Flashcards in Islam Vocabulary Deck (34):
Koran / Qur’an
the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina.
A collection of traditions containing sayings of the prophet Muhammad
Sunni and Shia Islam
Sunni: 85% of muslim population, follow islamic law based on elected people
Shia: dont recognize elected officials - think power should have stayed within mohammed's family
The 5 Pillars of Islam
(including the shahada
and the hajj)
1.The Shahada: how you convert to islam, the profession of the faith
2. Salat: prayer 5 times a day - in direction of Mecca
3. Zakat: almsgiving - giving % of wealth every year to charity/help
4. Sawn" religious fasting during month of ramadan
5. The Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca
the migration of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers to the city of Medina in 622
mosque / masjid
grand space for a large # of people
5 main parts:
Qibla, Mihrab, Pillared hall, open courtyard, Minaret
qibla wall: walls in direction of Mecca
Niche in one Qibla wall
makes the call to prayer
tall towers from where the muezzin makes the call to prayer
Delhi Sultanates (ca.
1206 – 1526)
Mamluk/slave dynasty (1206-1209)
-founded by Qutb Al-Din Aybak
-1st recognized islamic kingdom
mosque complex in Dehli
-1st large scale stone mosque in south asia
visual expression of the invisible support of god
a manuscript page from a scroll or book from which the text has been scraped or washed off and which can be used again
The “Great Mughals”
(ca. 1526 – 1707)
Babur (founder of mughal empire)
Akbar the Great
a Persian-style garden layout. The quadrilateral garden is divided by walkways or flowing water into four smaller parts
elevated, dome-shaped pavilions used as an element in Indian architecture.
- commonly used to depict the elements of pride and honor in the Rajput architecture of Rajasthan. They are widely used, in palaces, in forts, or to demarcate funerary sites
a rectangular hall or space, usually vaulted, walled on three sides, with one end entirely open.
dome whose two shells have noticeable distances
famous poem written by Amir Khusro around 1302 AD.
The eight "paradises" in the poem link closely with the Islamic conception of Heaven with its eight gates and eight spaces, each one decorated with a special precious stone or material.
Seven of the eight paradises are pavilions constructed for Bahram's "therapy" of storytelling.
There is also a link to the architectural and garden plan of eight paradises
a member of the dominant Hindu military caste in northern India
-different from mughal empire
-hindu painting style
the inlay technique of using cut and fitted, highly-polished colored stones to create images.
the enormous illustrated manuscript commissioned by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in about 1562.
used on islamic papers
process: at the end of the painting process, it is rubbed with a hard and smooth object to produce a polished surface on the paper.
small paintings in secular books
-intended for wealthy/elite
-meant to go along with text
The appearance of being true or real.
important words in texts highlighted by being written in red ink
Ramayana term: Ravana
antagonist character of the Hindu epic Ramayana
Ramayana term : Ayodhya
an ancient city of India, birthplace of the Hindu avatar Rama, and setting of the epic Ramayana
Ramayana term: Ram
-1st son of the king of ayodhya
-exiled 14 years in the wild
-his wife (sita) is taken by ravana, kills ravana and saves Sita, rules w/ her in Ayodhya
Ramayana term: Sita