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Flashcards in Islam Section 3 Deck (26):
1

Recite quotes for 2.3.1 The Ten Obligatory Acts
"The ............, ...... and ........, are protectors of one another: they enjoin what is ........, and forbid what is .......: they observe ......... ......., practice ......... ........, and obey ...... and his ..........."

"The believers, men and women, are protectors of one another: they enjoin what is just, and forbid what is evil: they observe regular prayers, practice regular charity, and obey God and his apostle."

2

Name the 10 obligatory acts.

Salah - prayer
Sawm - fasting
Zakah - charity tax
Hajj - pilgrimage
Khums - further zakah
Jihad - the struggle to be a good Muslim
Amr-bil-ma'ruf - always doing good
Nahi anil munkar - always avoiding evil
Tawalla - loving the relatives of the prophet
Tabarra - hating those who hate Allah

3

Why are the 10 obligatory acts important for Shi'a Muslims?

They were established by Allah, Muhammad and the Imams
Allah will punish those who do not fulfil the acts
They separate Shi'as from Sunnis

4

Recite quotes for 2.3.2 Shahadah
"There is no ....... but ........ Muhammad is the ............ ... ......."
"There is no .......... but he: that is the ............ of God, his ......... and those endued with knowledge standing firm on justice."

"There is no God but God. Muhammad is the prophet of God."
"There is no God but he: that is the witness of God, his angels and those endued with knowledge standing firm on justice."

5

Why is shahadah important for Muslims?

It is the creed of Islam and sums up the faith
It shows Muslims reject polytheism
If someone converts to Islam they must recite the shahadah in front of Muslim witnesses

6

What is different about shahadah for Shi'a and Sunni Muslims

Most Shi'a Muslims add 'Ali is the vicegerent of God' at the end to show their belief in Ali
Shahadah is not an obligatory act for Shi'as

7

Recite quotes for 2.3.3 Salah
"Set up .......... .......; for such ........ are enjoined on believers at ....... ......."
"Turn thy face in the direction of the ......... ........; that is indeed ......... ........"
"Bow down ....... ........ with those who bow down in ........"

"Set up regular prayers; for such prayers are enjoined on believers at stated times."
"Turn thy face in the direction of the sacred mosque; that is indeed the truth."
"Bow down your heads with those who bow down in worship."

8

How do Muslims prepare for prayer?

Remove their shoes
Perform wudu
Find a clean place
Face Mecca

9

During prayer what do Muslims do?

Recite surah 1
Prostrate themselves several times
Repeat the shahadah
Request God's blessing

10

What are jummah prayers important?

The Qur'an commands that Muslims perform midday prayers on a Friday (jummah)
The imam preaches a sermon on how to live a good life

11

Why is Salah important to Muslims?

It puts them in direct contact with God 5 times a day
It reminds them of how they have submitted themselves to God
It removes sins

12

Recite quotes for 2.3.4 Sawm
".......... is prescribed to you as it was ............... to those before you."

"Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you."

13

What does sawm prohibit for Muslims?

No food
No drink
No smoking
No lying
No gossiping
No swearing
No getting angry
No sex

14

Why is sawm important for Muslims?

Keeping the fast enables the 4th pillar to be fulfilled
Fasting brings Muslims closer to God
Fasting promotes self control

15

Why is the night of power important for Muslims?

It celebrates the revelation of the Qur'an
It celebrates the calling of Muhammad
Praying on that night is the best prayer

16

Recite quotes for 2.3.5 Zakah and Khums
"O ye who believe, spend out of ........ ........ ....... ....... ....... ...... ......."
"Know the whatever of a thing you acquire, ... ...... ..... ....... is for Allah."

"O ye who believe, spend out of the bounties we have provided for you."
"Know the whatever of a thing you acquire, a fifth of it is for Allah."

17

Why do Muslims pay zakah?

It is the third pillar of Islam
Paying zakah is a sign of submission to God
Zakah means purification

18

Recite quotes for 2.3.6 Hajj
"Proclaim the .......... ......... ......"

"Proclaim the pilgrimage among men."

19

What happens during hajj?

Day 1 - pilgrims circle the Ka'aba 7 times while saying the talbiya prayer, and then circle the Ma'sa 7 times before returning to the courtyard for midday prayer
Day 2 - given water from zamzam well and walk 11 miles to Arafat
Day 3 - stand on the plain and confess sins, if you miss it you must redo the whole of hajj
Day 4 - throw stones at stoning pillars, offer a sacrifice to God
Day 5 - 7 - stone the pillars
Day 8 - walk to Mecca and circle the Ma'sa again

20

Why do Muslims go on hajj?

To fulfil the final pillar and complete the Muslim life
To follow the example of Muhammad
To visit the holiest sites of Islam

21

Why is hajj significant for pilgrims?

They have completed the fifth pillar and can die happy
Followed the example of Muhammad
Taken part in the holiest event in Islam
Their sins are forgiven

22

Recite quotes for 2.3.7 Jihad
"Strive in his cause as .... ...... ..... ......"
"Listen not to the unbelievers, but ..... ... ...."
"Fight in the cause of God those who fight against you, but .... ...... ..... .... .......; for ......... ....... ...... ........ ..........."

"Strive in his cause as ye ought to strive."
"Listen not to the unbelievers, but strive against them."
"Fight in the cause of God those who fight you, but do not transgress the limits; for God loveth not the transgressor."

23

What are the struggles of Greater Jihad?

To perform all 5 pillars properly
To follow the Shari'ah exactly
To discover and follow the way of Muhammad
To be pleasing to Allah

24

What criteria must be met for an Islamic holy war to take place?

In self defence
If it is led by a religious leader known for their piety
If all soldiers are faithful Muslims
If there is a chance of the war being successful
As long as the war doesn't harm the innocent

25

Recite quotes for 2.3.8 Celebrations and Commemorations
".............. is prescribed to you..."
"Spend out of the ............."
"The night of decree is better than .... ............. ........."

"Fasting is prescribed to you...."
"Spend out of the bounties....."
"The night of decree is better than a thousand months."

26

What is Id-ul-Fitr and why do Muslims celebrate it?

The festival which ends the fast of Ramadan
Muslims celebrate it because:
Their sins have been forgiven
They are closer to God
They have completed a religious feat