Flashcards in isms Deck (12):
What assumption does social evolutionism make?
That societies pass through the same series of stages but at their own speed
What three methods might be incorporated into social evolutionism?
Surveys, letters and deduction
Name two key proponents of social evolutionism
Edward Burnett Tylor and Lewis Henry Morgan
What are two things social evolutionism suggests beginning with P?
Suggests progress and primitivism
What are two criticisms of social evolution
Ethnocentric and unilinear
What is the key assumption of diffusionism?
That societies change as a product of cultural borrowing
Name a key proponent of diffusionism
What is the criticism of Diffusionism?
It over emphasises a good idea
What kind of methods do functionalism and structural functionalism share?
Synchronic participant observation
What is functionalism?
A combination of methods and approaches that emphasised understanding of a society synchronically and holistically. It views society as a biological organism with each thing serving a function that related to, and therefore able to bring about change to, something else. It suggests that everything has a function and is therefore indispensable.
What is structuralism?
The idea that underlying structures underpin day to day life, from the way we categorise and pair things to human binaries and bricolage.