Investment In Agriculture, 1953-64 Flashcards Preview

USSR: Changing Economic Priorities, 1953-85 > Investment In Agriculture, 1953-64 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Investment In Agriculture, 1953-64 Deck (12):
1

How did Khrushchev change the state’s relationship with the collective farms?

In 1954, he lowered quotas and raised the price the state would pay for additional produce. This was to incentives higher rates of production.

2

How much did farm incomes rise by between 1952 and 1956?

250%

3

How much did Khrushchev increase the number of tractors by?

30%

4

How much did Khrushchev increase fertiliser production by?

40%

5

When was the Virgin Lands Scheme introduced? What was it?

September 1953. The plan was to turn unfarmed land in the northern Caucasus, Kazakhstan and Siberia into new farms.

6

How much did the amount of land farm increase during the Virgin Lands Scheme?

It went from 18.2 million hectares in 1953 to 97.4 million hectares in 1964

7

What was the Corn Campaign?

A campaign launched in Ukraine in 1958 to encourage them to produce maize to feed animals. The newly opened Virgin Lands would cover the crops that Ukraine used to produce.

8

What was the outcome of the Corn Campaign?

- Ukrainian farms could only produce 50% of the corn US farms could

- Hay production drops

- Animal feed available drops 30%

9

How much did agricultural production increase by 1953-58?

35.3%

10

Why did the Virgin Lands Scheme eventually start to fail?

The Lands required an extremely sophisticated irrigation system which became unjustifiably expensive as production began to slow

11

What problems did Khrushchev’s continued use of central planning cause?

- Centrally directed campaigns didn’t take local conditions into account

- Planners didn’t always deliver the right fertilisers to farms

- Khrushchev kept reforming the agricultural ministries which meant contradictory directives were often issued

12

How did Khrushchev change the budget for agriculture?

He initially increased it to 12.8% of spending from 1954 to 1959 but then cut it down to 2% in the 1960 budget