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Anatomy Lab > Joints & Articulations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Joints & Articulations Deck (47):
1

Define a synostosis joint

A joint of two fused bones

2

Give an example of a synostosis joint

Fusion of two frontal bones into one bone

3

Define a fibrous joint

Connect bones with collagenous fibers

4

Name the 3 types of fibrous joints

1. Suture
2. Gomphosis
3. Syndesmosis

5

Give an example of a suture joint

Frontal and parietal bones

6

Give an example of a gomphosis joint

Teeth and mandible

7

Give an example of a syndesmosis joint

Distal tibia and distal fibula

8

What type of attachment is a ligament?

Bone to bone

9

What type of attachment is a tendon?

Bone to muscle

10

Define a cartilaginous joint

Connect bones with cartilage

11

Name the 2 types of cartilaginous joints

1. Synchondrosis
2. Symphysis

12

Give 2 examples of a synchondrosis joint

1. Costal cartilages, first rib, and sternum
2. Epiphyseal plate, humeral head, and shaft

13

Give an example of a symphysis joint

1. Pubic symphysis
2. Intervertebral disks

14

Define a synovial joint

Joint that is enclosed in a capsule and allows for extensive movement

15

Joint caivity (synovial joint)

Identify

16

Fibrous capsule (synovial joint)

Identify

17

Synovial membrane (synovial joint)

Identify

18

Articular cartilages (synovial joint)

Identify

19

Name the 6 types of synovial joints (least to most movable)

1. Plane
2. Hinge
3. Pivot
4. Condyloid
5. Saddle
6. Ball and socket

20

Where does a plane joint occur?

Intercarpals

21

Where does a hinge joint occur?

Humeroulnar

22

Where does a pivot joint occur?

Radioulnar

23

Where does a condyloid joint occur?

Metacarpophalangeal

24

Where does a saddle joint occur?

Trapeziometacarpal

25

Where does a ball and socket joint occur?

Glenohumeral (Scapulohumeral)

26

What type of joint is the temporomandibular joint?

Hinge and plane joint

27

What type of joint is the humeroulnar/humeroradial joint

Hinge and pivot

28

Patellar surface

Identify

29

Lateral condyle (tibiofemoral)

Identify

30

Medial condyle (tibiofemoral)

Identify

31

Fibular collateral ligament

Identify

32

Lateral meniscus

Identify

33

Transverse ligament (tibiofemoral)

Identify

34

Patellar ligament

Identify

35

Tibial collateral ligament

Identify

36

Medial meniscus

Identify

37

Anterior cruciate ligament

Identify

38

Posterior cruciate ligament

Identify

39

Anterior tibiofibular ligament

Identify

40

Posterior tibiofibular ligament

Identify

41

Posterior talofibular ligament

Identify

42

Calcaneofibular ligament

Identify

43

Anterior talofibular ligament

Identify

44

Calcaneal tendon

Identify

45

Tendons of fibularis longus and brevis

Identify

46

Medial ligament (ankle)

Identify

47

What is the function of the glenoid labrum?

Deepen the glenoid cavity