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Flashcards in Islam Section 4 Deck (29):
1

Recite quotes for 2.4.1 Muslim Attitudes Towards Peace
"Enter into .......... (..........) wholeheartedly."
"For them will be ....... ....... ...... ......in the presence of their lord."

"Enter into peace (Islam) wholeheartedly."
"For them will be a home of peace in the presence of their lord."

2

Why is peace important for Muslims?

Islam teaches that it brings inner peace
Inner peace brings peaceful relationships
The Qur'an calls Islam the house of peace

3

Recite quotes for 2.4.2 The Role of Muslims in Peacemaking
"Let there be no ......... ...... ............"
"Fear ....... and keep straight the relations ............ ..............."

"Let there be no compulsion in religion."
"Fear God and keep straight the relations between yourselves."

4

Why do Muslims believe that justice is an important part in peacemaking?

If a society and its laws are unjust:
People will campaign against them
People may start a civil war

5

Why do Muslims believe forgiveness and reconciliation are important in peacemaking?

God is compassionate and merciful to sinners so Muslims should be too
Muslims can't ask for forgiveness if they do not forgive
The Qur'an says to forgive other people's sins

6

How do the Ahmadiyya work for peace?

Motto of "Love for all, hatred for none."
Annual peace talks
Campaigning for human rights
Speaking out against terrorism

7

Recite quotes for 2.4.3 Attitudes to Conflict
"Fight in the cause of God ....... ...... ........ .........., but do not transgress the limits; for God loveth not ....... ............."

"Fight in the cause of God those who fight you, but do not transgress the limits; for God loveth not the transgressor."

8

What problems do wars cause?

Casualties
Displacement / refugees
Expense

9

What are the common reasons for war?

Religion
Nationality / ethnicity
Resources

10

Which wars do Muslims not fight in?

Wars which:
Could claim that they are the aggressor
Involve resources being taken from someone else
Are forcing another country or people to become Muslim

11

What do atheists and humanists believe about causes of war?

Most believe that getting rid of religion will stop most wars
Challenging religious leaders can bring peace

12

Recite quotes for 2.4.4 Pacifism
"O my lord! I have power only over ............ and ....... ............: so separate us from this ............... ........."

"O my lord! I have power only over myself and my brother: so separate us from this rebellious people."

13

Why do Muslims not agree with passive resistance?

The Qur'an encourages Muslims to struggle in the way of Islam, and Jihad means fight
There is no pacifism or turning the other cheek in Islam
The Qur'an says if Muslims are attacked they must fight back

14

What are non religious attitudes to pacifism?

Humanists are opposed to war, especially war caused by religion

15

Recite quotes for 2.4.5 Just War Theory
"And why should ye not fight in the ......... ...... ........ and of those who, being .......... and ......-...........- men women and children."

"And why should ye not fight in the cause of God and of those who, being weak and ill-treated- men women and children."

16

What criteria do wars have to meet to be a just war in Islam?

Has a just cause
Is a last resort
Is authorised and led by a Muslim authority
Is fought to cause minimal suffering
Ensures innocent are not deliberately attacked
Ends as soon as there is a surrender

17

Why do Muslims believe that they must fight in a just war?

The Qur'an says to fight if attacked
Muhammad fought in wars
Muhammad said Muslims must fight in just wars
The Qur'an says that anyone who dies in a just war will go straight to heaven

18

Recite quotes for 2.4.6 Holy War
"If they (....... ...........) incline towards ........., do thou (.......) incline towards ........, and trust in Allah."

"If they (the enemy) incline towards peace, do thou (also) incline towards to peace, and trust in Allah."

19

A holy war is a war which...?

Is fought to achieve a religious goal
Is authorised by a religious leader
Promises a spiritual reward for those who fight

20

When can a holy war be fought in Islam?

To defend Islam
To strengthen Islam
To protect the freedom of Muslims
To protect Muslims against attack
To put right a wrong

21

What do Islamic lawyers today say on when a holy war can be called a holy war?

If against an aggressor which threatens Islam
A last resort
If authorised and led by a religious leader
Only has soldiers that are faithful Muslims

22

Recite quotes for 2.4.7 Weapons of Mass Destruction
"For me, I intend to let thee (.... ........... ............) draw on thyself my sin as well as thine, for thou wilt be among the companions ..... ...... ........ and that is the ......... of those who do wrong."

"For me, I intend to let thee (an unjust murderer) draw on thyself my sin as well as thine, for thou wilt be among the companions of the fire and that is the reward of those who do wrong."

23

Benefits of WMDs?

When 2 countries have them, they will hesitate to attack (MAD)
Some weapons will destroy enemies while leaving infrastructure

24

Problems of WMDs?

Deliberately targets innocent civilians
Could threaten extinction
Some weapons are hard to deliver and have unknown effects

25

What are the Muslim attitudes to WMDs?

They are difficult to use in war because:
They must avoid killing the innocent
They must use weapons proportionate to the cause
They must cause minimal suffering
They must end the war once the enemy lays down their arms

26

Recite quotes for 2.4.8 Issues Surrounding Conflict
"Do not kill any ............, any .........., and ........... or ......... person."

"Do not kill any child, any woman, any elder or sick person."

27

What do Muslims say about violence?

They disagree with violence but allow it when authorised by the state because:
Islam is based on the rule of law and mutual respect
Islam teaches that all Muslims are part of the ummah and should be treated equally

28

What do Muslims say about terrorism?

They prohibit it because:
Muslims have never allowed the killing of civilians
Suicide is haram

29

How do Muslims overcome terrorism?

Paying for adverts to condemn terror
Initiating national responses to terrorism
Working with Muslims to create a counter-terrorism policy