Islam Flashcards Preview

Geography > Islam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Islam Deck (31):
1

Monotheism

The belief there is one God.

2

Omni-benevolent

All loving.

3

Atheist

Someone who believes God doesn’t exist.

4

Agnostic

Unsure if God exists.

5

Theist

Someone who believes God exists.

6

What is the name of Pillar 1?

Shahadah.

7

What is Shahadah?

Shahadah is sincerely reciting the Muslim profession of God: “There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger”. If a Muslim cannot recite this wholeheartedly, then they are not a Muslim.

8

What is the name of Pillar 2?

Salat.

9

What is Salat?

Salat is the obligatory Muslim prayers, performed five times each day.

10

When is Salat al-fajr?

Dawn, before sunrise.

11

When is Salat al-zuhr?

Midday, after the sun passes its highest.

12

When is Salat al-'asr?

The late part of the afternoon.

13

When is Salat al-maghrib?

Just after sunset.

14

When is Salat al-'isha?

Before sunset and midnight.

15

What is Zakah?

Zakat is the compulsory giving of a set proportion of one's wealth to charity. It is regarded as a type of worship and of self-purification. Zakat is the third Pillar of Islam.

16

What is the fourth pillar of Islam?

Sawm: fasting during the month of Ramadan.

17

What is the fifth pillar of Islam?

Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca. A Muslim has to go on this to Mecca at least once in their lifetime.

18

Why is Allah called the Responder?

Because he listens to a Muslim’s prayers and may answer their prayers.

19

Why is Allah called the Eternal?

Allah is called the Eternal because there is no beginning nor an end of Allah.

20

Why does having many different names for Allah help Muslims to understand Allah.

Because it gives Muslims a sort of idea of how Allah may be. But, they may hinder some Muslims understanding as having something to visualise helps people understand, especially when thinking of a being that is described as ‘He’.

21

What are the words that describe what Muslims can/cannot eat?

Halal/Haram.

22

Who gave Muhammad the Qur’an and how long did it take?

Angel Jibril, 23 years.

23

What was Muhammad’s main teaching?

Muhammad’s main teaching was that all people are equal, regardless of race, gender, ethnicity or tribe.

24

What did Muhammad do?

He was sent to complete the mission of the previous Messengers of calling people to believe in Allah and following the guidance and teachings of Allah.

25

How is the Qur’an divided?

The Qur’an is divided into 114 chapters called ‘surahs’.

26

Two laws that can be found in the Qur’an:

Do not eat carnivores.
Do not drink alcohol.

27

Three ways respect is shown to the Qur’an:

Wudu.
It’s placed on the highest shelf.
It is usually wrapped in cloth.

28

What is special about Hafiz?

They are special as they’re someone who learns the whole Qur’an.

29

What is Ihram?

The sacred state in which Muslims carry out the required rituals to complete Hajj or Umrah.

30

How does a man’s Ihram differ from a woman’s Ihram?

Man’s Ihram is two sheets of white cloth that leaves some parts of his body naked. Women’s Ihram is a dress that completely conceals her, leaving her face and hands revealed.

31

What are Safa and Marwah?

Two small hills located in the Great Mosque of Mecca named Kabbah. Muslims travel back and forth between them seven times during the ritual pilgrimages of Hajj and Umrah.