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Flashcards in Islam Section 2 Deck (30):
1

Recite quotes for 2.2.1 Justice
"God ........ ........., the doing of ......., and He forbids all ........... ......... and ..........."
"People, beware of ........., for ........... shall be darkness on the ....... of ............."

"God commands justice, the doing of good...and He forbids all shameful deeds injustice."
"People, beware of injustice, for injustice shall be darkness on the Day of Judgement."

2

Why is justice important for Muslims?

The Qur'an describes God as just.
The Qur'an says that God wants people to treat each other fairly and establish justice.
There are many Hadith in which Muhammad is acting justly and telling others to be just.

3

What are the non-religious attitudes to justice?

Justice is important because a just society has laws which:
Ensure people can work without someone taking away the rewards of their work
Make sure everyone behaves fairly to each other and that innocent people are protected

4

Why is justice important for the victim in Islam?

Islam teaches that justice should always be given and as the victim is innocent, justice is only given when the victim receives justice
Islam teaches that victims of a crime should be compensated based on what is written in the Qur'an
God commands Muslims to be just, so the unjust must be punished

5

Recite quotes for 2.2.2 Crime
"God commands ........, the doing of ......, and liberality to ...... and ....., and he forbids all ........... ........., and ........... and ..........: he instructs you that ye may receive ............"

"God commands justice, the doing of good, and liberality to kith and kin, and He forbids all shameful deeds, and injustice and rebellion: He instructs you that ye may receive admonition."

6

What are the 4 main causes of crime?

Poverty
Upbringing
Alcohol and drugs
Low self esteem

7

How do Muslims attempt to prevent crime?

Islam tries to stop poverty by banning interest in money lending, encouraging Muslims to share their wealth, banning gambling, using Zakah to help poor Muslims
Islam helps parents to fulfil their duties as Muslim parents
Alcohol and drugs are banned for Muslims
Muslims have been given the task of looking after the world so they should never suffer from low self esteem

8

Recite quotes for 2.2.3 Muslim Attitudes to Good, Evil and Suffering
"It is we who have ....... ...... the ....... to thee by stages. Therefore be patient with constancy to the command of thy lord, and .......... not to the .......... or the .......... among them."

"It is we who have sent down the Qur'an to thee by stages. Therefore be patient with constancy to the command of thy lord, and hearken not to the sinner or the ingrate among them."

9

What are non religious attitudes to evil and suffering?

Many non religious people believe evil and suffering exist because of the nature of the world. There are natural evils and moral evils. They believe God would have not created a world that has evil and suffering so they don't believe in God.

10

What do Muslims say about evil and suffering?

Muslims believe that God is omnipotent and omnibenevolent so there must be a good reason for evil and suffering but humans can't understand it
Evil and suffering test people's belief in Islam
Muslims should help those who are suffering

11

Recite quotes for 2.2.4 Attitudes to Punishment
"As to the thief, ........ or ........., ..... ...... his or her ........: a punishment by way of example, from God, for ...... ......"
"The recompense for an injury is ..... ......... ....... .......... in degree."

"As to the thief, male or female, cut off his or her hands: a punishment by way of example, from God, for their crime."
"The recompense for an injury is an injury equal thereto in degree."

12

What are the main punishments imposed by court in the UK?

Imprisonment
Suspended sentence
Fine
Community service order
Probation

13

What do Muslims say about punishment?

Islam teaches that Muslims shouldn't commit crimes as they are sins against God
Criminals should be punished for their crimes and the Qur'an sets down certain punishments for certain crimes ranging from whipping to amputation to death (hadd punishments)
Most Muslim countries operate legal systems that try to justify replacing Hadd punishments

14

What are Hadd punishments set for?

Theft
Wrong sexual relations eg adultery
Making unproven accusations
Drinking intoxicants
Apostasy
Highway robbery
(there are strict requirements for evidence)

15

Recite quotes for 2.2.5 The Aims of Punishment
"God doth wish to make clear to you and to show you the ............. of those before you; and he doth wish to you in ......... and God is ....... ........, ....... ........"

