Islam Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Islam Vocabulary Deck (34):
1

Koran / Qur’an

the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina.

2

Hadith

A collection of traditions containing sayings of the prophet Muhammad

3

Sunni and Shia Islam

Sunni: 85% of muslim population, follow islamic law based on elected people

Shia: dont recognize elected officials - think power should have stayed within mohammed's family

4

The 5 Pillars of Islam
(including the shahada
and the hajj)

1.The Shahada: how you convert to islam, the profession of the faith
2. Salat: prayer 5 times a day - in direction of Mecca
3. Zakat: almsgiving - giving % of wealth every year to charity/help
4. Sawn" religious fasting during month of ramadan
5. The Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca

5

Hijra

the migration of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers to the city of Medina in 622

6

mosque / masjid

grand space for a large # of people
5 main parts:
Qibla, Mihrab, Pillared hall, open courtyard, Minaret

7

qibla

qibla wall: walls in direction of Mecca

8

mihrab

Niche in one Qibla wall

9

muezzin

makes the call to prayer

10

minaret

tall towers from where the muezzin makes the call to prayer

11

Delhi Sultanates (ca.
1206 – 1526)

Mamluk/slave dynasty (1206-1209)

12

Mamluk/Slave Dynasty

-founded by Qutb Al-Din Aybak
-1st recognized islamic kingdom

13

Quwwat al-Islam

mosque complex in Dehli
-1st large scale stone mosque in south asia

14

muqarnas

visual expression of the invisible support of god
-corbelled arch

15

palimpsest

a manuscript page from a scroll or book from which the text has been scraped or washed off and which can be used again

16

The “Great Mughals”
(ca. 1526 – 1707)

Babur (founder of mughal empire)
Humayun
Akbar the Great
Jahangir
Shah Janan
Aurangzeb

17

charbagh

a Persian-style garden layout. The quadrilateral garden is divided by walkways or flowing water into four smaller parts

18

chatri

elevated, dome-shaped pavilions used as an element in Indian architecture.
- commonly used to depict the elements of pride and honor in the Rajput architecture of Rajasthan. They are widely used, in palaces, in forts, or to demarcate funerary sites

19

iwan

a rectangular hall or space, usually vaulted, walled on three sides, with one end entirely open.

20

double dome

dome whose two shells have noticeable distances

21

hasht-bihisht

famous poem written by Amir Khusro around 1302 AD.

22

chamfered corners

The eight "paradises" in the poem link closely with the Islamic conception of Heaven with its eight gates and eight spaces, each one decorated with a special precious stone or material.
Seven of the eight paradises are pavilions constructed for Bahram's "therapy" of storytelling.
There is also a link to the architectural and garden plan of eight paradises

23

Rajputs

a member of the dominant Hindu military caste in northern India
-different from mughal empire
-hindu painting style

24

pietra dura

the inlay technique of using cut and fitted, highly-polished colored stones to create images.

25

Hamzanama

the enormous illustrated manuscript commissioned by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in about 1562.

26

burnishing

used on islamic papers
process: at the end of the painting process, it is rubbed with a hard and smooth object to produce a polished surface on the paper.

27

miniature painting

small paintings in secular books
-intended for wealthy/elite
-meant to go along with text

28

verisimilitude

The appearance of being true or real.

29

rubricated

important words in texts highlighted by being written in red ink

30

Ramayana term: Ravana

antagonist character of the Hindu epic Ramayana
-hella arms
-hella legs

31

Ramayana term : Ayodhya

an ancient city of India, birthplace of the Hindu avatar Rama, and setting of the epic Ramayana

32

Ramayana term: Ram

-1st son of the king of ayodhya
-exiled 14 years in the wild
-his wife (sita) is taken by ravana, kills ravana and saves Sita, rules w/ her in Ayodhya

33

Ramayana term: Sita

Ram's wife

34

Ramayana term: Hanuman

monkey king - heals ram's brother by bringing him a mountain that has a plant to heal him on it