Italy - Sicily - Marsala Flashcards Preview

Europe - Major Countries > Italy - Sicily - Marsala > Flashcards

Flashcards in Italy - Sicily - Marsala Deck (26):
1

Name a top quality producer of

Marsala

Marco de Bartoli

Florio

Carlo Pellegrino

Curatolo

Martinez

2

What are the White grapes of Marsala?

Grillo

Inzolia

Catarratto

Damaschino

(used in Oro, or Ambre)

==========

Rubino varietals
Perricone, Nero d'Avola, Nerello Mascalese,
(plus+ 30% max white grapes)

3

What are the Red grapes of Marsala?

Perricone

Nero d'Avola

Nerello Mascalese

(plus+ 30% max white grapes)

==========

Oro/Ambre varietals
Grillo, Inzolia, Catarratto, Damaschino

4

What is the maximum amount of white grapes

that can be used in Marsala Rubino?

30% maximum

(Cattarato, Inzolia, Grillo, Damaschino)

-----

70% min combined:
- Perricone, Nero d'Avola, and Nerello Mascalese

5

What is Siphone?

A sweetening agent of Marsala

Fortified unfermented must of overripe grapes

6

What is

Concia?

The name for the practice of adding
'Mosto Cotto' to Marsala Ambra.

Not allowed in Oro or Rubino
Not allowed in Vergine...?

7

What is

Mosto Cotto?

A sweetener/coloring agent
of Marsala

Juice that has been
reduced by 1/3
and caramelized

(source: Terlato Wines)

Required in Marsala Ambra.
(1% min 'Mosto Cotto')

Concia is the practice of adding 'Mosto Cotto'

Note:
- Concia is not allowed in Oro or Rubino
- 'Vergine' may not be sweetened at all

8

What are the 2 sweetening agents of Marsala?

Siphone
- Fortified unfermented must of overripe grapes

Mosto Cotto
- Unfermented must that has been caramelized and reduced by 1/3 of its original volume.
- Must be 1% of any Ambre wines.

9

Sweetness levels of

Marsala DOC

Secco - 40 g/l Max RS

Semisecco - 40-100 g/l RS

Dolce - 100 g/l min RS

10

Residual Sugar Level of

Marsala DOC (Secco)

40 g/l Max RS

11

Residual Sugar Level of

Marsala DOC (Semisecco)

40-100 g/l RS

12

Residual Sugar Level of

Marsala DOC (Dolce)

100 g/l min RS

13

What are the 

Historical Label Indications

of Marsala?

Vecchio
(meets the requirements for Superiore)

Marsala Fine "IP"
(Italy Particular)

Marsala Superiore "LP"
(London Particular)

Marsala Superiore "SOM"
(Superior Old Marsala)

Marsala Superiore "GD"
(Garibaldi Dolce)
- named after a 19th Century General -

Note:
- These terms don't have too much meaning. They were developed to appeal to consumers in different markets where Marsala wines were sold.

14

Aging levels of

Marsala DOC

Fine

Superiore/Vecchio

Superiore Riserva

Vergine
Solera

Vergine Riserva - Vergine Stravecchio
Solera Riserva - Solera Stravecchio

15

What is the minimum ABV of Marsala?

natural
~12%~

Fine
~17%~
after fortification

All other higher levels
~18%~
after fortification

16

Aging Requirements of

Marsala 'Fine'

*12 months min in Oak or Cherry

(first 4 months can be in 'alternative' vessels)

----------

~17% min ABV~

17

Aging Requirement of

Marsala 'Vergine Riserva'

*120 months in Oak or Cherry

~18% min ABV~

Same as:
Vergine Stravecchio
Solera Riserva - Solera Stravecchio
('Vergine' may not be sweetened)

18

Aging Requirement of

Marsala 'Solera Stravecchio'

*120 months in Oak or Cherry

~18% min ABV~

Same as:
Solera Riserva
Vergine Riserva - Vergine Stravecchio
('Vergine' may not be sweetened)

19

Aging Requirement of

Marsala 'Vecchio'

(aka: Superiore)

*24 months in Oak or Cherry

~18% min ABV~

20

Aging Requirement of

Marsala 'Superiore'

(aka: Vecchio)

*24 months in Oak or Cherry

~18% min ABV~

21

Aging Requirement of

Marsala 'Vergine'

*60 months in Oak or Cherry

~18% min ABV~

(same aging as 'Solera')
('Vergine' may not be sweetened)

22

Aging Requirement of

Marsala 'Solera'

*60 months in Oak or Cherry

~18% min ABV~

(same as 'Vergine')
('Vergine' may not be sweetened)

23

Aging Requirement of

Marsala 'Vergine Stravecchio'

*120 months in Oak or Cherry

~18% min ABV~

Same as:
Vergine Riserva
Solera Riserva - Solera Stravecchio
('Vergine' may not be sweetened)

24

Aging Requirement of

Marsala 'Superiore Riserva'

*48 months in Oak or Cherry

~18% min ABV~

25

Aging Requirement of

Marsala 'Solera Riserva'

*120 months in Oak or Cherry

~18% min ABV~

Same as:
Solera Stravecchio
Vergine Riserva - Vergine Stravecchio
('Vergine' may not be sweetened)

26

Marsala DOC

Oro - Ambra - Rubino
Fine - Superiore - Vergine, Solera - Riserva

Secco: 40 g/l Max RS
Semisecco: 40-100 g/l RS
Dolce: 100 g/l min RS

Oro/Ambre (varietals)
Grillo, Inzolia, Catarratto, Damaschino

Rubino (varietals)
Perricone, Nero d'Avola, Nerello Mascalese,
(plus+ 30% max white grapes)

Fine
(but really not a "fine wine")
~17% min ABV~
*12 months in Oak, Cherry.. or "Other"

Superiore/Vecchio
~18% min ABV~
*24 months in Oak or Cherry

Superiore Riserva
~18% min ABV~
*48 months in Oak or Cherry

Vergine - Solera
~18% min ABV~
*60 months in Oak or Cherry
(Vergine may not be sweetened)

Vergine Riserva
Vergine Stravecchio
Solera Riserva
Solera Stravecchio

~18% min ABV~
*120 months in Oak or Cherry

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