"God doth wish to make clear to you and to show you the ordinances of those before you; and he doth wish to you in mercy and God is all knowing, all wise."

16

What are the aims of punishment?

To:
Deter law abiding citizens from committing crimes
Reform and rehabilitate criminals
Penalise criminals

17

Name the 4 types of punishment.

Retribution - paying for their crime
Deterrence - puts others off
Reform - teaching not to commit crimes again
Protection - protects society

18

What are the Muslim attitudes to the aims of punishment?

Hadd punishments are based on retribution, reform and deterrence
Many Muslims believe that criminals should be fairly treated

19

Recite quotes for 2.2.6 Forgiveness
"But if ye ........ and overlook and cover up their faults, verily God is ......-..........., ....... ............."
"Give ....... to the person who was .......... and .......... to you."
"The .............. are but a single brotherhood: so make ........ and ............. between your two ................ ..........."

"But if ye forgive and overlook and cover up their faults, verily God is oft-forgiving, most merciful."
"Give justice to the person who was unfair and unjust to you."
"The believers are but a single brotherhood: so make peace and reconciliation between your two contending brothers."

20

What does the Qur'an say about God and forgiveness?

The Qur'an says that God is compassionate and merciful to sinners because:
On the day of judgement God will deal with everyone
How can you be forgiven if you can not forgive?
The Qur'an says people should forgive other people's sins against them

21

How are criminal offenders forgiven by the community?

The UK tries to rehabilitate offenders through the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974
Some business owners are helping to bring offenders into the community by offering employment and training
A large number of charities work to help ex offenders to become law abiding citizens

22

Why are Muslims in favour of restorative justice?

They believe it is the only way that can bring peace and reconciliation between the criminal and the victim

23

Recite quotes for 2.2.7 The Treatment of Criminals
"Do not ............ the creation of .......... the .........."
"Verily, Allah will ............. those who ............ ....... in this world."

"Do not torture the creation of Allah the Exalted."
"Verily, Allah will torture those who torture people in this world."

24

What does the Universal Declaration of Human Rights say about the protection of criminals?

It is their right to:
Have freedom of thought, conscience and religion
Have freedom of expression
Have a fair trial
Have legal representation in their trial
Have humane treatment while in custody
Not be subjected to torture
Have punishment proportional to the crime
Not be treated as an adult if they are juvenile

25

What are the Muslim attitudes to the treatment of criminals?

Islamic states which have adopted Western type legal systems give fair trials, a jury and legal representation
Muslim countries with Shari'ah law do not offer juries or legal representation
Most Muslims condemn torture as Muhammad issued several Hadith condemning it

26

Recite quotes for 2.2.8 The Death Penalty
"........ ....... ........, which God hath made sacred, except by way of .......... and the ........"

"Take not life, which God hath made sacred, except by way of justice and the law."

27

Why do some Muslims agree with capital punishment?

Islam allows capital punishment for 3 offences; Murder, apostasy and adultery
Most Muslims agree with capital punishment because:
It is a punishment set down by the Qur'an
Muhammad agreed with capital punishment for the three crimes
Muhammad sentenced people to death

28

Why do some Muslims disagree with capital punishment?

Capital punishment does not reduce crime
There is a possibility of the wrong person being convicted and executed
The Shari'ah says the family of the murder victim can accept money from the criminal rather than the death penalty

29

Why do humanists disagree with capital punishment?

People can be falsely convicted and executed
Countries that don't use the death penalty have lower murder rates
No one has the right to take life

30

What do atheists think of capital punishment?

Most agree with humanists but some agree with capital punishment because:
The thought of losing your life if you commit murder is a deterrent
The value of human life can only be shown by inflicting the death penalty on those who take life