal health?
when one receives and uses nutrients to cover daily & additional requirements
how are % daily values of nutrients determined?
-recommended dietary allowance (RDA)
-dietary reference standards/recommended daily intake
how much % dv should you be eating
protein is made up of?
which nutrients provide the body with energy?
fats, carbs, proteins
if no carbs are available, what gets broken down?
fats & protein
what does protein do?
build, repair, maintain
-helps digest lipase/amylase
-regulate fluid/Ph balance
essential amino acid?
body doesn't produce them
non-essential amino acid?
body can produce them
plant based food that is a complete source of protein?
what organ does excess protein attack?
what do catalysts (vitamins/minerals) do?
-help metabolic process in the body
water soluble vitamins that should be taken daily?
reserves are depleted
-high risk for elderly, children, low SEC status, teens, alcoholics
leads to CAD, obesity, taking too many supplements
receive & use nutrients to cover daily and additional requirements
Nutrients in foods must perform the following 3 basic functions in the body?
Provide energy, build tissue, regulate metabolic processes
Carbohydrates stored as