Jeopardy Ch. 1-3 Flashcards Preview

Survey of the United States Constitution and Government- C181 > Jeopardy Ch. 1-3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Jeopardy Ch. 1-3 Deck (25):

This theory about government was developed by English philosopher John Locke: government exists to protect people's life, liberty, and property, and the people should be free to pursue their individual interests

What is liberalism


Those who are willing to use government to promote equality but not order

What are the liberals


Those who are willing to use government to promote order but not equality

What are conservatives


Those who are opposed to using government to promote either order or equality

What are libertarians


Those who are willing to use government to promote both order and equality

What are communitarians


In this form of democracy, all members of a group, rather than representatives meet and make decisions

What is direct or participatory democracy


The United States Constitution creates this form of democratic government, where citizens elect public officials to govern on their behalf

What is a representative democracy


The theory of government assumes: citizens are knowledgeable about government and politics; that they want to participate in the political process; and they make wise, rational decisions in voting for elected representatives

What is the majoritarian model of democracy


The view that a small group of wealthy well-connected individuals actually make most of the important government decisions

What is elite theory


This author of the Declaration of Independence was highly influenced by John Locke by writing "all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."

Who is Thomas Jefferson


Our nation's first form of government, in which the states held the most political power, and the national government consisted of only Congress, which had no direct authority to tax

What is the Articles of Confederation


This Massachusetts rebellion, led by a former officer of the Continental Army, put a spotlight on the weaknesses of the national government, and led to Congress calling for A Constitutional Convention

What is Shay's Rebellion


This plan resolved differences between James Madison's Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan by creating a bicameral Congress in which representation in the House is based on population, and states have equal representation in the Senate

What is the Great Compromise, also known as the Connecticut Compromise


The Constitution was written in Philadelphia in the summer of this year

What is 1787


This part of the Constitution creates a People, explains the reason for the Constitution, articulates goals, and fashions a government

What is the preamble


This constitutional principle divides power between the national government and the states

What is federalism


The constitutional principle that assigns a specific function to each of the three branches of government: Legislature (Congress makes laws); Executive (President enforces laws); Judicial (Courts interpret laws)

What is separation of powers


The constitutional principle that gives each branch of government some control over the other branches

What is checks and balances


Has happened only 27 times, and involves two steps: Proposal by a 2/3 majority of the House and Senate or 2/3 of the states calling for a national convention (never done) AND then ratification by 3/4 of the states )either legislators or state conventions)

What is a constitutional amendment


This group of people strongly opposed the Constitution written in Philadelphia for a number of reasons, but the biggest was that it lacked a Bill of Rights to protect the rights of citizens and states

What are the anti-federalists


The number of states required to ratify the Constitution as specified in Article VII

What are 9 out of the 13 states


This famous and well respected individual help to generate support for the Constitutions ratification by proposing a "list of guarantees through the amendment process" (a bill of rights)

Who is George Washington
Note: While George Washington suggested to add the Bill of Rights, it was James Madison who did the work of writing them


Written by James Madison, this famous article or "paper" argued that the new government would not be dominated by any faction

What is Federalist #10


Written by James Madison, this well-known article or "paper" argued that separation of powers and checks and balances would control tyranny from any source within the government

What is Federalist #51


This model of government interprets government by the people as: government by the people as operating through competing interest groups and a decentralized structure of government

What is the pluralist model of democracy