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Flashcards in Jazz Features Deck (8)
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1

Timbre/Techniques

- Shakes
- Mutes
- Wah wah mutes
- Yah yah mutes
- Du wah mutes
- Glissandos
- Bends
- Crushed notes
- Vibrato
- Scat singing
- Trills
- Plunger mutes
- Flutter tonguing
- Harmonics
- Tailgating
- High trumpet parts
- Brass stabs
- Spills/falls
- brass cup mute
- brushes
- four on the floor
- walking bass
- stride piano
- trading 2's, 4's
- vocal quality

2

Rhythm/Metre

- Dance rhythms
-additive rhythms
- Hemiolas
- Dotted rhythms
- Polyrhythms
- Cross rhythms
- Syncopation
- Swing
- Triplets
- Quintuplets
- Sextuplets
- Fox trot
- Charleston
- Comping
- Stop time
- Irregular time
- Walking bass
- 4/4

3

Structure/Form

- 12 bar blues
- 32 bar blues
- Chorus
- 32 song bar form AABA
- Tag
- Intro
- Outro
- Ternary ABA
- Trading 2's, 4's
- Antecedent, Consequent

4

Melody

- Melodies built on motifs
- use of sequence in melodies
- Ornamentation; Trills, Turns, Mordents, Acciaccaturas
- Auxiliary notes
- Anticipation
- Improvisation
- Arpeggios
- Appoggiaturas/Accidental
- Passing notes
- Step wise/conjunct
- Leaps
- Scalic
- Counter melodies
- Riffs
- Licks

5

Instrumentation

- Scat
- Big band/Swing
- Traditional jazz
- New Orleans jazz
- Chicago jazz
- New York jazz
- Blues
- Ragtime
- Cool jazz
- Jazz fusion
- Ethnic/electronic dance styles
- use of ethnic instruments
- Combo
- Front line
- rhythm section
- horns
- saxes
- double bass
- drum kit
- solo instrumental breaks
- cadenzas

6

Tonality

- Flat keys
- 05ths
- Bitonal
- Blues scales
- Modal
- Bebop scales

7

Texture

- Imitation
- Pedals under chromatic passages in solo part
- Parallel Thirds
- Passages of walking bass/ use of pedals
- call and response/antiphony
- ostinatos
- canons
- counterpoint
- polyphony
- Monophony
- Imitation between bass and solo
- hetrophony
- contrapuntal
- imitation
- canon
- stretto
- ostinato
- melody chordal accomp
- counter melodies
- pedals

8

Harmony

- Chords I IV V
- 05ths (harmonic & tonal)
- Tritone subs
- Dom 7ths
- Extended harmony 7ths, 9ths, 11ths, 13ths
- ii V I
- Modes (Lydian, Mixolydian, Dorian, Locrian, ionian, aeolian)