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Flashcards in J-L Deck (19):
1

the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli.

James Lange theory

2

the tendency of people to believe the world is just and that people therefore get what they deserve and deserve what they get.

just world phenomenon

3

the system for sensing the position and movement of individual body parts.

kinesthesis

4

our spoken, written, or gestured words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning.

language

5

according to Freud, the underlying meaning of a dream (as distinct from its manifest content). Freud believed that a dream's latent content functions as a safety valve.

latent content

6

learning that occurs but is not apparent until there is an incentive to demonstrate it.

latent learning

7

Thorndike's principle that behaviors followed by favorable consequences become more likely and that behaviors followed by unfavorable consequences become less likely.

law of effect

8

the hopelessness and passive resignation an animal or human learns when unable to avoid repeated aversive events.

learned helplessness

9

a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience.

learning

10

the transparent structure behind the pupil that changes shape to focus images on the retina.

lens

11

tissue destruction. A brain lesion is a naturally or experimentally caused destruction of brain tissue.

lesion

12

a doughnut-shaped system of neural structures at the border of the brainstem and cerebral hemispheres; associated with emotions such as fear and aggression and drives such as those for food and sex. Includes the hippocampus, amygdala, and hypothalamus.

limbic system

13

Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think.

linguistic relativity

14

a chemical that provides an effective drug therapy for the mood swings of bipolar (manic-depressive) disorders.

lithium

15

a now-rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. The procedure cut the nerves that connect the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain.

lobotomy

16

study research in which the same people are restudied and retested over a long period

longitudinal study

17

an increase in a synapse's firing potential after brief, rapid stimulation. Believed to be a neural basis for learning and memory

long-term potentiation

18

a powerful hallucinogenic drug; also known as acid (lysergic acid diethylamide).

LSD

19

he two types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system: B lymphocytes form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections; T lymphocytes form in the thymus and, among other duties, attack cancer cells, viruses, and foreign substances.

lymphocytes